2-Hydroxypropanoic acid monoammonium salt

CAS No. 515-98-0

Formula: C3H9NO3
Basic Info

Ammonium lactate is a compound with formula NH4(C2H4(OH)COO). It is the ammonium salt of lactic acid. Has mild anti-bacterial properties.
It has E number "E328" and is the active ingredient of the skin lotions Amlactin and Lac-Hydrin.
Ammonium lactate is a mix of lactic acid and ammonium hydroxide. It is used as a skin moisturizer lotion to treat dry, scaly, itchy skin. Those who are using it should avoid exposure to sunlight or artificial UV rays, such as sunlamps or tanning beds. Ammonium lactate makes skin more sensitive to sunlight. Skin is more likely to sunburn. Use sunblock and wear clothes when exposed to sunlight.
According to LAC-HYDRIN brand ammonium lactate lotion by Ranbaxy, Inc: "...a long-term photocarcinogenicity study in hairless albino mice suggested that topically applied 12% ammonium lactate formulations enhanced the rate of ultraviolet light-induced skin tumor formation."

Formula
C3H9NO3
Molecular Weight
107.108
Exact Mass
107.058
LogP
-1.5067
PSA
60.36
Synonyms

CH(OH)CO2NH4

Ammonium lactate solution

Lac-hydrin (tn)

Ammoniumlaktat-Lung

AMMONIUM LACTATE

ammonium 3-hydroxypropionate

Lactic acid ammonium

Ammonium L-lactate

DL-lactic acid,ammonium lactate

DL-Milchsaeure,Ammoniumlactat

PURASAL(R) NH 70

Ammonium lactate (usan)

lactic acid ammonium salt

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
White solid or liquid. Has no odor.
Density
1.054 g/mL at 25 °C
Boiling Point
227.6ºC at 760mmHg
Melting Point
91-94ºC
Flash Point
109.9ºC
Refractive Index
n20/D 1.363
Storage Condition
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Safety Info
WGK Germany
-
HS Code
2923900090
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 14, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 14, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name 2-Hydroxypropanoic acid monoammonium salt

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names PURASAL(R) NH 70

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only.
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Not classified.

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s) No symbol.
Signal word

No signal word.

Hazard statement(s)

none

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

none

Response

none

Storage

none

Disposal

none

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
2-Hydroxypropanoic acid monoammonium salt 2-Hydroxypropanoic acid monoammonium salt 515-98-0 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.

In case of skin contact

Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.

In case of eye contact

Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.

If swallowed

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

no data available

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

no data available

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

no data available

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the environment must be avoided.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Pick up and arrange disposal. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state White solid or liquid. Has no odor.
Colour no data available
Odour no data available
Melting point/ freezing point 91-94ºC
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 227.6ºC at 760mmHg
Flammability no data available
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 109.9ºC
Auto-ignition temperature no data available
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility no data available
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
Vapour pressure no data available
Density and/or relative density 1.054 g/mL at 25 °C
Relative vapour density no data available
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

no data available

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

no data available

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

no data available

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: no data available
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

no data available

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

no data available

12.4 Mobility in soil

no data available

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: no data available IMDG: no data available IATA: no data available

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: no data available
IMDG: no data available
IATA: no data available

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: no data available IMDG: no data available IATA: no data available

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: no data available IMDG: no data available IATA: no data available

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
2-Hydroxypropanoic acid monoammonium salt 2-Hydroxypropanoic acid monoammonium salt 515-98-0 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Not Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 14, 2017
Revision Date Aug 14, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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Section 1. Chemical Product and Company Identification
    Ammonium Lactate, 70%        Catalog    
    Common Name/
    Number(s).
    Trade Name
    CAS#        Mixture.    
    Manufacturer
    RTECS        Not applicable.    
    SPECTRUM QUALITY PRODUCTS INC.
    TSCA        TSCA 8(b) inventory:    
    Ammonium lactate; Water
    Commercial Name(s)        Not available.    
    CI# Not available.
    Synonym        Not available.    
    IN CASE OF EMERGENCY
    Not applicable.
    Chemical Name
    Chemical Family        Not available.        CALL (310) 516-8000    
    Not applicable.
    Chemical Formula
    SPECTRUM QUALITY PRODUCTS INC.

Section 2.Composition and Information on Ingredients
    Exposure Limits
    TWA (mg/m3)        STEL (mg/m3) CEIL (mg/m3)    
    Name        CAS #        % by Weight    
    1) Ammonium lactate        515-98-0        70    
    2) Water        7732-18-5        30    
    Toxicological Data        Ammonium lactate    
    LD50: Not available.
    on Ingredients
    LC50: Not available.

Section 3. Hazards Identification
    Potential Acute Health Effects Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, permeator), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation.
    Non-corrosive for skin.
    Potential Chronic Health        Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, permeator), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation.    
    Non-corrosive for skin. Non-sensitizer for skin.
    Effects
    CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
    MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
    TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
    DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available.
    Ammonium Lactate, 70%

Section 4. First Aid Measures
    Eye Contact        Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at    
    least 15 minutes. Cold water may be used. Get medical attention.
    Skin Contact        In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Remove    
    contaminated clothing and shoes. Cold water may be used.Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes
    before reuse. Get medical attention.
    Serious Skin Contact        Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-bacterial cream. Seek medical    
    attention.
    Inhalation        If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get    
    medical attention.
    Serious Inhalation        Not available.    
    Ingestion        Do NOT induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an    
    unconscious person. If large quantities of this material are swallowed, call a physician immediately. Loosen tight
    clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband.
    Serious Ingestion        Not available.    

Section 5. Fire and Explosion Data
    Flammability of the Product Non-flammable.
    Auto-Ignition Temperature Not applicable.
    Flash Points        Not applicable.    
    Flammable Limits        Not applicable.    
    Products of Combustion        Not available.    
    Fire Hazards in Presence of Not applicable.
    Various Substances
    Explosion Hazards in Presence Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available.
    of Various Substances        Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not available.    
    Fire Fighting Media        Not applicable.    
    and Instructions
    Special Remarks on        Not available.    
    Fire Hazards
    Special Remarks on Explosion Not available.
    Hazards

Section 6. Accidental Release Measures
    Small Spill        Dilute with water and mop up, or absorb with an inert dry material and place in an appropriate waste disposal    
    container. Finish cleaning by spreading water on the contaminated surface and dispose of according to local and
    regional authority requirements.
    Large Spill        Absorb with an inert material and put the spilled material in an appropriate waste disposal. Finish cleaning by    
    spreading water on the contaminated surface and allow to evacuate through the sanitary system.
    Ammonium Lactate, 70%

Section 7. Handling and Storage
    Precautions        Do not breathe gas/fumes/ vapor/spray. Wear suitable protective clothing. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear    
    suitable respiratory equipment. If you feel unwell, seek medical attention and show the label when possible. Avoid
    contact with skin and eyes.
    Storage        Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area.    

Section 8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
    Engineering Controls        Provide exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep the airborne concentrations of vapors below their    
    respective threshold limit value.
    Personal Protection        Splash goggles. Lab coat. Vapor respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent.    
    Gloves.
    Personal Protection in Case of Splash goggles. Full suit. Vapor respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self contained breathing apparatus should be
    a Large Spill        used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist    
    BEFORE handling this product.
    Exposure Limits        Not available.    

Section 9. Physical and Chemical Properties
    Physical state and appearance Liquid.        Not available.    
    Odor
    Taste        Not available.    
    Molecular Weight        Not applicable.    
    Color        Not available.    
    pH (1% soln/water)        Neutral.    
    The lowest known value is 100°C (212°F) (Water).
    Boiling Point
    Melting Point        Not available.    
    Not available.
    Critical Temperature
    Specific Gravity        Weighted average: 1.13 (Water = 1)    
    Vapor Pressure        The highest known value is 2.3 kPa (@ 20°C) (Water).    
    The highest known value is 0.62 (Air = 1) (Water).
    Vapor Density
    Volatility        Not available.    
    Not available.
    Odor Threshold
    Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.        Not available.    
    Ionicity (in Water)        Not available.    
    Dispersion Properties        See solubility in water.    
    Solubility        Easily soluble in cold water.    

Section 10. Stability and Reactivity Data
    Stability        The product is stable.    
    Instability Temperature        Not available.    
    Conditions of Instability        Not available.    
    Not available.
    Incompatibility with various
    substances
    Non-corrosive in presence of glass.
    Corrosivity
    Ammonium Lactate, 70%
    Special Remarks on        Not available.    
    Reactivity
    Special Remarks on        Not available.    
    Corrosivity
    Polymerization        Will not occur.    

Section 11. Toxicological Information
    Routes of Entry        Dermal contact. Eye contact. Inhalation. Ingestion.    
    Toxicity to Animals        LD50: Not available.    
    LC50: Not available.
    Chronic Effects on Humans Not available.
    Other Toxic Effects on
    Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant, permeator), of ingestion, of inhalation.
    Humans
    Special Remarks on        Not available.    
    Toxicity to Animals
    Special Remarks on        Not available.    
    Chronic Effects on Humans
    Special Remarks on other        Not available.    
    Toxic Effects on Humans

Section 12. Ecological Information
    Ecotoxicity        Not available.    
    BOD5 and COD        Not available.    
    Products of Biodegradation        Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely. However, long term degradation products may    
    arise.
    Toxicity of the Products        The products of degradation are more toxic.    
    of Biodegradation
    Not available.
    Special Remarks on the
    Products of Biodegradation

Section 13. Disposal Considerations
    Waste Disposal

Section 14. Transport Information
    DOT Classification        Not a DOT controlled material (United States).    
    Identification        Not applicable.    
    Special Provisions for        Not applicable.    
    Transport
    DOT (Pictograms)
    Ammonium Lactate, 70%

Section 15. Other Regulatory Information and Pictograms
    TSCA 8(b) inventory: Ammonium lactate; Water
    Federal and State
    Regulations
    California
    Proposition 65
    Warnings
    Other Regulations        Not available. or of its ingredients    
    WHMIS (Canada) Not controlled under WHMIS (Canada).
    Other Classifications
    DSCL (EEC)        R36/38- Irritating to eyes and skin.    
    Health Hazard
    HMIS (U.S.A.)        2 National Fire Protection    
    0 Flammability
    0 Association (U.S.A.)
    Fire Hazard
    2 0 Reactivity
    Health
    Reactivity
    0
    Specific hazard
    Personal Protection
    h
    WHMIS (Canada)
    (Pictograms)
    DSCL (Europe)
    (Pictograms)
    TDG (Canada)
    (Pictograms)
    ADR (Europe)
    (Pictograms)
    Protective Equipment
    Gloves.
    Lab coat.
    Vapor respirator. Be sure to use an
    approved/certified respirator or
    equivalent.
    Splash goggles.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : Predict
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