cis-but-2-ene

CAS No. 590-18-1

Formula: C4H8
Basic Info

2-Butene is an acyclic alkene with four carbon atoms. It is the simplest alkene exhibiting cis/trans-isomerism (also known as (E/Z)-isomerism); that is, it exists as two geometric isomers cis-2-butene ((Z)-2-butene) and trans-2-butene ((E)-2-butene).
It is a petrochemical, produced by the catalytic cracking of crude oil or the dimerization of ethylene. Its main uses are in the production of gasoline (petrol) and butadiene, although some 2-butene is also used to produce the solvent butanone via hydration to 2-butanol followed by oxidation.
The two isomers are extremely difficult to separate by distillation because of the proximity of their boiling points (~4 °C for cis and ~1 °C for trans). However, separation is unnecessary in most industrial settings, as both isomers behave similarly in most of the desired reactions. A typical industrial 2-butene mixture is 70% (Z)-2-butene (cis-isomer) and 30% (E)-2-butene (trans-isomer). Butane and 1-butene are common impurities, present at 1% or more in industrial mixtures, which also contain smaller amounts of isobutene, butadiene and butyne.

Formula
C4H8
Molecular Weight
56.1063
Exact Mass
56.0626
LogP
1.5824
PSA
0
Synonyms

(Z)-but-2-ene

High-boiling butene-2

2-Butene, (Z)-

cis-2-Butene

cis-1,2-Dimethylethylene

cis-Butene

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
colorless liquefied petroleum gas.
Density
0.636 g/cm3
Boiling Point
3.7ºC at 760 mmHg
Melting Point
-139ºC(lit.)
Flash Point
-12ºC
Refractive Index
1.384
Stability
Stable, but prone to polymerization in the presence of suitable catalysts. Extremely flammable. Readily forms explosive mixtures with air. Can lead to flash fires. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, halogens, halogen acids, magnesium perchlorate.
Safety Info
Safety Statements
S9-S16-S33
Risk Statements
R12
RIDADR
UN 1012
Hazard Class
2.1
Hazard Codes
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 13, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 13, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name cis-but-2-ene

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names High-boiling butene-2

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Fuels and fuel additives,Intermediates
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Gases under pressure: Compressed gas

Flammable gases, Category 1

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H220 Extremely flammable gas

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

Response

P377 Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.

P381 In case of leakage, eliminate all ignition sources.

Storage

P410+P403 Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.

P403 Store in a well-ventilated place.

Disposal

none

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
cis-but-2-ene cis-but-2-ene 590-18-1 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water, do NOT remove clothes. Refer for medical attention .

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

no data available

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Basic Treatment: Establish a patent airway. Suction if necessary. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilations if necessary. Administer oxygen by nonrebreather mask at 10 to 15 L/min. Monitor for pulmonary edema and treat if necessary ... Anticipate seizures and treat as necessary ... For eye contamination, flush eyes immediately with water. Irrigate each eye continuously with normal saline during transport ... Do not use emetics. For ingestion, rinse mouth and administer 5 mL/kg up to 200 mL of water for dilution if the patient can swallow, has a strong gag reflex, and does not drool. Administer activated charcoal ... Treat frostbite with rapid rewarming techniques ... /Aliphatic hydrocarbons and related compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Shut off supply; if not possible and no risk to surroundings, let the fire burn itself out. In other cases extinguish with water spray.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

no data available

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. NEVER direct water jet on liquid.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Pick up and arrange disposal. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Store outside or in a separate well-ventilated building. Cool.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state colorless liquefied petroleum gas.
Colour Colorless gas
Odour no data available
Melting point/ freezing point -139ºC(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 3.7ºC at 760 mmHg
Flammability Extremely flammable.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 1.7% by volume; Upper flammable limit: 9.0% by volume
Flash point -12ºC
Auto-ignition temperature 617 DEG F (325 DEG C)
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility Sol in most organic solvents
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow= 2.33
Vapour pressure 1,600 mm Hg at 25°C
Density and/or relative density 0.636 g/cm3
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.9
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

DANGEROUS FIRE ... RISKThe gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. The gas is heavier than air and may accumulate in lowered spaces causing a deficiency of oxygen. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

no data available

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

no data available

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: no data available
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

Pure cultures isolated from soil and lake water samples degraded cis-2-butene to 2,3-epoxybutane(1).[(1) Hou CT et al; Appl Environ Microbiol 46: 171-77 (1983)] Full text: PMC239284

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 12 was calculated for cis-2-butene(SRC), using a log Kow of 2.33(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low.

12.4 Mobility in soil

The Koc of cis-2-butene is estimated as 440(SRC), using a log Kow of 2.33(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this estimated Koc value suggests that cis-2-butene is expected to have moderate mobility in soil.

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1012 IMDG: UN1012 IATA: UN1012

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: BUTYLENE
IMDG: BUTYLENE
IATA: BUTYLENE

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 2.1 IMDG: 2.1 IATA: 2.1

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: unknown IMDG: unknown IATA: unknown

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
cis-but-2-ene cis-but-2-ene 590-18-1 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 13, 2017
Revision Date Aug 13, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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Section 1. IDENTIFICATION OF THE SUBSTANCE/MIXTURE
  Product identifiers
    Product name        : cis-2-Butene    
    Index-No.        : 601-012-00-4    
    CAS-No.        : 590-18-1    
  

Section 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  Classification of the substance or mixture
  Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 [EU-GHS/CLP]
    Flammable gases (Category 1)
    Gases under pressure
  Classification according to EU Directives 67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC
    Extremely flammable.
  Label elements
  Labelling according Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 [CLP]
    Pictogram
    Signal word        Danger    
    Hazard statement(s)
    Extremely flammable gas.
    Precautionary statement(s)
    Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.
    Supplemental Hazard        none    
    Statements
  According to European Directive 67/548/EEC as amended.
    Hazard symbol(s)
    R-phrase(s)
    R12        Extremely flammable.    
    S-phrase(s)
    S9        Keep container in a well-ventilated place.    
    S16        Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.    
    S33        Take precautionary measures against static discharges.    
  Other hazards - none

Section 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
  Substances
    Formula        : C4H8    
    Molecular Weight        : 56,11 g/mol    

Section 4. FIRST AID MEASURES
  Description of first aid measures
  If inhaled
    If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration.
  In case of skin contact
    Wash off with soap and plenty of water.
  In case of eye contact
    Flush eyes with water as a precaution.
  If swallowed
    Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water.
  Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
    Acts as a simple asphyxiant by displacing air., Dizziness, Disorientation, Headache, excitement, Central
    nervous system depression, May be harmful., To the best of our knowledge, the chemical, physical, and
    toxicological properties have not been thoroughly investigated.
  Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
    no data available

Section 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES
  Extinguishing media
  Suitable extinguishing media
    Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
  Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
    Carbon oxides
  Advice for firefighters
    Wear self contained breathing apparatus for fire fighting if necessary.
  Further information
    no data available

Section 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
    Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas.
  Environmental precautions
    Do not let product enter drains.
  Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up
    Clean up promptly by sweeping or vacuum.
  Reference to other sections
    For disposal see section 13.

Section 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE
  Precautions for safe handling
    no data available
  Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
    Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.
    Contents under pressure.
  Specific end use(s)
    no data available

Section 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Control parameters
  Components with workplace control parameters
  Exposure controls
  Appropriate engineering controls
    General industrial hygiene practice.
  Personal protective equipment
  Eye/face protection
    Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards
    such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).
  Skin protection
    Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique
    (without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of
    contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices.
    Wash and dry hands.
    The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and
    the standard EN 374 derived from it.
    Full contact
    Material: Fluorinated rubber
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,7 mm
    Break through time: 480 min
    Splash protection
    Material: Nitrile rubber
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,4 mm
    Break through time: 60 min
    test method: EN374
    If used in solution, or mixed with other substances, and under conditions which differ from EN 374,
    contact the supplier of the CE approved gloves. This recommendation is advisory only and must
    be evaluated by an Industrial Hygienist familiar with the specific situation of anticipated use by our
    customers. It should not be construed as offering an approval for any specific use scenario.
  Body Protection
    Impervious clothing., The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the
    concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace.
  Respiratory protection
    Where risk assessment shows air-purifying respirators are appropriate use a full-face respirator
    with multi-purpose combination (US) or type AXBEK (EN 14387) respirator cartridges as a backup
    to engineering controls. If the respirator is the sole means of protection, use a full-face supplied air
    respirator. Use respirators and components tested and approved under appropriate government
    standards such as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).

Section 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
  Information on basic physical and chemical properties
    a) Appearance        Form: gaseous    
    Colour: colourless
    b) Odour        no data available    
    c) Odour Threshold        no data available    
    d) pH        no data available    
    e) Melting point/freezing        Melting point/range: -139 °C - lit.    
    point
    f) Initial boiling point and 3,7 °C - lit.
    boiling range
    g) Flash point        -12 °C - closed cup    
    h) Evaporation rate        no data available    
    i) Flammability (solid, gas) no data available
    j) Upper/lower        Upper explosion limit: 9,7 %(V)    
    flammability or        Lower explosion limit: 1,7 %(V)    
    explosive limits
    k) Vapour pressure        1.885 hPa at 21 °C    
    3.138 hPa at 37,7 °C
    l) Vapour density        1,94 - (Air = 1.0)    
    m) Relative density        0,621 g/cm3    
    n) Water solubility        no data available    
    o) Partition coefficient: n- no data available
    octanol/water
    p) Auto-ignition        no data available    
    temperature
    q) Decomposition        no data available    
    temperature
    r) Viscosity        no data available    
    s) Explosive properties        no data available    
    t) Oxidizing properties        no data available    
  Other safety information
    no data available

Section 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Reactivity
    no data available
  Chemical stability
    no data available
  Possibility of hazardous reactions
    no data available
  Conditions to avoid
    no data available
  Incompatible materials
    Strong oxidizing agents
  Hazardous decomposition products
    Other decomposition products - no data available

Section 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Information on toxicological effects
  Acute toxicity
    no data available
  Skin corrosion/irritation
    no data available
  Serious eye damage/eye irritation
    no data available
  Respiratory or skin sensitization
    no data available
  Germ cell mutagenicity
    no data available
  Carcinogenicity
    IARC:        No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as    
    probable, possible or confirmed human carcinogen by IARC.
  Reproductive toxicity
    no data available
  Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure
    no data available
  Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure
    no data available
  Aspiration hazard
    no data available
  Potential health effects
  Inhalation        May be harmful if inhaled. May cause respiratory tract irritation.    
  Ingestion        May be harmful if swallowed.    
  Skin        May be harmful if absorbed through skin. May cause skin irritation.    
  Eyes        May cause eye irritation.    
  Signs and Symptoms of Exposure
    Acts as a simple asphyxiant by displacing air., Dizziness, Disorientation, Headache, excitement, Central
    nervous system depression, May be harmful., To the best of our knowledge, the chemical, physical, and
    toxicological properties have not been thoroughly investigated.
  Additional Information
    RTECS: Not available

Section 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Toxicity
    no data available
  Persistence and degradability
    no data available
  Bioaccumulative potential
    no data available
  Mobility in soil
    no data available
  Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
    no data available
  Other adverse effects
    no data available

Section 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Waste treatment methods
  Product
    Offer surplus and non-recyclable solutions to a licensed disposal company.
  Contaminated packaging
    Dispose of as unused product.

Section 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION
  UN number
    ADR/RID: 1012        IMDG: 1012        IATA: 1012    
  UN proper shipping name
    ADR/RID: 1-BUTYLENE
    IMDG: BUTYLENE
    IATA:        Butylene    
    Passenger Aircraft: Not permitted for transport
  Transport hazard class(es)
    ADR/RID: 2.1        IMDG: 2.1        IATA: 2.1    
  Packaging group
    ADR/RID: -        IMDG: -        IATA: -    
  Environmental hazards
    ADR/RID: no        IMDG Marine Pollutant: no        IATA: no    
  Special precautions for user
    no data available

Section 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION
    This safety datasheet complies with the requirements of Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006.
  Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
    no data available
  Chemical Safety Assessment


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : parameter neat
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Mass Spectrum Mass spectrum (electron ionization)
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