120-61-6 structure, C10H10O4

Dimethyl terephthalate

CAS No.

120-61-6

Formula:

C10H10O4

Basic Info

Dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) is an organic compound with the formula C6H4(CO2CH3)2. It is the diester formed from terephthalic acid and methanol. It is a white solid that melts to give a distillable colourless liquid.

Formula
C10H10O4
Molecular Weight
194.184
Exact Mass
194.058
LogP
1.2598
PSA
52.6
Synonyms

1,4-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, dimethyl ester

Terephthalic Acid Dimethyl Ester

DiMethyl Terephthalate

dimethyl benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate

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Properties

Appearance & Physical State
white chunks
Density
1.29
Boiling Point
288ºC
Melting Point
140-143ºC
Flash Point
154ºC
Refractive Index
1.4752
Stability
Stable. Incompatible with strong acids, strong bases, strong oxidizing agents.
Vapor Density
1.04 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
1.15 mm Hg ( 93 °C)

Safety Info

RTECS
WZ1225000
Safety Statements
S24/25
WGK Germany
1
Risk Statements
R36/37/38
RIDADR
3256

MSDS

SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name Dimethyl terephthalate

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names 1,4-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, dimethyl ester

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Intermediates
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Not classified.

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s) No symbol.
Signal word

No signal word.

Hazard statement(s)

none

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

none

Response

none

Storage

none

Disposal

none

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
Dimethyl terephthalate Dimethyl terephthalate 120-61-6 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest.

In case of skin contact

Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Molten DMT will cause severe burns of skin on contact. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Call for medical aid. ... Move victim to fresh air. ... Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Flush affected areas with plenty of water. If swallowed and victim is conscious, have victim drink water, or milk.

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Extinguish with water, dry chemicals, foam, or carbon dioxide.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

This chemical is combustible.

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered sealable containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Pick up and arrange disposal. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Store in an area without drain or sewer access.Dimethyl terephthalate is stored molten in insulated heated tanks, and is perferentially shipped molten in insulated rail tank cars or tank trucks. It is also solidified into briquettes or flakes, and shipped in 1 ton or 25 kg bags.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state white chunks
Colour Colorlesss crystals
Odour no data available
Melting point/ freezing point 214°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 127°C/4mmHg(lit.)
Flammability Combustible.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 113°C(lit.)
Auto-ignition temperature 570°C (USCG, 1999)
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity Liquid viscosity = 1.0682X10-3 Pa.s
Solubility less than 1 mg/mL at 12.78°C
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 2.25
Vapour pressure 1.15 mm Hg ( 93 °C)
Density and/or relative density 1.29
Relative vapour density 1.04 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air.DIMETHYL TEREPHTHALATE is an ester. Esters react with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated by the interaction of esters with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing esters with alkali metals and hydrides. Can generate electrostatic charges. [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980. p. 250]. This compound is sensitive to heat. The molten material reacts with water due to the temperature. This compound is incompatible with strong oxidizers, strong acids and strong bases.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

The polymer /produced from DMT/ had been produced for 12 yr by transesterification under nitrogen of the dimethyl ester with ethylene glycol at 250°C in presence of titanium butoxide catalyst. After incr the heating capacity of the vessel from a half coil to a full coil, 3 incidents of ignition of vapor after opening the vessel were noted. This is attributed to formation and ignition of mixtures of acetaldehyde or dioxane with ingressing air on the hot vessel surfaces.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 4390 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50 Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) 9.6 mg/L/96 hr, static
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: LC50 Daphnia magna (water flea) 30.4 mg/L/48 hr /Conditions of bioassay not specified in source examined
  • Toxicity to algae: EC50 Scenedesmus subspicatus (algae) 27.6 mg/L/72 hr; Conditions: pH 7.7-9.1; Effect: biomass /Purity 99.99%
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: Dimethyl terephthalate, present at 100 mg/L, reached 84% of its theoretical BOD in two weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L in the Japanese MITI test(1). A 3 day river die-away test using 50, 40, and 5 ppm dimethyl terephthalate resulted in 100% biodegradation in all three tests of river water, and 27, 38, and 49% biodegradation, respectively, in the three tests of sea water(2). Dimethyl terephthalate, at a concentration of 0.5%, degraded completely in 15 days at 30°C in soil with a pH of 8.2 and 60% moisture content(3). The microbe Rhodococcus ruber 2B, isolated from sewage treatment facilities, was shown to accelerate the rate of degradation; terephthalate monoesters and terephthalic acid were identified as metabolites(3).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 11 was calculated in fish for dimethyl terephthlate(SRC), using a log Kow of 2.25(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

The Koc of dimethyl terephthalate is estimated as 400(SRC), using a log Kow of 2.25(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this estimated Koc value suggests that dimethyl terephthalate is expected to have moderate mobility in soil.

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1759 IMDG: UN1759 IATA: UN1759

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: CORROSIVE SOLID, N.O.S.
IMDG: CORROSIVE SOLID, N.O.S.
IATA: CORROSIVE SOLID, N.O.S.

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 8 IMDG: 8 IATA: 8

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: III IMDG: III IATA: III

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
Dimethyl terephthalate Dimethyl terephthalate 120-61-6 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 10, 2017
Revision Date Aug 10, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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Name: Dimethyl Terephthalate 99% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: D.M.T
CAS: 120-61-6
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Dimethyl Terephthalate 99% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:D.M.T

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
120-61-6 Dimethyl Terephthalate 99 204-411-8
Hazard Symbols: None Listed.
Risk Phrases: None Listed.

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Cancer suspect agent.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye irritation.
Skin:
May cause skin irritation. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material.
Ingestion:
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Inhalation:
May cause narcotic effects in high concentration. Inhalation of dust may cause respiratory tract irritation.
Chronic:
Not available.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Get medical aid immediately. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Ingestion:
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Dusts at sufficient concentrations can form explosive mixtures with air. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water fog, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or regular foam.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well-ventilated area. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Storage:
Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits CAS# 120-61-6: Russia: 0.1 mg/m3 TWA Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Crystals
Color: white
Odor: None reported.
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 0.00106 mm Hg @25 deg C
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 288 deg C @ 760.00mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point: 140.00 - 142.00 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 555 deg C ( 1,031.00 deg F)
Flash Point: 146 deg C ( 294.80 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: .80 vol %
Explosion Limits, upper: 11.80 vol %
Decomposition Temperature: >400 deg C
Solubility in water: soluble in ether and hot alcohol
Specific Gravity/Density:
Molecular Formula: C10H10O4
Molecular Weight: 194.19

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Finely powdered ester is significant dust explosion hazard.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, strong oxidants.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, nitrates.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 120-61-6: WZ1225000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 120-61-6: Dermal, guinea pig: LD50 = >5 gm/kg; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 500 mg/24H Mild; Oral, rat: LD50 = >3200 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Dimethyl Terephthalate - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Other No information available.

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Not regulated as a hazardous material.
IMO
Not regulated as a hazardous material.
RID/ADR
Not regulated as a hazardous material.

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: Not available.
Risk Phrases:
Safety Phrases:
S 24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 120-61-6: 1
Canada
CAS# 120-61-6 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 120-61-6 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 120-61-6 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

Spectrum

NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : Predict
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Analysis Methods

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal
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Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
Ultra-1
Retention index
1461.
Temperature Control
125.
Method
isothermal
Comments
25. m/0.20 mm/0.32 μm, N2
Reference
Herrmann, F.Dufka, O.Churacek, J.Fused-Silica Capillary Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry of Some Dicarboxylic Acids Present in Condensation-Type Polymers I. Dimethyl EstersJ. Chromatogr.1986, 360, 79-88.
Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal
expand collapse
Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
Ultra-1
Retention index
1470.
Temperature Control
150.
Method
isothermal
Comments
25. m/0.20 mm/0.32 μm, N2
Reference
Herrmann, F.Dufka, O.Churacek, J.Fused-Silica Capillary Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry of Some Dicarboxylic Acids Present in Condensation-Type Polymers I. Dimethyl EstersJ. Chromatogr.1986, 360, 79-88.
Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal
expand collapse
Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
Ultra-1
Retention index
1480.
Temperature Control
175.
Method
isothermal
Comments
25. m/0.20 mm/0.32 μm, N2
Reference
Herrmann, F.Dufka, O.Churacek, J.Fused-Silica Capillary Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry of Some Dicarboxylic Acids Present in Condensation-Type Polymers I. Dimethyl EstersJ. Chromatogr.1986, 360, 79-88.
Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal
expand collapse
Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
Ultra-1
Retention index
1492.
Temperature Control
200.
Method
isothermal
Comments
25. m/0.20 mm/0.32 μm, N2
Reference
Herrmann, F.Dufka, O.Churacek, J.Fused-Silica Capillary Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry of Some Dicarboxylic Acids Present in Condensation-Type Polymers I. Dimethyl EstersJ. Chromatogr.1986, 360, 79-88.
Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal
expand collapse
Column Shape
Packed
Active Phase(℃)
OV-1
Retention index
1468.
Temperature Control
150.
Method
isothermal
Comments
Gaschrom; Column length: 1.5 m
Reference
Fedoreev, S.A.Maksimov, O.B.The study of the composition of aromatic esters by gas-liquid chromatographySolid Fuel Chem. (Engl. Transl.)1977, 17-22.

Toxicity

SKIN/EYE IRRITATION DATA
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Type of Test
Standard Draize test
Exposure Route
Administration into the eye
Species Observed
Rodent - rabbit
Dose/Duration
500 mg/24H
Toxic Effects
--
Reference
Prehled Prumyslove Toxikologie; Organicke Latky, Marhold, J., Prague, Czechoslovakia, Avicenum, 1986 Volume(issue)/page/year: -,386,1986
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
Exposure Route
Oral
Species Observed
Rodent - rat
Dose/Duration
>3200 mg/kg
Toxic Effects
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value--
Reference
Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, 2nd ed., Patty, F.A., ed., New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1958-63 Volume(issue)/page/year: 2,1906,1963
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
Exposure Route
Intraperitoneal
Species Observed
Rodent - rat
Dose/Duration
3900 mg/kg
Toxic Effects
Behavioral--muscle weakness
Reference
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. (AIHA, 475 Wolf Ledges Pkwy., Akron, OH 44311) V.19- 1958- Volume(issue)/page/year: 34,455,1973

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