3-methylbutanal

CAS No. 590-86-3

Formula: C5H10O
Basic Info

Isovaleraldehyde is a small organic compound, also known as 3-methylbutanal, with the formula (CH3)2CHCH2CHO. It is an aldehyde, a colorless liquid at STP, and found in low concentrations in many types of food. It can be produced commercially and is used as a reagent for the production of pharmaceuticals and pesticides.

Formula
C5H10O
Molecular Weight
86.1323
Exact Mass
86.0732
LogP
1.2314
PSA
17.07
Synonyms

3-methyl-butanal

ISO-PENTANAL

isovaleric aldehyde

Isovaleraldehyd

Isovaleral

3-methyl-butana

FEMA 2692

iso-C4H9CHO

Isovaleraldehyde

Isoamylaldehyd

ISOAMYLALDEHYDE

ISOPENTALDEHYDE

isobutyric aldehyde

Butanal, 3-methyl-

3-methylbutyraldehyde

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
clear, colorless liquid.
Density
0.796
Boiling Point
90ºC
Melting Point
-60ºC
Flash Point
-5ºC
Refractive Index
1.387-1.389
Water Solubility
15 g/L (20 ºC)
Stability
Stable, but light and air sensitive. Highly flammable. Readily forms explosive mixtures with air. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, bases, reducing agents, air.
Storage Condition
Refrigerator (+4ºC) + Flammables area
Vapor Density
2.96 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
30 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
Safety Info
RTECS
ES3450000
Safety Statements
S16-S26-S37/39
WGK Germany
1
Risk Statements
R11; R36/37/38
HS Code
29121900
RIDADR
UN 1989
Hazard Class
3
Packing Group
II
Hazard Codes
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name 3-methylbutanal

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Butanal, 3-methyl-

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Food additives -> Flavoring Agents
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Flammable liquids, Category 2

Skin sensitization, Category 1

Eye irritation, Category 2

Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure, Category 3

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term (Chronic) - Category Chronic 2

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour

H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction

H319 Causes serious eye irritation

H335 May cause respiratory irritation

H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

P242 Use non-sparking tools.

P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

Response

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P333+P313 If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P337+P313 If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P391 Collect spillage.

Storage

P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
3-methylbutanal 3-methylbutanal 590-86-3 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest.

In case of skin contact

Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.

In case of eye contact

Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible).

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Inhalation causes chest discomfort, nausea, vomiting, and headache. Contact of liquid with eyes or skin causes irritation. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

/SRP:/ Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR as necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Aldehydes and Related Compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

If material on fire or involved in fire: Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may be ineffective. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Use "alcohol" foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide. Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Excerpt from ERG Guide 129 [Flammable Liquids (Water-Miscible / Noxious)]: HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Those substances designated with a (P) may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. (ERG, 2016)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Remove all ignition sources. Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT wash away into sewer.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Pick up and arrange disposal. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Well closed. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing.Materials which are toxic as stored or which can decompose into toxic components...should be stored in a cool, well ventilated place, out of the direct rays of the sun, away from areas of high fire hazard, and should be periodically inspected. Incompatible materials should be isolated...

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state clear, colorless liquid.
Colour Colorless liquid
Odour Apple-like odor
Melting point/ freezing point 283°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 300°C(lit.)
Flammability Highly flammable.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 1.7% by volume; Upper flammable limit: 6.8% by volume
Flash point 3°C(lit.)
Auto-ignition temperature 464 deg F (240°C)
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 0.58 mPa.S at 20°C
Solubility In water:15 g/L (20 ºC)
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 1.23 (est)
Vapour pressure 30 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
Density and/or relative density 0.796
Relative vapour density 2.96 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed.ISOVALERALDEHYDE is an aldehyde. Aldehydes are frequently involved in self-condensation or polymerization reactions. These reactions are exothermic; they are often catalyzed by acid. Aldehydes are readily oxidized to give carboxylic acids. Flammable and/or toxic gases are generated by the combination of aldehydes with azo, diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, nitrides, and strong reducing agents. Aldehydes can react with air to give first peroxo acids, and ultimately carboxylic acids. These autoxidation reactions are activated by light, catalyzed by salts of transition metals, and are autocatalytic (catalyzed by the products of the reaction). The addition of stabilizers (antioxidants) to shipments of aldehydes retards autoxidation.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

no data available

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

Disaster hazard: slight; when heated, it emits acrid fumes.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Mouse oral 4750 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: LC50 mouse inhalation approximately 6.2 mg/L/10 hrs.
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Pimephales promelas (Fathead minnow, age 30 days, mean length 20.4 mm, mean weight 0.127 g); Conditions: flow through, 23.9°C pH 7.58, hardness 49.3 mg/L CaCO3, alkalinity 47.8 mg/L CaCO3, dissolved oxygen 6.9 mg/L; Concentration: 3.25 mg/L for 96 hr (95% confidence limit: 2.98-3.54 mg/L) /97.3% purity
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50; Species Daphnia magna (Water flea); Concentration: 210.0 mg/L for 24 hr; Effect: immobilization /Conditions of bioassay not specified in source examined
  • Toxicity to algae: EC50; Species Scenedesmus subspicatus (Algae); Concentration: 80.0 mg/L for 72 hr; Effect: growth inhibition /Conditions of bioassay not specified in source examined
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: In activated sludge from waste treatment plants, 3-methylbutanal had a theoretical oxygen demand of 9.2, 14.2, and 16.1% after 6, 12, and 24 hours, respectively(1).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 3 was calculated in fish for 3-methylbutanal(SRC), using a water solubility of 1.4X10+4 mg/L(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

The Koc of 3-methylbutanal is estimated as 23(SRC), using a water solubility of 1.4X10+4 mg/L(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this estimated Koc value suggests that 3-methylbutanal is expected to have very high mobility in soil.

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN2058 IMDG: UN2058 IATA: UN2058

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: VALERALDEHYDE
IMDG: VALERALDEHYDE
IATA: VALERALDEHYDE

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: yes IMDG: yes IATA: yes

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
3-methylbutanal 3-methylbutanal 590-86-3 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 12, 2017
Revision Date Aug 12, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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Name: 3-Methylbutyraldehyde 98% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Isovaleraldehyde; Isovaleric aldehyde; Isovaleral; Isopentaldehyde; Isoamyl aldehyde; 3-Methylbutanal; 3-Methylbutyraldehyde
CAS: 590-86-3
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:3-Methylbutyraldehyde 98% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Isovaleraldehyde; Isovaleric aldehyde; Isovaleral; Isopentaldehyde; Isoamyl aldehyde; 3-Methylbutanal; 3-Methylbutyraldehyde

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
590-86-3 3-Methylbutyraldehyde 98 209-691-5
Hazard Symbols: XN F
Risk Phrases: 11 36/37/38

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Highly flammable. Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.Stench.Air sensitive.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye irritation.
Skin:
Causes skin irritation.
Ingestion:
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Inhalation:
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation.
Chronic:
No information found.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation:
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air.
Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire.
Flammable liquid and vapor. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas.
Extinguishing Media:
For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well-ventilated area.
Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage:
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Flammables-area.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits CAS# 590-86-3: Germany: 10 ppm TWA; 39 mg/m3 TWA Russia: 10 mg/m3 TWA Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: clear, colorless
Odor: pungent, apple-like
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 50 hPa @ 20 C
Viscosity: 0.6 MPA 20.00 deg C
Boiling Point: 90 deg C @ 760 mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point: -60 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 240 deg C ( 464.00 deg F)
Flash Point: -5 deg C ( 23.00 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 1.70 vol %
Explosion Limits, upper: 6.80 vol %
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: Slightly soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: .7900 g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C5H10O
Molecular Weight: 86.13

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Light, ignition sources, exposure to air, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, reducing agents, strong bases.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 590-86-3: ES3450000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 590-86-3: Dermal, guinea pig: LD50 = >8 gm/kg; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg/24H Moderate; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Mild; Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 50770 mg/m3; Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 47700 mg/m3/2H; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 42700 mg/m3/4H; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 30860 mg/m3; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 4750 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 5600 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 5165 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 3180 uL/kg.
Rabbit LD50 - Route: Skin; Dose: 3180 uL/kg = 2512 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
3-Methylbutyraldehyde - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
 

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: VALERALDEHYDE
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 2058
Packing Group: II
IMO
Shipping Name: VALERALDEHYDES
Hazard Class: 3.2
UN Number: 2058
Packing Group: II
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: VALERALDEHYDE
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 2058
Packing group: II

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XN F
Risk Phrases:
R 11 Highly flammable.
R 36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system
and skin.
Safety Phrases:
S 16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No
smoking.
S 29 Do not empty into drains.
S 33 Take precautionary measures against static
discharges.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 590-86-3: 1
Canada
CAS# 590-86-3 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 590-86-3 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 590-86-3 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 400 MHz in CDCl3
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IR Spectrum IR : liquid film
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Mass Spectrum Mass spectrum (electron ionization)
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Toxicity
SKIN/EYE IRRITATION DATA
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Type of Test
Standard Draize test
Exposure Route
Administration onto the skin
Species Observed
Rodent - rabbit
Dose/Duration
500 mg/24H
Toxic Effects
--
Reference
Prehled Prumyslove Toxikologie; Organicke Latky, Marhold, J., Prague, Czechoslovakia, Avicenum, 1986 Volume(issue)/page/year: -,271,1986
SKIN/EYE IRRITATION DATA
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Type of Test
Standard Draize test
Exposure Route
Administration into the eye
Species Observed
Rodent - rabbit
Dose/Duration
100 mg/24H
Toxic Effects
--
Reference
Prehled Prumyslove Toxikologie; Organicke Latky, Marhold, J., Prague, Czechoslovakia, Avicenum, 1986 Volume(issue)/page/year: -,271,1986
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
Exposure Route
Oral
Species Observed
Rodent - rat
Dose/Duration
5600 mg/kg
Toxic Effects
Behavioral--somnolence (general depressed activity)
Reference
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. (V/O Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR) V.1-36, 1957-1992. For publisher information, see MTPEEI Volume(issue)/page/year: 31(12),53,1987

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