citral

CAS No. 5392-40-5

Formula: C10H16O
Basic Info

Citral, or 3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienal or lemonal, is either a pair, or a mixture of terpenoids with the molecular formula C10H16O. The two compounds are double bond isomers. The E-isomer is known as geranial or citral A. The Z-isomer is known as neral or citral B.

Formula
C10H16O
Molecular Weight
152.233
Exact Mass
152.12
LogP
2.878
PSA
17.07
Synonyms

3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienal,Geranial and neral mixture

LEMAROME

NERAL

gerznial

lemsyngb

3,7-Dimethylocta-2,6-dienal

3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-al

3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienal

LEMSYN

GERANIAL

Citral

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
Clear to pale yellow oily liquid
Density
0.889
Boiling Point
229ºC
Melting Point
< -10ºC
Flash Point
101ºC
Refractive Index
1.486-1.49
Water Solubility
PRACTICALLY INSOLUBLE
Stability
Stable. but readily isomerizes. Incompatible with alkalies, strong oxidizing agents, strong acids. Combustible. Air and light sensitive.
Vapor Density
5 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
0.2 mm Hg ( 200 °C)
Safety Info
RTECS
RG5075000
Safety Statements
S24/25-S37
WGK Germany
1
Risk Statements
R38; R43
HS Code
2932999099
RIDADR
1760
Hazard Class
8
Packing Group
III
Hazard Codes
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name citral

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names LEMSYN

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Food additives -> Flavoring Agents
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Skin irritation, Category 2

Skin sensitization, Category 1

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Warning

Hazard statement(s)

H315 Causes skin irritation

H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

Response

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P332+P313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P333+P313 If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

Storage

none

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
citral citral 5392-40-5 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest.

In case of skin contact

Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.

In case of eye contact

Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible).

If swallowed

Rinse mouth.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

SYMPTOMS: Symptoms of exposure to this compound may include contact dermatitis. ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: This compound is a local irritant. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and fumes.

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Absorption, Distribution and Excretion

Male Fischer F344 rats were given citral labelled with 14C at the C1 and C2 positions in a single oral dose of 5, 50, or 500 mg/kg bw or an intravenous dose of 5 mg/kg bw. After 72 h, the animals were sacrificed and tissues and excreta analyzed for radioactivity. Most radiolabel was excreted in the urine, feces, and expired air as 14CO2 or [14C]citral within 24 hr, regardless of the dose or route of administration. At the lowest oral dose, 83% of the radiolabel was recovered within 72 hr (51% in urine, 12% in feces, 17% as expired 14CO2, <1% as expired [14C]citral, and 3% in total tissues). Production of 14CO2 essentially ceased 12 hr after treatment, and the amount of 14C found in any tissue was very small (<2%). This excretion profile did not change much with increasing oral dose, although ... oxidation to CO2 was somewhat greater at the lowest dose.

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

If material on fire or involved in fire: Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

This chemical is combustible.

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Remove all ignition sources. Personal protection: chemical protection suit and filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking liquid in covered containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Environmental considerations- land spill: Dig a pit, pond, lagoon, holding area to contain liquid or solid material. /SRP: If time permits, pits, ponds, lagoons, soak holes, or holding areas should be sealed with an impermeable flexible membrane liner./ Cover solids with a plastic sheet to prevent dissolving in rain or fire fighting water. Dike surface flow using soil, sand bags, foamed polyurethane, or foamed concrete.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Cool. Ventilation along the floor. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state Clear to pale yellow oily liquid
Colour Mobile pale yellow liquid
Odour Strong lemon odor
Melting point/ freezing point 340°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 229°C(lit.)
Flammability Combustible.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 104°C(lit.)
Auto-ignition temperature 225°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH ACID VALUE: 5.0 MAX
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility In water:PRACTICALLY INSOLUBLE
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 3.45 (est)
Vapour pressure 0.2 mm Hg ( 200 °C)
Density and/or relative density 0.889
Relative vapour density 5 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

NOT STABLE TO ALKALIES AND STRONG ACIDS

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

CombustibleCITRAL is an aldehyde. Aldehydes are frequently involved in self-condensation or polymerization reactions. These reactions are exothermic; they are often catalyzed by acid. Aldehydes are readily oxidized to give carboxylic acids. Flammable and/or toxic gases are generated by the combination of aldehydes with azo, diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, nitrides, and strong reducing agents. Aldehydes can react with air to give first peroxo acids, and ultimately carboxylic acids. These autoxidation reactions are activated by light, catalyzed by salts of transition metals, and are autocatalytic (catalyzed by the products of the reaction). The addition of stabilizers (antioxidants) to shipments of aldehydes retards autoxidation. This compound can react with alkalis and strong acids. It can readily isomerize.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

no data available

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Mouse oral 1440 mg/kg bw
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50 Daphnia magna (Water flea, <24 hr old) 10 mg/L/24 hr; static, 21-23°C, pH 7.4-7.8, dissolved oxygen 7.5-8.0 mg/L; Effect: immobilization /98.9% pure
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: Citral, present at 100 mg/L, reached 92% of its theoretical BOD in four weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L and the Japanese MITI test(1); therefore, this compound is expected to biodegrade rapidly.

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 10 was calculated in fish for citral(SRC), using a water solubility of 1,340 mg/L(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

The Koc of citral is estimated as 83(SRC), using a water solubility of 1,340 mg/L(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this estimated Koc value suggests that citral is expected to have high mobility in soil.

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN2735 IMDG: UN2735 IATA: UN2735

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: AMINES, LIQUID, CORROSIVE, N.O.S. or POLYAMINES, LIQUID, CORROSIVE, N.O.S.
IMDG: AMINES, LIQUID, CORROSIVE, N.O.S. or POLYAMINES, LIQUID, CORROSIVE, N.O.S.
IATA: AMINES, LIQUID, CORROSIVE, N.O.S. or POLYAMINES, LIQUID, CORROSIVE, N.O.S.

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 8 IMDG: 8 IATA: 8

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: III IMDG: III IATA: III

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
citral citral 5392-40-5 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 12, 2017
Revision Date Aug 12, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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Name: Citral 95% Mixture of Cis and Trans Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: 3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-Octadienal ; Geranial ; Nera
CAS: 5392-40-5
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Citral 95% Mixture of Cis and Trans Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-Octadienal ; Geranial ; Nera

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
5392-40-5 CITRAL 95 226-394-6
Hazard Symbols: XI
Risk Phrases: 38 43

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Irritating to skin. May cause sensitization by skin contact.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye irritation.
Skin:
Causes skin irritation. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material.
Ingestion:
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Inhalation:
Causes respiratory tract irritation.
Chronic:
Repeated exposure may cause sensitization dermatitis.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Skin:
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Wash mouth out with water.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas.
Extinguishing Media:
Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. If water is the only media available, use in flooding amounts.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Use only in a chemical fume hood. Wash clothing before reuse.
Storage:
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits CAS# 5392-40-5: Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: clear, colorless
Odor: Strong lemon odor
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 0.2 mm Hg @ 200
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 229 deg C @ 760.00mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point: < -10C
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Flash Point: 101 deg C ( 213.80 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: N/A
Explosion Limits, upper: N/A
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: mineral oil, fixed oils
Specific Gravity/Density: .8880g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C10H16O
Molecular Weight: 152.24

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, ignition sources, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents - strong acids - strong bases.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 5392-40-5: RG5075000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 5392-40-5: Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Moderate; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 100 mg/24H Severe; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 6 gm/kg; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 1.67 gm/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 4960 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 3.45 gm/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 2250 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
CITRAL - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Other No information available.

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Not regulated as a hazardous material.
IMO
Not regulated as a hazardous material.
RID/ADR
Not regulated as a hazardous material.

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XI
Risk Phrases:
R 38 Irritating to skin.
R 43 May cause sensitization by skin contact.
Safety Phrases:
S 24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 37 Wear suitable gloves.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 5392-40-5: 1
Canada
CAS# 5392-40-5 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 5392-40-5 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 5392-40-5 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : Predict
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IR Spectrum IR : liquid film
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Mass Spectrum Mass
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Analysis Methods
Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp
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Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
OV-101
Retention index
1237.
Temperature Control
Method
temperature ramp
Comments
He, 35. C @ 3. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 12. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; T<sub>end</sub>: 185. C
Reference
Marin, A.B.Acree, T.E.Hotchkiss, J.H.Nagy, S.Gas chromatography--olfactometry of orange juice to assess the effects of plastic polymers on aroma characterJ. Agric. Food Chem.1992, 40, 4, 650-654.
Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program
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Column Shape
Packed
Active Phase(℃)
SE-30
Retention index
1272.
Temperature Control
Method
custom temperature program
Comments
He, Chromosorb G HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m; Program: not specified
Reference
Ramsey, J.D.Lee, T.D.Osselton, M.D.Moffat, A.C.Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 296 non-drug substances on SE-30 or OV-1 likely to be encountered in toxicological analysesJ. Chromatogr.1980, 184, 2, 185-206.
Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp
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Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
DB-1
Retention index
1240.5
Temperature Control
Method
temperature ramp
Comments
2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; T<sub>start</sub>: 50. C; T<sub>end</sub>: 300. C
Reference
Chang, L.P.Sheng, L.S.Yang, M.Z.An, D.K.Retention index of essential oil in temperature-programmed capillary column gas chromatographyActa Pharm. Sin.1989, 24, 11, 847-852.
Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp
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Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
DB-1
Retention index
1240.6
Temperature Control
Method
temperature ramp
Comments
2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; T<sub>start</sub>: 50. C; T<sub>end</sub>: 300. C
Reference
Chang, L.P.Sheng, L.S.Yang, M.Z.An, D.K.Retention index of essential oil in temperature-programmed capillary column gas chromatographyActa Pharm. Sin.1989, 24, 11, 847-852.
Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp
expand collapse
Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
DB-1
Retention index
1240.5
Temperature Control
Method
temperature ramp
Comments
2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; T<sub>start</sub>: 50. C; T<sub>end</sub>: 300. C
Reference
Chang, L.P.Sheng, L.S.Yang, M.Z.An, D.K.Retention index of essential oil in temperature-programmed capillary column gas chromatographyActa Pharm. Sin.1989, 24, 11, 847-852.
Toxicity
SKIN/EYE IRRITATION DATA
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Type of Test
Standard Draize test
Exposure Route
Administration onto the skin
Species Observed
Human
Dose/Duration
40 mg/24H
Toxic Effects
--
Reference
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. (London, UK) V.1-19, 1963-81. For publisher information, see FCTOD7. Volume(issue)/page/year: 17,259,1979
SKIN/EYE IRRITATION DATA
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Type of Test
Standard Draize test
Exposure Route
Administration onto the skin
Species Observed
Human - man
Dose/Duration
16 mg/48H
Toxic Effects
--
Reference
Cosmetics and Toiletries. (Allured Pub. Corp., POB 318, Wheaton, IL 60189) V.91- 1976- Volume(issue)/page/year: 94(8),41,1979
SKIN/EYE IRRITATION DATA
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Type of Test
Standard Draize test
Exposure Route
Administration onto the skin
Species Observed
Rodent - rabbit
Dose/Duration
500 mg/24H
Toxic Effects
--
Reference
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. (London, UK) V.1-19, 1963-81. For publisher information, see FCTOD7. Volume(issue)/page/year: 17,259,1979

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