isooctane

CAS No. 540-84-1

Formula: C8H18
Basic Info

2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, also known as isooctane or iso-octane, is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)3CCH2CH(CH3)2. It is one of several isomers of octane (C8H18). This particular isomer is the standard 100 point on the octane rating scale (the zero point is n-heptane). It is an important component of gasoline, frequently used in relatively large proportions to increase the knock resistance of the fuel.
Strictly speaking, if the standard meaning of ‘iso’ is followed, the name isooctane should be reserved for the isomer 2-methylheptane. However, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane is by far the most important isomer of octane and so, historically, it has ended up with this name.

Formula
C8H18
Molecular Weight
114.229
Exact Mass
114.141
LogP
3.0786
PSA
0
Synonyms

2,4,4-Trimethylpentane

Pentane, 2,2,4-trimethyl-

Pentane,2,2,4-trimethyl

EINECS 208-759-1

ASTM D-471 fuel A

2,2,4-trimethyl-pentane

trimethyl isobutyl methane

Isobutyltrimethylmethane

2,2,4-TRIMETHYL-[1,4,2]OXAZASILINANE

2, 2, 4-Trimethylpentane

2,2,4-Trimethylpentane

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
colourless liquid
Density
0.692
Boiling Point
98-99ºC
Melting Point
-107ºC
Freezing Point
-107.52℃
Flash Point
-12ºC
Refractive Index
1.3915
Water Solubility
INSOLUBLE
Stability
Stable. Highly flammable. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, reducing agents.
Storage Condition
Flammables area
Vapor Density
3.9 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
41 mm Hg ( 21 °C)
Safety Info
RTECS
SA3320000
Safety Statements
S16-S29-S33-S60-S61-S62-S9
WGK Germany
1
Risk Statements
R11; R38; R50/53; R65; R67
RIDADR
UN 1262
Hazard Class
3
Packing Group
II
Caution Statement
P210; P273; P301 + P310; P331; P370 + P378; P501
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name isooctane

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names 2,4,4-Trimethylpentane

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane is used in determining octane numbers of fuels, in spectrophotometric analysis, as a solvent and thinner, and in organic syntheses.
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Flammable liquids, Category 2

Skin irritation, Category 2

Aspiration hazard, Category 1

Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure, Category 3

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, short-term (Acute) - Category Acute 1

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term (Chronic) - Category Chronic 1

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour

H315 Causes skin irritation

H304 May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways

H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness

H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

P242 Use non-sparking tools.

P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

Response

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P332+P313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

P331 Do NOT induce vomiting.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P391 Collect spillage.

Storage

P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P405 Store locked up.

P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
isooctane isooctane 540-84-1 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Excerpt from ERG Guide 128 [Flammable Liquids (Water-Immiscible)]: Inhalation or contact with material may irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution. (ERG, 2016)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Absorption, Distribution and Excretion

Respiration is the most likely route by which 2,2,4-trimethylpentane is absorbed. Although it has not been determined, the respiratory uptake of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane is probably similar to that seen for n-octane. Oral absorption of (14)C-2,2,4-trimethylpentane has been reported ... to occur to the extent of 86% in male rats based on recovery of radioactivity in urine, expired organics, and expired (14)C-carbon dioxide. Dermal bioavailability has not been reported, but absorption of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane through the skin would be expected to be minor based on percutaneous results reported for n-heptane and n-octane. Oral gavage studies ... in male rats with (14)C-2,2,4-trimethylpentane (0.5 mg/kg, single dose) revealed that the radioactivity is selectively distributed in the kidneys 72 hr after administration. It has been suggested that the renal retention of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane is related to the hydrocarbon-induced nephropathy observed specifically in male rats.

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Excerpt from ERG Guide 128 [Flammable Liquids (Water-Immiscible)]: CAUTION: All these products have a very low flash point: Use of water spray when fighting fire may be inefficient. CAUTION: For mixtures containing alcohol or polar solvent, alcohol-resistant foam may be more effective. SMALL FIRE: Dry chemical, CO2, water spray or regular foam. LARGE FIRE: Water spray, fog or regular foam. Do not use straight streams. Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk. FIRE INVOLVING TANKS OR CAR/TRAILER LOADS: Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. For massive fire, use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn. (ERG, 2016)

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Excerpt from ERG Guide 128 [Flammable Liquids (Water-Immiscible)]: HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Those substances designated with a (P) may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. Substance may be transported hot. For hybrid vehicles, ERG Guide 147 (lithium ion batteries) or ERG Guide 138 (sodium batteries) should also be consulted. If molten aluminum is involved, refer to ERG Guide 169. (ERG, 2016)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Evacuate danger area! Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Remove all ignition sources. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Pick up and arrange disposal. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool. Keep in a well-ventilated room.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state colourless liquid
Colour MOBILE LIQUID
Odour ODOR OF GASOLINE
Melting point/ freezing point 275°C(dec.)(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 98-99°C(lit.)
Flammability Highly flammable.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit LOWER FLAMMABLE LIMIT: 1.1% BY VOLUME, UPPER FLAMMABLE LIMIT: 6.0% BY VOLUME
Flash point -12°C
Auto-ignition temperature 396.11°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity LESS THAN 32 SAYBOLT UNIVERSAL SECONDS
Solubility In water:INSOLUBLE
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
Vapour pressure 41 mm Hg ( 21 °C)
Density and/or relative density 0.692g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 3.9 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Flammable, dangerous fire riskThe vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.Saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons, such as ISOOCTANE, may be incompatible with strong oxidizing agents like nitric acid. Charring of the hydrocarbon may occur followed by ignition of unreacted hydrocarbon and other nearby combustibles. In other settings, aliphatic saturated hydrocarbons are mostly unreactive. They are not affected by aqueous solutions of acids, alkalis, most oxidizing agents, and most reducing agents.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

no data available

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

no data available

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: no data available
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

No information is available on the reproductive or developmental effects of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane in humans or animals.

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

BRANCHED OCTANES ... 2,2,4-TRIMETHYLPENTANE ... USED AS THE SOLE CARBON SOURCES BY A VARIETY OF MICROORGANISMS, SUCH AS PSEUDOMONAS FLUORESCENS, CORYNEBACTERIUM, & P. OLEOVORANS.

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

Based upon a water solubility of 2.44 mg/L at 25°C(1), the log bioconcentration factor for iso-octane has been estimated to be 2.57 from a regression equation(2). This value indicates bioconcentration may be important in aquatic organism(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

The adsorption of several hydrocarbons including iso-octane in five types of soil was studied by measuring the retention volumes(1). Hydrocarbon retention by dry soils increased with molecular weight and unsaturation and decreased with branching. The retention volume of iso-octane was found to be high, but the authors did not provide any Koc values. The log Koc for iso-octane in soil has been estimated to be 3.43 from the water solubility of the compound(4) and a regression equation(2). The average log Koc for this compound in sediments from a salt marsh, a pond and a river was 4.35. Therefore, iso-octane is expected to generally remain strongly adsorbed to soil and sediments(5,SRC).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1262 IMDG: UN1262 IATA: UN1262

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: OCTANES
IMDG: OCTANES
IATA: OCTANES

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: yes IMDG: yes IATA: yes

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
isooctane isooctane 540-84-1 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 12, 2017
Revision Date Aug 12, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking
  Product identifiers
    Product name        : 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane    
    REACH No.        : A registration number is not available for this substance as the substance    
    or its uses are exempted from registration, the annual tonnage does not
    require a registration or the registration is envisaged for a later
    registration deadline.
    CAS-No.        : 540-84-1    
  Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against
    Identified uses        : Laboratory chemicals, Manufacture of substances    
  
  

SECTION 2: Hazards identification
  Classification of the substance or mixture
  Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Flammable liquids (Category 2), H225
    Aspiration hazard (Category 1), H304
    Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
    Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), H336
    Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 1), H400
    Chronic aquatic toxicity (Category 1), H410
    For the full text of the H-Statements mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
  Classification according to EU Directives 67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC
    F Highly flammable        R11    
    Xn Harmful        R65    
    Xi Irritant        R38    
    R67
    N Dangerous for the        R50/53    
    environment
    For the full text of the R-phrases mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
  Label elements
  Labelling according Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Pictogram
    Signal word        Danger    
    Hazard statement(s)
    H225        Highly flammable liquid and vapour.    
    H304        May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.    
    H315        Causes skin irritation.    
    H336        May cause drowsiness or dizziness.    
    H410        Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.    
    Precautionary statement(s)
    P210        Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.    
    P261        Avoid breathing dust/ fume/ gas/ mist/ vapours/ spray.    
    P273        Avoid release to the environment.    
    P301 + P310        IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/    
    physician.
    P331        Do NOT induce vomiting.    
    P501        Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.    
    Supplemental Hazard        none    
    Statements
  Other hazards - none

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients
  Substances
    Synonyms        : Isooctane    
    Formula        : C8H18    
    Molecular Weight        : 114,23 g/mol    
    CAS-No.        : 540-84-1    
    EC-No.        : 208-759-1    
  Hazardous ingredients according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Component        Classification        Concentration    
  2,2,4-Trimethylpentane
    CAS-No.        540-84-1        Flam. Liq. 2; Skin Irrit. 2;        <= 100 %    
    EC-No.        208-759-1        STOT SE 3; Asp. Tox. 1;    
    Index-No.        601-009-00-8        Aquatic Acute 1; Aquatic    
    Chronic 1; H225, H304, H315,
    H336, H410
  Hazardous ingredients according to Directive 1999/45/EC
    Component        Classification        Concentration    
  2,2,4-Trimethylpentane
    CAS-No.        540-84-1        F, Xn, N, R11 - R38 - R65 -        <= 100 %    
    EC-No.        208-759-1        R67 - R50/53    
    Index-No.        601-009-00-8    
    For the full text of the H-Statements and R-Phrases mentioned in this Section, see Section 16

SECTION 4: First aid measures
  Description of first aid measures
  General advice
    Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
  If inhaled
    If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.
  In case of skin contact
    Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.
  In case of eye contact
    Flush eyes with water as a precaution.
  If swallowed
    Do NOT induce vomiting. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with
    water. Consult a physician.
  Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
    The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling (see section 2.2) and/or in
    section 11
  Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
    no data available

SECTION 5: Firefighting measures
  Extinguishing media
  Suitable extinguishing media
    For small (incipient) fires, use media such as "alcohol" foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. For large
    fires, apply water from as far as possible. Use very large quantities (flooding) of water applied as a mist or
    spray; solid streams of water may be ineffective. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of
    water.
  Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
    Carbon oxides
    Nature of decomposition products not known.
    Carbon oxides
    Flash back possible over considerable distance., Container explosion may occur under fire conditions.
  Advice for firefighters
    Wear self contained breathing apparatus for fire fighting if necessary.
  Further information
    Use water spray to cool unopened containers.

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures
  Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
    Use personal protective equipment. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation.
    Remove all sources of ignition. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Beware of vapours accumulating to
    form explosive concentrations. Vapours can accumulate in low areas.
    For personal protection see section 8.
  Environmental precautions
    Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the
    environment must be avoided.
  Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up
    Contain spillage, and then collect with an electrically protected vacuum cleaner or by wet-brushing and
    place in container for disposal according to local regulations (see section 13).
  Reference to other sections
    For disposal see section 13.

SECTION 7: Handling and storage
  Precautions for safe handling
    Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid inhalation of vapour or mist.
    Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.Take measures to prevent the build up of electrostatic
    charge.
    For precautions see section 2.2.
  Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
    Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Containers which are
    opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage.
  Specific end use(s)
    Apart from the uses mentioned in section 1.2 no other specific uses are stipulated

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection
  Control parameters
  Components with workplace control parameters
  Exposure controls
  Appropriate engineering controls
    Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and
    at the end of workday.
  Personal protective equipment
  Eye/face protection
    Face shield and safety glasses Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under
    appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).
  Skin protection
    Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique
    (without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of
    contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices.
    Wash and dry hands.
    The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and
    the standard EN 374 derived from it.
    Full contact
    Material: Nitrile rubber
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,2 mm
    Break through time: 482 min
    Material tested:Dermatril® P (KCL 743 / Z677388, Size M)
    Splash contact
    Material: Nitrile rubber
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,11 mm
    Break through time: 90 min
    Material tested:Dermatril® (KCL 740 / Z677272, Size M)
    data source: KCL GmbH, D-36124 Eichenzell, phone +49 (0)6659 87300,     test method: EN374
    If used in solution, or mixed with other substances, and under conditions which differ from EN 374,
    contact the supplier of the CE approved gloves. This recommendation is advisory only and must
    be evaluated by an industrial hygienist and safety officer familiar with the specific situation of
    anticipated use by our customers. It should not be construed as offering an approval for any
    specific use scenario.
  Body Protection
    Complete suit protecting against chemicals, Flame retardant antistatic protective clothing, The type
    of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the
    dangerous substance at the specific workplace.
  Respiratory protection
    Where risk assessment shows air-purifying respirators are appropriate use a full-face respirator
    with multi-purpose combination (US) or type ABEK (EN 14387) respirator cartridges as a backup
    to engineering controls. If the respirator is the sole means of protection, use a full-face supplied air
    respirator. Use respirators and components tested and approved under appropriate government
    standards such as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).
  Control of environmental exposure
    Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into
    the environment must be avoided.

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties
  Information on basic physical and chemical properties
    a) Appearance        Form: liquid    
    b) Odour        no data available    
    c) Odour Threshold        no data available    
    d) pH        no data available    
    e) Melting point/freezing        Melting point/range: -107 °C    
    point
    f) Initial boiling point and 98 - 99 °C
    boiling range
    g) Flash point        -12 °C - closed cup    
    h) Evapouration rate        no data available    
    i) Flammability (solid, gas) no data available
    j) Upper/lower        Upper explosion limit: 6 %(V)    
    flammability or        Lower explosion limit: 1 %(V)    
    explosive limits
    k) Vapour pressure        55 hPa at 21 °C    
    117 hPa at 37,80 °C
    l) Vapour density        3,94 - (Air = 1.0)    
    m) Relative density        0,692 g/mL at 25 °C    
    n) Water solubility        insoluble    
    o) Partition coefficient: n- log Pow: 4,6
    octanol/water
    p) Auto-ignition        no data available    
    temperature
    q) Decomposition        no data available    
    temperature
    r) Viscosity        no data available    
    s) Explosive properties        no data available    
    t) Oxidizing properties        no data available    
  Other safety information
    Relative vapour density 3,94 - (Air = 1.0)

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity
  Reactivity
    no data available
  Chemical stability
    Stable under recommended storage conditions.
  Possibility of hazardous reactions
    no data available
  Conditions to avoid
    Heat, flames and sparks. Extremes of temperature and direct sunlight.
  Incompatible materials
    Strong oxidizing agents
  Hazardous decomposition products
    Other decomposition products - no data available
    In the event of fire: see section 5

SECTION 11: Toxicological information
  Information on toxicological effects
  Acute toxicity
    LD50 Oral - rat - > 5.000 mg/kg
    (OECD Test Guideline 401)
    LC50 Inhalation - rat - 4 h - > 33,52 mg/l
    (OECD Test Guideline 403)
    LD50 Dermal - rabbit - > 2.000 mg/kg
    (OECD Test Guideline 402)
  Skin corrosion/irritation
    no data available
    Skin - rabbit
    Result: Irritating to skin.
    (OECD Test Guideline 404)
  Serious eye damage/eye irritation
    Eyes - rabbit
    Result: No eye irritation
    (OECD Test Guideline 405)
  Respiratory or skin sensitisation
    no data available
  Germ cell mutagenicity
    rat
    Unscheduled DNA synthesis
  Carcinogenicity
    IARC:        No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as    
    probable, possible or confirmed human carcinogen by IARC.
  Reproductive toxicity
    no data available
  Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure
    May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
  Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure
    no data available
  Aspiration hazard
    The substance or mixture is known to cause human aspiration toxicity hazards or has to be regarded as if
    it causes a human aspiration toxicity hazard.
  Additional Information
    RTECS: SA3320000
    To the best of our knowledge, the chemical, physical, and toxicological properties have not been
    thoroughly investigated.
    Liver - Irregularities - Based on Human Evidence

SECTION 12: Ecological information
  Toxicity
    no data available
  Persistence and degradability
    Biodegradability        Result: - Biodegradable    
  Bioaccumulative potential
  Mobility in soil
    no data available
  Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
    PBT/vPvB assessment not available as chemical safety assessment not required/not conducted
  Other adverse effects
    Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations
  Waste treatment methods
  Product
    Burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber but exert extra care in igniting
    as this material is highly flammable. Offer surplus and non-recyclable solutions to a licensed disposal
    company. Contact a licensed professional waste disposal service to dispose of this material.
  Contaminated packaging
    Dispose of as unused product.

SECTION 14: Transport information
  UN number
    ADR/RID: 1262        IMDG: 1262        IATA: 1262    
  UN proper shipping name
    ADR/RID: OCTANES
    IMDG: OCTANES
    IATA:        Octanes    
  Transport hazard class(es)
    ADR/RID: 3        IMDG: 3        IATA: 3    
  Packaging group
    ADR/RID: II        IMDG: II        IATA: II    
  Environmental hazards
    ADR/RID: yes        IMDG Marine pollutant: yes        IATA: no    
  Special precautions for user
    no data available



SECTION 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
N/A


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3
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IR Spectrum IR : liquid film
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Mass Spectrum Mass
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Raman Spectrum Raman : 4880 A,150M,liquid
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Toxicity
OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
Exposure Route
Oral
Species Observed
Rodent - rat
Dose/Duration
10 gm/kg/4W-I
Toxic Effects
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder--changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis)<br>Related to Chronic Data--death
Reference
Toxicology and Industrial Health. (Princeton Scientific Pub. Co., POB 2155, Princeton, NJ 08540) V.1- 1985- Volume(issue)/page/year: 1(3),67,1985
OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE TOXICITY DATA
expand collapse
Type of Test
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
Exposure Route
Oral
Species Observed
Rodent - rat
Dose/Duration
8 mL/kg/2W-I
Toxic Effects
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder--other changes in urine composition
Reference
Toxicologist. (Soc. of Toxicology, Inc., 475 Wolf Ledge Parkway, Akron, OH 44311) V.1- 1981- Volume(issue)/page/year: 5,58,1985
OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE TOXICITY DATA
expand collapse
Type of Test
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
Exposure Route
Oral
Species Observed
Rodent - rat
Dose/Duration
2100 mg/kg/21D-I
Toxic Effects
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder--changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis)
Reference
Toxicologic Pathology. (c/o Dr. F.A. de la Iglesia, Warner-Lambert Co., Pharmaceutical Research Div., POB 1047, Ann Arbor, MI 48106) V.6(3/4)- 1978- Volume(issue)/page/year: 13,246,1985

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