biphenyl-4-amine

CAS No. 92-67-1

Formula: C12H11N
Basic Info

4-Aminobiphenyl is an amine derivative of biphenyl. It is used to manufacture azo dyes. It is a known human carcinogen and so it has been largely replaced by less toxic compounds. It is similar to benzidine.

Formula
C12H11N
Molecular Weight
169.222
Exact Mass
169.089
LogP
3.517
PSA
26.02
Synonyms

[1,1‘-Biphenyl]-4-amine

4-Aminobiphenyl

4-phenylaniline

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
brownish yellow solid
Density
1.077g/cm3
Boiling Point
191ºC (15 mmHg)
Melting Point
52-54ºC
Flash Point
113ºC
Refractive Index
1.619
Stability
Stable, but slowly reacts with oxygen in the air. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, acids, acid anhydrides, acid chlorides.
Storage Condition
-20ºC Freezer
Safety Info
RTECS
DU8925000
Safety Statements
S53-S45
WGK Germany
3
Risk Statements
R45; R22
HS Code
2921499020
RIDADR
UN 3077
Hazard Class
6.1(a)
Packing Group
I
Hazard Codes
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 17, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 17, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name biphenyl-4-amine

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names [1,1‘-Biphenyl]-4-amine

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. 4-Aminobiphenyl is no longer manufactured commercially; it was used as a rubber antioxidant and a dye intermediate in the past.
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Acute toxicity - Oral, Category 4

Carcinogenicity, Category 1A

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H302 Harmful if swallowed

H350 May cause cancer

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P201 Obtain special instructions before use.

P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

Response

P301+P312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P330 Rinse mouth.

P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/ attention.

Storage

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
biphenyl-4-amine biphenyl-4-amine 92-67-1 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Exposure Routes: inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact Symptoms: Headache, dizziness; drowsiness, dyspnea (breathing difficulty); ataxia, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); methemoglobinemia; urinary burning; acute hemorrhagic cystitis; [potential occupational carcinogen] Target Organs: Bladder, skin (NIOSH, 2016)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR as necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Nitrates, Nitrites, and Related Compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media: Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

This chemical is probably combustible.

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES: Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures: Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. Environmental precautions: Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up: Pick up and arrange disposal without creating dust. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Separated from strong oxidants and acids. Well closed.Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

NIOSH considers 4-aminodiphenyl to be a potential occupational carcinogen.

NIOSH usually recommends that occupational exposures to carcinogens be limited to the lowest feasible concentration.

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state brownish yellow solid
Colour Colorless crystals
Odour Floral odor
Melting point/ freezing point 52-54ºC
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 191ºC (15 mmHg)
Flammability Combustible Solid, but must be preheated before ignition possible.Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 113ºC
Auto-ignition temperature 450°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility less than 0.1 mg/mL at 18.89°C
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 2.86 at pH 7.5
Vapour pressure 1 mm Hg at 108.33°C (NIOSH, 2016)
Density and/or relative density 1.077g/cm3
Relative vapour density 5.8 (Air = 1) at boiling point of 4-aminodiphenyl
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Slight to moderate when exposed to heat, flames, (sparks) or powerful oxidizers.4-AMINOBIPHENYL is a weak base. Incompatible with acids and acid anhydrides. Forms salts with hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid. Can be diazotized, acetylated and alkylated. . May react with strong oxidizing agents.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Incompatible materials: Strong oxidizing agents.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

Hazardous decomposition products formed under fire conditions - Carbon oxides, nitrogen oxides (NOx).

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 500 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

Sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in humans. Sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in animals. OVERALL EVALUATION: Group 1: The agent is carcinogenic to humans.

Reproductive toxicity

4-Aminobiphenyl has been shown to cross the placenta in humans and has been detected in fetal blood. No other information is available on the reproductive or developmental effects of 4-aminobiphenyl in humans or animals.

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: 4-Biphenylamine was 0-50% degraded at the end of a 28 day test period in a static biodegradability test in which 2 mg/L of the compound was seeded with sludge, mineral salts, 5 mg/l yeast, with 7-day static incubation followed by 3 weekly subcultures(1); this was considered as slowly degraded with acclimation under the conditions of this test system(1). In another static system procedure where a 1% solution of the chemical in an emulsifier was added to a bacterial suspension at a concentrations of 1 to 2 ppm, 4-biphenylamine was 50% degraded at the end an initial 7-day incubation period(2). Two analogous compounds, aniline (phenylamine) and biphenyl, were classified as readily biodegradable by the Japanese MITI test (OECD Guideline 301C)(3). Aniline and biphenyl, present at 100 mg/L, reached 85 and 66% of their respective theoretical BOD in 2 weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L in the Japanese MITI test(3).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 36 was calculated in fish for 4-biphenylamine(SRC), using a log Kow of 2.86(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is moderate(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

Using a structure estimation method based on molecular connectivity indices(1), the Koc of 4-biphenylamine can be estimated to be 2470(SRC). According to a classification scheme(2), this estimated Koc value suggests that 4-biphenylamine is expected to have slight mobility in soil. Aromatic amines are expected to bind strongly to humus or organic matter in soils due to the high reactivity of the aromatic amino group(3,4), suggesting that mobility may be lower in some soils(SRC).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN3077 IMDG: UN3077 IATA: UN3077

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S.
IMDG: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S.
IATA: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S.

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 9 IMDG: 9 IATA: 9

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: III IMDG: III IATA: III

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
biphenyl-4-amine biphenyl-4-amine 92-67-1 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 17, 2017
Revision Date Aug 17, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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  Material Safety Data Sheet

Section 1. Identification of the substance
    Product Name:      4-Aminobiphenyl    
    Synonyms:        Biphenyl-4-ylamine    

Section 2. Hazards identification
    Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin, and if swallowed.
    H302:        Harmful if swallowed    
    H350:        May cause cancer    
    P201:        Obtain special instructions before use    
    P308+P313:        IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention    

Section 3. Composition/information on ingredients.
    Ingredient name:        4-Aminobiphenyl    
    CAS number:        92-67-1    

Section 4. First aid measures
    Skin contact:        Immediately wash skin with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes while removing    
    contaminated clothing and shoes. If irritation persists, seek medical attention.
    Eye contact:        Immediately wash skin with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Assure adequate    
    flushing of the eyes by separating the eyelids with fingers. If irritation persists, seek medical
    attention.
    Inhalation:        Remove to fresh air. In severe cases or if symptoms persist, seek medical attention.    
    Ingestion:        Wash out mouth with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical attention.    

Section 5. Fire fighting measures
    In the event of a fire involving this material, alone or in combination with other materials, use dry
    powder or carbon dioxide extinguishers. Protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus
    should be worn.

Section 6. Accidental release measures
    Personal precautions: Wear suitable personal protective equipment which performs satisfactorily and meets local/state/national
    standards.
    Respiratory precaution:        Wear approved mask/respirator    
    Hand precaution:        Wear suitable gloves/gauntlets    
    Skin protection:        Wear suitable protective clothing    
    Eye protection:        Wear suitable eye protection    
    Methods for cleaning up: Mix with sand or similar inert absorbent material, sweep up and keep in a tightly closed container
    for disposal. See section 12.
    Environmental precautions: Do not allow material to enter drains or water courses.

Section 7. Handling and storage
    Handling:        This product should be handled only by, or under the close supervision of, those properly qualified    
    in the handling and use of potentially hazardous chemicals, who should take into account the fire,
    health and chemical hazard data given on this sheet.
    Storage:        Store in closed vessels.    

Section 8. Exposure Controls / Personal protection
    Engineering Controls: Use only in a chemical fume hood.
    Personal protective equipment: Wear laboratory clothing, chemical-resistant gloves and safety goggles.
    General hydiene measures: Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

Section 9. Physical and chemical properties
    Appearance:        Not specified    
    Boiling point:        No data    
    Melting point:        No data    
    Flash point:        No data    
    Density:        No data    
    Molecular formula:        C12 H11 N    
    Molecular weight:        169.2    

Section 10. Stability and reactivity
    Conditions to avoid: Heat, flames and sparks.
    Materials to avoid: Oxidizing agents.
    Possible hazardous combustion products: Carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides.

Section 11. Toxicological information
    No data.

Section 12. Ecological information
    No data.

Section 13. Disposal consideration
    Arrange disposal as special waste, by licensed disposal company, in consultation with local waste
    disposal authority, in accordance with national and regional regulations.

Section 14. Transportation information
    Non-harzardous for air and ground transportation.

Section 15. Regulatory information
    No chemicals in this material are subject to the reporting requirements of SARA Title III, Section
    302, or have known CAS numbers that exceed the threshold reporting levels established by SARA
    Title III, Section 313.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : Predict
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Synthesis Route
Toxicity
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
Exposure Route
Oral
Species Observed
Rodent - rat
Dose/Duration
500 mg/kg
Toxic Effects
Behavioral--coma<br>Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration--dyspnea<br>Nutritional and Gross Metabolic--weight loss or decreased weight gain
Reference
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. (Cambridge, MA) V.18-31, 1936-49. For publisher information, see AEHLAU. Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1,1947
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
Exposure Route
Oral
Species Observed
Rodent - mouse
Dose/Duration
205 mg/kg
Toxic Effects
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value--
Reference
European Journal of Cancer and Clinical Oncology. (Pergamon Press, c/o Elsevier Science, 660 White Plains Rd., Tarrytown, NY 10591) V.17(7)- 25, 1981-89. For publisher information, see EJCAEL Volume(issue)/page/year: 21,865,1985
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
Exposure Route
Intraperitoneal
Species Observed
Rodent - mouse
Dose/Duration
250 mg/kg
Toxic Effects
Behavioral--convulsions or effect on seizure threshold<br>Behavioral--ataxia<br>Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration--dyspnea
Reference
Summary Tables of Biological Tests, National Research Council Chemical-Biological Coordination Center. (National Academy of Science Library, 2101 Constitution Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20418) Volume(issue)/page/year: 6,54,1954

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