glyceric acid

CAS No. 473-81-4

Formula: C3H6O4
Basic Info

Glyceric acid is a natural three-carbon sugar acid. Salts and esters of glyceric acid are known as glycerates.
glycerol after reacting with gym-an oxygen giving reagent (such as KMnO4+H2SO4) produced glyceric acid.
KMnO4+3H2SO4=K2SO4+3H20+5[O] CH2OH-CHOH-CH2OH+[O]=CH2OH-CHOH-COOH+H2O

Formula
C3H6O4
Molecular Weight
106.077
Exact Mass
106.027
LogP
-1.5758
PSA
77.76
Synonyms

DL-2,3-Dihydroxypropionic Acid

DL-Glyceric Acid

Propanoic acid, 2,3-dihydroxy-

2,3-Dihydroxypropanoic acid

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Properties
Density
1.558g/cm3
Boiling Point
412ºC at 760 mmHg
Melting Point
<25ºC
Flash Point
217.1ºC
Refractive Index
1.515
Vapor Pressure
1.65E-08mmHg at 25°C
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 18, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 18, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name glyceric acid

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names DL-2,3-Dihydroxypropionic Acid

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only.
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

no data available

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s) no data available
Signal word

no data available

Hazard statement(s)

no data available

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

no data available

Response

no data available

Storage

no data available

Disposal

no data available

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

no data available

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
glyceric acid glyceric acid 473-81-4 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.

In case of skin contact

Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.

In case of eye contact

Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.

If swallowed

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

no data available

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

no data available

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

no data available

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the environment must be avoided.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Pick up and arrange disposal. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state Liquid
Colour no data available
Odour no data available
Melting point/ freezing point <25ºC
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 412ºC at 760 mmHg
Flammability no data available
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 217.1ºC
Auto-ignition temperature no data available
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility 1000.0 mg/mL
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
Vapour pressure 1.65E-08mmHg at 25°C
Density and/or relative density 1.558g/cm3
Relative vapour density no data available
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

no data available

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

no data available

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

no data available

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: no data available
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

no data available

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

no data available

12.4 Mobility in soil

no data available

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: no data available IMDG: no data available IATA: no data available

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: no data available
IMDG: no data available
IATA: no data available

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: no data available IMDG: no data available IATA: no data available

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: no data available IMDG: no data available IATA: no data available

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
glyceric acid glyceric acid 473-81-4 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Not Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Not Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 18, 2017
Revision Date Aug 18, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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Section I.Chemical Product and Company Identification
    Chemical Name DL-Glyceric Acid (20% in Water, ca. 2mol/L)
    Portland OR
    Synonym        Propanoic acid, 2,3-dihydroxy- (CA INDEX);    
    DL-2,3-Dihydroxypropionic Acid
    Chemical Formula        C3H6O4    
    H2O (Water)
    CAS Number        600-19-1    
    7732-18-5 (Water)

Section II.        Composition and Information on Ingredients    
    CAS Number Percent (%)        TLV/PEL        Toxicology Data    
    Chemical Name
    DL-Glyceric Acid (20% in Water, ca. 2mol/L)        Min. 40.0-45.0 Not available.        Rat LD50 (oral) 90 ml/kg    
    600-19-1
    (Water)        Rat LD50 (oral) >90 ml/kg (Water)    
    7732-18-5
    Mouse LD50 (intraperitoneal) 190
    (Water)        Min. 55.0-60.0    
    gm/kg (Water)
    Mouse LD50 (intravenous) 25 mg/kg
    (Water)

Section III. Hazards Identification
    Acute Health Effects        Irritating to eyes and skin on contact. Inhalation causes irritation of the lungs and respiratory system. Inflammation of the    
    eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or,
    occasionally, blistering. Follow safe industrial hygiene practices and always wear proper protective equipment when handling
    this compound.
    CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS : Not available.
    Chronic Health Effects
    MUTAGENIC EFFECTS : Not available.
    TERATOGENIC EFFECTS : Not available.
    DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available.
    Repeated or prolonged exposure to this compound is not known to aggravate existing medical conditions.

Section IV.        First Aid Measures    
    Eye Contact        Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15    
    minutes. Get medical attention.
    Skin Contact        In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing    
    before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention.
    Inhalation        If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or    
    waistband. If breathing is difficult, oxygen can be administered. Seek medical attention if respiration problems do not
    improve.
    INDUCE VOMITING by sticking finger in throat. Lower the head so that the vomit will not reenter the mouth and throat.
    Ingestion
    Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth
    resuscitation. Examine the lips and mouth to ascertain whether the tissues are damaged, a possible indication that the toxic
    material was ingested; the absence of such signs, however, is not conclusive.

Section V.        Fire and Explosion Data    
    Not available.
    Flammability        Combustible.        Auto-Ignition    
    Flash Points        Flammable Limits        Not available.    
    Not available.
    Combustion Products        These products are toxic carbon oxides (CO, CO2).    
    Fire Hazards
    Not available.
    Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available.
    Explosion Hazards
    Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not available.
    Fire Fighting Media        Combustible.    
    SMALL FIRE: Use DRY chemical powder.
    and Instructions
    LARGE FIRE: Use water spray, fog or foam. DO NOT use water jet.
    Consult with local fire authorities before attempting large scale fire-fighting operations.
    Continued on Next Page
    DL-Glyceric Acid (20% in Water, ca. 2mol/L)

Section VI.        Accidental Release Measures    
    Spill Cleanup        Combustible material. Irritating material.    
    Absorb with an inert material and put the spilled material in an appropriate waste disposal. Finish cleaning the spill by rinsing
    Instructions
    any contaminated surfaces with copious amounts of water. Consult federal, state, and/or local authorities for assistance on
    disposal.

Section VII. Handling and Storage
    COMBUSTIBLE. IRRITANT. Keep away from heat. Mechanical exhaust required. When not in use, tightly seal the container
    Handling and Storage
    and store in a dry, cool place. Avoid excessive heat and light. Do not breathe gas/fumes/ vapor/spray.
    Information
    Always store away from incompatible compounds such as oxidizing agents.

Section VIII. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
    Provide exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep the airborne concentrations of vapors below their respective
    Engineering Controls
    threshold limit value. Ensure that eyewash station and safety shower is proximal to the work-station location.
    Splash goggles. Lab coat. Vapor respirator. Gloves. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a
    Personal Protection
    specialist BEFORE handling this product. Be sure to use a MSHA/NIOSH approved respirator or equivalent.
    Exposure Limits        Not available.    

Section IX. Physical and Chemical Properties
    Liquid. (Colorless~reddish-yellow clear        Solubility    
    Physical state @ 20°C        Soluble in: Cold water, Hot water.    
    (viscous))
    1.22 (water=1)
    Specific Gravity
    1.0 (Water)
    Molecular Weight        106.08        Partition Coefficient        Not available.    
    18.02 (Water)
    Boiling Point        100°C (212°F) @ 760 mmHg (Water)        Vapor Pressure        Not available.    
    Not available.        Not available.    
    Melting Point        Vapor Density    
    Refractive Index        1.333 (Water)        Volatility        Not available.    
    Critical Temperature        Not available.        Odor        Not available.    
    Not available.        Not available.    
    Viscosity        Taste    

Section X.        Stability and Reactivity Data    

This material is stable if stored under proper conditions. (See Section VII for instructions)
    Stability
    Conditions of Instability        Avoid excessive heat and light.    
    Incompatibilities
    Reactive with oxidizing agents.

Section XI. Toxicological Information
    ZC0110000 (Water)
    RTECS Number
    Eye Contact. Ingestion. Inhalation.
    Routes of Exposure
    Rat LD50 (oral) 90 ml/kg
    Toxicity Data
    Rat LD50 (oral) >90 ml/kg (Water)
    Mouse LD50 (intraperitoneal) 190 gm/kg (Water)
    Mouse LD50 (intravenous) 25 mg/kg (Water)
    Chronic Toxic Effects        CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS : Not available.    
    MUTAGENIC EFFECTS : Not available.
    TERATOGENIC EFFECTS : Not available.
    DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available.
    Repeated or prolonged exposure to this compound is not known to aggravate existing medical conditions.
    Irritating to eyes and skin on contact. Inhalation causes irritation of the lungs and respiratory system. Inflammation of the eye
    Acute Toxic Effects
    is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or,
    occasionally, blistering. Follow safe industrial hygiene practices and always wear proper protective equipment when handling
    this compound.
    Continued on Next Page
    DL-Glyceric Acid (20% in Water, ca. 2mol/L)

Section XII.        Ecological Information    
    Ecotoxicity        Not available.    
    Not available.
    Environmental Fate

Section XIII. Disposal Considerations
    Recycle to process, if possible. Consult your local regional authorities. You may be able to dissolve or mix material with a
    Waste Disposal
    combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber system. Observe all
    federal, state and local regulations when disposing of the substance.

Section XIV. Transport Information
    DOT Classification        Not a DOT controlled material (United States).    
    Not applicable.
    PIN Number
    Proper Shipping Name        Not applicable.    
    Not applicable.
    Packing Group (PG)
    DOT Pictograms

Section XV. Other Regulatory Information and Pictograms
    TSCA Chemical Inventory        This product is NOT on the EPA Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) inventory. The following notices are required by 40    
    CFR 720.36 (C) for those products not on the inventory list:
    (EPA)
    (i) These products are supplied solely for use in research and development by or under the supervision of a technically
    qualified individual as defined in 40 CFR 720.0 et sec.
    (ii) The health risks of these products have not been fully determined. Any information that is or becomes available will be
    supplied on an MSDS sheet.
    This compound is ON the EPA Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) inventory list. (Water)
    WHMIS Classification        On NDSL.    
    On DSL. (Water)
    (Canada)
    EINECS Number (EEC)        207-472-9    
    231-791-2 (Water)
    EEC Risk Statements        R36/37/38- Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.    


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : Predict
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