pelargonic acid

CAS No. 112-05-0

Formula: C9H18O2
Basic Info

Nonanoic acid, also called pelargonic acid, is an organic compound composed of a nine-carbon chain terminating in a carboxylic acid with structural formula CH3(CH2)7COOH. Nonanoic acid forms esters—nonanoates. It is a clear, oily liquid with an unpleasant, rancid odor. It is nearly insoluble in water, but very soluble in chloroform, ether, and hexane. It is commonly used in conjunction with glyphosate, a non-selective herbicide, for a quick burn-down effect in the control of weeds in turfgrass.
Its refractive index is 1.4322. Its critical point is at 712 K (439 °C) and 2.35 MPa.

Formula
C9H18O2
Molecular Weight
158.238
Exact Mass
158.131
LogP
2.8216
PSA
37.3
Synonyms

NONANOICACID(PELARGONICACID)

N-NONYLIC ACID

NO0NOIC ACID

nona-N-methyl-4,4',4''-methanetriyl-tri-anilinium,tris iodide

Nonoic acid

Pelargonic Acid

Acid C9,Pelargonic acid

NONANOIC-D4 ACID

n-Nonanoic acid

NONANOIC ACID (PELARGONIC)

Nonanoic acid (Pelargonic acid)

NONANOIC ACID FOR SYNTHESIS

noncarboxylic acid

nonyloic acid

nonanic acid

Nonanoic Acid

NONANOIC ACID/PELARGONIC ACID

Nona-N-methyl-4,4',4''-methantriyl-tri-anilinium,Tris-jodid

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
clear, oily liquid with an unpleasant, rancid odor
Density
0.906
Boiling Point
254ºC
Melting Point
12.5ºC
Flash Point
114ºC
Refractive Index
1.4299-1.4339
Water Solubility
NEGLIGIBLE
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Storage Condition
2-8ºC
Vapor Density
5.5 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
<0.1 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
Safety Info
RTECS
RA6650000
Safety Statements
S26-S28-S36/37/39-S45
WGK Germany
1
Risk Statements
R34
HS Code
2915900090
RIDADR
UN 3265
Hazard Class
8
Packing Group
III
Caution Statement
P280; P303 + P361 + P353; P304 + P340 + P310; P305 + P351 + P338
Hazard Codes
Hazard Declaration
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name pelargonic acid

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names nonanic acid

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Uncategorized
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Skin irritation, Category 2

Eye irritation, Category 2

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term (Chronic) - Category Chronic 3

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Warning

Hazard statement(s)

H315 Causes skin irritation

H319 Causes serious eye irritation

H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

Response

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P332+P313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P337+P313 If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.

Storage

none

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
pelargonic acid pelargonic acid 112-05-0 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.

In case of skin contact

Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.

In case of eye contact

Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.

If swallowed

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

no data available

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

/SRP:/ Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR as necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Organic acids and related compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

no data available

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the environment must be avoided.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Pick up and arrange disposal. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Do not contaminate water, food, or feed by storage... . Keep conatiner tightly sealed when not in use. Store only in original container in a dry place inaccessible to children and pets. /Scythe herbicide (57% pelargonic acid)/

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state clear, oily liquid with an unpleasant, rancid odor
Colour Colorless, oily liquid at ordinary temp; crystallizes when cooled
Odour FATTY ODOR
Melting point/ freezing point 172°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 268-269°C(lit.)
Flammability no data available
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 137°C
Auto-ignition temperature no data available
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 8.08 mPa.sec at 20°C
Solubility In water:NEGLIGIBLE
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 3.42
Vapour pressure <0.1 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
Density and/or relative density 0.906g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 5.5 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Combustible

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

no data available

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Mouse oral 15000 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill); Conditions: freshwater, static; Concentration: 105000 ug/L for 96 hr /99.7% purity
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water flea, age <24 hr); Conditions: freshwater, static; Concentration: 96000 ug/L for 48 hr (64000-119000 ug/L); Effect: intoxication, immobilization
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: A total organic carbon reduction of 99% was observed for nonanoic acid using a non-acclimated activated sludge and an initial nonanoic acid concn of 100 mg total organic carbon/L(1). A BOD of 0.59 (g/g) was observed for nonanoic acid after 5 days incubation using a sewage inoculum(2). A 75% decrease in the initial nonanoic acid concn of 1.6 mg/L was observed after 21 days incubation in an aerobic mixed bacterial culture obtained from trench leachate at a low-level radioactive waste disposal site in West Valley, NY(3).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 3 was calculated in fish for nonanoic acid(SRC), using a log Kow of 3.42(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

The Koc of undissociated nonanoic acid is estimated as 1,700 for the free acid(SRC), using a log Kow of 3.42(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this estimated Koc value suggests that undissociated nonanoic acid is expected to have low mobility in soil. The pKa of nonanoic acid is 4.95(4), indicating that this compound will exist almost entirely in anion form in the environment and anions generally do not adsorb more strongly to soils containing organic carbon and clay than their neutral counterparts(5).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN3265 IMDG: UN3265 IATA: UN3265

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: CORROSIVE LIQUID, ACIDIC, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
IMDG: CORROSIVE LIQUID, ACIDIC, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
IATA: CORROSIVE LIQUID, ACIDIC, ORGANIC, N.O.S.

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 8 IMDG: 8 IATA: 8

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: III IMDG: III IATA: III

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
pelargonic acid pelargonic acid 112-05-0 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 10, 2017
Revision Date Aug 10, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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Name: n-Nonanoic acid 97% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Pelargonic Acid
CAS: 112-05-0
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:n-Nonanoic acid 97% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Pelargonic Acid

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
112-05-0 n-Nonanoic acid 97% 203-931-2
Hazard Symbols: C
Risk Phrases: 34

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Causes burns.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye burns. Causes redness and pain.
Skin:
Causes skin burns. Causes redness and pain.
Ingestion:
Causes gastrointestinal tract burns.
Inhalation:
Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract.
Chronic:
Chronic exposure may cause effects similar to those of acute exposure.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub eyes or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation with water is required (at least 30 minutes).
Skin:
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Ingestion:
If swallowed, do NOT induce vomiting. Get medical aid immediately.
If victim is fully conscious, give a cupful of water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
Inhalation:
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Notes to Physician:
Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Do not ingest or inhale. Use only in a chemical fume hood. Discard contaminated shoes.
Storage:
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container.
Corrosives area.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits CAS# 112-05-0: Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear chemical splash goggles.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Clear liquid
Color: colorless
Odor: Not available.
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 254 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: 12.5 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Flash Point: 114 deg C ( 237.20 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 1.20
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: 0.3g/l
Specific Gravity/Density: 0.900
Molecular Formula: C9H18O2
Molecular Weight: 158.1248

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Not currently available.
Conditions to Avoid:
None reported.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Bases, oxidizing agents, reducing agents.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 112-05-0: RA6650000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 112-05-0: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 91 mg Severe; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 uL Mild; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Moderate; Oral, mouse: LD50 = >5 gm/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = >5 gm/kg; Skin, rat: LD50 = >2 gm/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
n-Nonanoic acid - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Fish: Pseudomonas putida:

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: CORROSIVE LIQUID, ACIDIC, ORGANIC, N.O.S.*
Hazard Class: 8
UN Number: 3265
Packing Group: III
IMO
Shipping Name: CORROSIVE LIQUID, ACIDIC, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 8
UN Number: 3265
Packing Group: III
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: CORROSIVE LIQUID, ACIDIC, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 8
UN Number: 3265
Packing group: III

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: C
Risk Phrases:
R 34 Causes burns.
Safety Phrases:
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 28A After contact with skin, wash immediately with
plenty of water.
S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves
and eye/face protection.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 112-05-0: No information available.
Canada
CAS# 112-05-0 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 112-05-0 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 112-05-0 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3
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IR Spectrum IR : liquid film
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Mass Spectrum Mass
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Raman Spectrum Raman : 4880 A,200 M,liquid
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Toxicity
SKIN/EYE IRRITATION DATA
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Type of Test
Standard Draize test
Exposure Route
Administration onto the skin
Species Observed
Rodent - rabbit
Dose/Duration
500 mg/24H
Toxic Effects
--
Reference
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. (London, UK) V.1-19, 1963-81. For publisher information, see FCTOD7. Volume(issue)/page/year: 16,839,1978
SKIN/EYE IRRITATION DATA
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Type of Test
Standard Draize test
Exposure Route
Administration into the eye
Species Observed
Rodent - rabbit
Dose/Duration
91 mg
Toxic Effects
--
Reference
Emery Industries, Inc., Data Sheets. (4900 Este Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45232) Volume(issue)/page/year: S3B,-,1964
SKIN/EYE IRRITATION DATA
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Type of Test
Standard Draize test
Exposure Route
Administration onto the skin
Species Observed
Rodent - guinea pig
Dose/Duration
100%
Toxic Effects
--
Reference
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. (London, UK) V.1-19, 1963-81. For publisher information, see FCTOD7. Volume(issue)/page/year: 16,839,1978

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