malononitrile

CAS No. 109-77-3

Formula: C3H2N2
Basic Info

Malononitrile, also propanedinitrile, is a nitrile with the formula CH2(CN)2. Malononitrile is relatively acidic, with a pKa of 11 in water. This allows it to be used in the Knoevenagel condensation, for example in the preparation of CS gas. In related chemistry, malononitrile is a suitable starting material for the Gewald reaction, where the nitrile condenses with a ketone or aldehyde in the presence of elemental sulfur and a base to produce a 2-aminothiophene.

Formula
C3H2N2
Molecular Weight
66.0614
Exact Mass
66.0218
LogP
0.42366
PSA
47.58
Synonyms

Propanedinitrile

Malononitrile

Methylene Dicyanide

Dicyanomethane

Malonitrile

Methylene Cyanide

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
Solidified melt
Density
1.049
Boiling Point
220ºC
Melting Point
30-34ºC
Flash Point
112ºC
Refractive Index
1.415
Water Solubility
13.3 g/100 mL (20 ºC)
Storage Condition
2-8ºC
Vapor Pressure
0.125mmHg at 25°C
Safety Info
RTECS
OO3150000
Safety Statements
S23-S27-S45-S60-S61
WGK Germany
3
Risk Statements
R23/24/25; R50/53
HS Code
2926909090
RIDADR
UN 2647
Hazard Class
6.1
Packing Group
II
Hazard Codes
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 13, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 13, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name malononitrile

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Propanedinitrile

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Intermediates
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Acute toxicity - Oral, Category 3

Acute toxicity - Dermal, Category 3

Acute toxicity - Inhalation, Category 3

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, short-term (Acute) - Category Acute 1

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term (Chronic) - Category Chronic 1

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H301 Toxic if swallowed

H311 Toxic in contact with skin

H331 Toxic if inhaled

H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

Response

P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P330 Rinse mouth.

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P361+P364 Take off immediately all contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P311 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

P391 Collect spillage.

Storage

P405 Store locked up.

P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
malononitrile malononitrile 109-77-3 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. Half-upright position.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention .

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Metabolized by body to cyanide and thiocyanate; effects of inhalation of toxic fumes will be related to cyanide. Causes brain and heart damage related to lack of cellular oxygen. It is classified as extremely toxic. Probable oral lethal dose for humans is 5-50 mg/kg, or between 7 drops and 1 teaspoonful, for a 70 kg (150 lb.) person. (EPA, 1998)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Rapid support of respiration and circulation is essential to successful treatment of cyanide intoxication. Massive cyanide overdoses have survived with only good supportive care. Immediate attention should be directed toward assisted ventilation, administration of 100% oxygen, insertion of intravenous lines, and institution of cardiac monitoring. Obtain an arterial blood gas immediately and correct any severe metabolic acidosis (pH below 7.15). Oxygen (100%) should be used routinely in moderate or severely symptomatic patients even in the presence of a normal pO2, since 100% O2 increases O2 delivery, may reactivate cyanide-inhibited mitochondrial enzymes, and potentiates the effect of thiosulfate. Avoid mouth to mouth resuscitation during CPR in order to prevent self poisoning. /Cyanides/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

To fight fire, use water, fog, spray, foam.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

When heated to decomposition, malononitrile emits highly toxic fumes (cyanide). May polymerize violently on prolonged heating. Avoid heat. Hazardous polymerization may occur, at prolonged heating at 266F or contact with strong bases at lower temperatures. (EPA, 1998)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Remove all ignition sources. Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Vacuum spilled material with specialist equipment. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Pick up and arrange disposal. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Cool. Separated from strong bases and food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hr Time-Weighted avg: 3 ppm (8 mg/cu m).

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state Solidified melt
Colour Colorless solid
Odour no data available
Melting point/ freezing point 30-34ºC
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 220ºC
Flammability Combustible SolidCombustible.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 112ºC
Auto-ignition temperature no data available
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility In water:13.3 g/100 mL (20 ºC)
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = -0.60
Vapour pressure 0.125mmHg at 25°C
Density and/or relative density 1.049
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.3
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

The stability of the molten nitrile decreases with increasing temperature and decreasing purity, but no violent decomposition at below 100°C has been recorded.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Combustible when exposed to heat or flame.MALONONITRILE is a white, low-melting powder (m. p. 30.5° C), toxic, combustible. Violent polymerization on contact with strong bases (sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide) or when heated above 130° C. When stored at 70-80° C for 2 months, spontaneous explosion (decomposition) occurred [Bretherick, 5th ed., 1995, p. 394].

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Strong bases [Note: May polymerize violently on prolonged heating at 265 degrees F, or in contact with strong bases at lower temperatures].

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx and CN- /nitrogen oxides and cyanides/.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Mouse oral 19 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50 Rainbow trout 1.6 mg/l/96 hr /Conditions of bioassay not specified
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: Nitriles are biodegraded by enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis to ultimately form carboxylic acids and ammonia(1,2). Thus, malononitrile may biodegrade in the environment(SRC).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 3 was calculated for malononitrile(SRC), using a log Kow of -0.60(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

The Koc of malononitrile is estimated as 11(SRC), using a measured log Kow of -0.60(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this estimated Koc value suggests that malononitrile is expected to have very high mobility in soil(SRC).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN2647 IMDG: UN2647 IATA: UN2647

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: MALONONITRILE
IMDG: MALONONITRILE
IATA: MALONONITRILE

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 6.1 IMDG: 6.1 IATA: 6.1

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: yes IMDG: yes IATA: yes

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
malononitrile malononitrile 109-77-3 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 13, 2017
Revision Date Aug 13, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking
  Product identifiers
    Product name        : Malononitrile    
    REACH No.        : A registration number is not available for this substance as the substance    
    or its uses are exempted from registration, the annual tonnage does not
    require a registration or the registration is envisaged for a later
    registration deadline.
    CAS-No.        : 109-77-3    
  Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against
    Identified uses        : Laboratory chemicals, Manufacture of substances    
  
  

SECTION 2: Hazards identification
  Classification of the substance or mixture
  Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 1), H400
    Chronic aquatic toxicity (Category 1), H410
    Acute toxicity, Inhalation (Category 3), H331
    Acute toxicity, Dermal (Category 3), H311
    Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 3), H301
    For the full text of the H-Statements mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
  Classification according to EU Directives 67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC
    N Dangerous for the        R50/53    
    environment
    T Toxic        R23/24/25    
    For the full text of the R-phrases mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
  Label elements
  Labelling according Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Pictogram
    Signal word        Danger    
    Hazard statement(s)
    H301        Toxic if swallowed.    
    H311        Toxic in contact with skin.    
    H331        Toxic if inhaled.    
    H410        Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.    
    Precautionary statement(s)
    P261        Avoid breathing dust/ fume/ gas/ mist/ vapours/ spray.    
    P273        Avoid release to the environment.    
    P280        Wear protective gloves/ protective clothing.    
    P301 + P310        IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/    
    physician.
    P311        Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/ physician.    
    P501        Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.    
    Supplemental Hazard        none    
    Statements
  Other hazards - none

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients
  Substances
    Synonyms        : Dicyanomethane    
    Formula        : C3H2N2    
    Molecular Weight        : 66,06 g/mol    
    CAS-No.        : 109-77-3    
    EC-No.        : 203-703-2    
    Index-No.        : 608-009-00-7    
  Hazardous ingredients according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Component        Classification        Concentration    
  Malononitrile
    CAS-No.        109-77-3        Acute Tox. 3; Aquatic Acute 1; <= 100 %    
    EC-No.        203-703-2        Aquatic Chronic 1; H301 +    
    Index-No.        608-009-00-7        H311 + H331, H410    
  Hazardous ingredients according to Directive 1999/45/EC
    Component        Classification        Concentration    
  Malononitrile
    CAS-No.        109-77-3        T, N, R23/24/25 - R50/53        <= 100 %    
    EC-No.        203-703-2    
    Index-No.        608-009-00-7    
    For the full text of the H-Statements and R-Phrases mentioned in this Section, see Section 16

SECTION 4: First aid measures
  Description of first aid measures
  General advice
    Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
  If inhaled
    If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.
  In case of skin contact
    Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Take victim immediately to hospital. Consult a physician.
  In case of eye contact
    Flush eyes with water as a precaution.
  If swallowed
    Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.
  Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
    The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling (see section 2.2) and/or in
    section 11
  Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
    no data available

SECTION 5: Firefighting measures
  Extinguishing media
  Suitable extinguishing media
    Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
  Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
    Carbon oxides, nitrogen oxides (NOx)
  Advice for firefighters
    Wear self contained breathing apparatus for fire fighting if necessary.
  Further information
    no data available

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures
  Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
    Wear respiratory protection. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure
    adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust.
    For personal protection see section 8.
  Environmental precautions
    Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the
    environment must be avoided.
  Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up
    Pick up and arrange disposal without creating dust. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed
    containers for disposal.
  Reference to other sections
    For disposal see section 13.

SECTION 7: Handling and storage
  Precautions for safe handling
    Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols.
    Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed.
    For precautions see section 2.2.
  Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
    Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.
  Specific end use(s)
    Apart from the uses mentioned in section 1.2 no other specific uses are stipulated

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection
  Control parameters
  Components with workplace control parameters
  Exposure controls
  Appropriate engineering controls
    Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Wash hands before breaks and immediately after handling
    the product.
  Personal protective equipment
  Eye/face protection
    Face shield and safety glasses Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under
    appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).
  Skin protection
    Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique
    (without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of
    contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices.
    Wash and dry hands.
    The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and
    the standard EN 374 derived from it.
    Full contact
    Material: Nature latex/chloroprene
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,6 mm
    Break through time: 480 min
    Material tested:Lapren® (KCL 706 / Z677558, Size M)
    Splash contact
    Material: Nitrile rubber
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,11 mm
    Break through time: 30 min
    Material tested:Dermatril® (KCL 740 / Z677272, Size M)
    data source: KCL GmbH, D-36124 Eichenzell, phone +49 (0)6659 87300     test method: EN374
    If used in solution, or mixed with other substances, and under conditions which differ from EN 374,
    contact the supplier of the CE approved gloves. This recommendation is advisory only and must
    be evaluated by an industrial hygienist and safety officer familiar with the specific situation of
    anticipated use by our customers. It should not be construed as offering an approval for any
    specific use scenario.
  Body Protection
    Complete suit protecting against chemicals, The type of protective equipment must be selected
    according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace.
  Respiratory protection
    Where risk assessment shows air-purifying respirators are appropriate use a full-face particle
    respirator type N100 (US) or type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges as a backup to engineering
    controls. If the respirator is the sole means of protection, use a full-face supplied air respirator. Use
    respirators and components tested and approved under appropriate government standards such
    as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).
  Control of environmental exposure
    Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into
    the environment must be avoided.

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties
  Information on basic physical and chemical properties
    a) Appearance        Form: solid    
    Colour: white, yellow, orange, beige
    b) Odour        no data available    
    c) Odour Threshold        no data available    
    d) pH        no data available    
    e) Melting point/freezing        Melting point/range: 30 - 32 °C - lit.    
    point
    f) Initial boiling point and 220 °C - lit.
    boiling range
    g) Flash point        86 °C - closed cup    
    h) Evapouration rate        no data available    
    i) Flammability (solid, gas) no data available
    j) Upper/lower        no data available    
    flammability or
    explosive limits
    k) Vapour pressure        no data available    
    l) Vapour density        no data available    
    m) Relative density        1,049 g/cm3 at 25 °C    
    n) Water solubility        no data available    
    o) Partition coefficient: n- no data available
    octanol/water
    p) Auto-ignition        no data available    
    temperature
    q) Decomposition        no data available    
    temperature
    r) Viscosity        no data available    
    s) Explosive properties        no data available    
    t) Oxidizing properties        no data available    
  Other safety information
    no data available

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity
  Reactivity
    no data available
  Chemical stability
    Stable under recommended storage conditions.
  Possibility of hazardous reactions
    no data available
  Conditions to avoid
    Do not heat over: 130°C
  Incompatible materials
    Strong oxidizing agents, Strong acids, Strong bases, Strong reducing agents
  Hazardous decomposition products
    Other decomposition products - no data available
    In the event of fire: see section 5

SECTION 11: Toxicological information
  Information on toxicological effects
  Acute toxicity
    LD50 Oral - mouse - 19 mg/kg
    LD50 Dermal - rat - 350 mg/kg
    Remarks: Behavioral:Convulsions or effect on seizure threshold. Behavioral:Excitement.
  Skin corrosion/irritation
    Skin - rabbit
    Result: Mild skin irritation - 4 h
  Serious eye damage/eye irritation
    no data available
  Respiratory or skin sensitisation
    no data available
  Germ cell mutagenicity
    Result: Not mutagenic in Ames Test.
    Histidine reversion (Ames)
  Carcinogenicity
    IARC:        No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as    
    probable, possible or confirmed human carcinogen by IARC.
  Reproductive toxicity
    no data available
  Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure
    no data available
  Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure
    no data available
  Aspiration hazard
    no data available
  Additional Information
    RTECS: OO3150000
    May be partially metabolized to cyanide in the body., The onset of symptoms is generally delayed pending
    conversion to cyanide., Headache, Dizziness, Convulsions, Cyanosis, Irregular breathing., Lung irritation,
    Central nervous system depression

SECTION 12: Ecological information
  Toxicity
    Toxicity to fish        LC50 - Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) - 0,51 mg/l - 96,0 h    
    Toxicity to daphnia and EC50 - Daphnia magna (Water flea) - 21,4 mg/l - 24 h
    other aquatic
    invertebrates
  Persistence and degradability
    no data available
  Bioaccumulative potential
    no data available
  Mobility in soil
    no data available
  Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
    PBT/vPvB assessment not available as chemical safety assessment not required/not conducted
  Other adverse effects
    Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations
  Waste treatment methods
  Product
    Offer surplus and non-recyclable solutions to a licensed disposal company. Dissolve or mix the material
    with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber.
  Contaminated packaging
    Dispose of as unused product.

SECTION 14: Transport information
  UN number
    ADR/RID: 2647        IMDG: 2647        IATA: 2647    
  UN proper shipping name
    ADR/RID: MALONONITRILE
    IMDG: MALONITRILE
    IATA:        Malononitrile    
  Transport hazard class(es)
    ADR/RID: 6.1        IMDG: 6.1        IATA: 6.1    
  Packaging group
    ADR/RID: II        IMDG: II        IATA: II    
  Environmental hazards
    ADR/RID: yes        IMDG Marine pollutant: yes        IATA: no    
  Special precautions for user
    no data available

SECTION 15: Regulatory information
    This safety datasheet complies with the requirements of Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006.
  Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
    no data available
  Chemical Safety Assessment
    For this product a chemical safety assessment was not carried out

SECTION 16: Other information
  Full text of H-Statements referred to under sections 2 and 3.
    Acute Tox.        Acute toxicity    
    Aquatic Acute        Acute aquatic toxicity    
    Aquatic Chronic        Chronic aquatic toxicity    
    H301        Toxic if swallowed.    
    H301 + H311 +        Toxic if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaled    
    H331
    H311        Toxic in contact with skin.    
  Full text of R-phrases referred to under sections 2 and 3
    N        Dangerous for the environment    
    T        Toxic    
    R23/24/25        Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.    
    R50/53        Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic    
    environment.
  Further information
    Copyright 2014 Co. LLC. License granted to make unlimited paper copies for internal use
    only.
    The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be
    used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge
    and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any
    guarantee of the properties of the product. Corporation and its Affiliates shall not be held
    liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See
     and/or the reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale.
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : parameter in CDCl3
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IR Spectrum IR : liquid film
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Mass Spectrum Mass
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