2-Chloroethyl Chloroformate

CAS No. 627-11-2

Formula: C3H4Cl2O2
Basic Info

Chloroethyl chloroformates (chemical formula: C3H4Cl2O2) are a pair of related chemical compounds.
They are listed as extremely hazardous substances.

Formula
C3H4Cl2O2
Molecular Weight
142.969
Exact Mass
141.959
LogP
1.6006
PSA
26.3
Synonyms

Carbonochloridic acid, 2-chloroethyl ester

2-chloroethyl carbonochloridate

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
colorless to slightly colored liquid
Density
1.385
Boiling Point
155-156ºC
Melting Point
-70ºC BOLING
Flash Point
158°F
Refractive Index
1.446
Storage Condition
Refrigerator
Safety Info
RTECS
LQ5950000
Safety Statements
S26-S36/37/39-S45
Risk Statements
R23; R34
HS Code
2915900090
RIDADR
UN 3277
Hazard Class
6.1(a)
Packing Group
II
Hazard Codes
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name 2-Chloroethyl Chloroformate

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names 2-chloroethyl carbonochloridate

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only.
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Skin corrosion, Category 1B

Acute toxicity - Inhalation, Category 3

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage

H331 Toxic if inhaled

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

Response

P301+P330+P331 IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P363 Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P311 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

Storage

P405 Store locked up.

P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
2-Chloroethyl Chloroformate 2-Chloroethyl Chloroformate 627-11-2 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.

In case of skin contact

Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.

In case of eye contact

Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.

If swallowed

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

(Non-Specific -- Ethyl Chloroformate) Poisonous; may be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin. Contact may cause burns to skin and eyes. (EPA, 1998)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

no data available

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Excerpt from ERG Guide 154 [Substances - Toxic and/or Corrosive (Non-Combustible)]: SMALL FIRE: Dry chemical, CO2 or water spray. LARGE FIRE: Dry chemical, CO2, alcohol-resistant foam or water spray. Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk. Dike fire-control water for later disposal; do not scatter the material. FIRE INVOLVING TANKS OR CAR/TRAILER LOADS: Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. Do not get water inside containers. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. (ERG, 2016)

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Excerpt from ERG Guide 154 [Substances - Toxic and/or Corrosive (Non-Combustible)]: Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes. Some are oxidizers and may ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated. For electric vehicles or equipment, ERG Guide 147 (lithium ion batteries) or ERG Guide 138 (sodium batteries) should also be consulted. (ERG, 2016)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the environment must be avoided.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Pick up and arrange disposal. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state colorless to slightly colored liquid
Colour Colorless liquid
Odour no data available
Melting point/ freezing point 169°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 154°C(lit.)
Flammability no data available
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 60°C(lit.)
Auto-ignition temperature no data available
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility Insol in cold water
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
Vapour pressure 13 mm Hg at 48-49°C
Density and/or relative density 1.385
Relative vapour density no data available
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

CHLOROETHYL CHLOROFORMATE is an acid halide. Acid halides are water reactive; some are violently reactive. They are incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, alcohols, amines, alkali. May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291].

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

no data available

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

no data available

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: no data available
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

Using the Japanese MITI protocol (4 week incubation period with activated sludge inoculum), ethyl chloroformate (a compound similar in structure to chloroethyl chloroformate) was classified as biodegradable with a theoretical BOD of 81-86%(1) but this probably refers to the hydrolysis product(SRC).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

Chloroformates hydrolyze readily in water(1); therefore, bioconcentration in aquatic organisms will not be an important process(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

Using a structure estimation method based on molecular connectivity indexes, the Koc for chloroethyl chloroformate can be estimated to be approximately 15(1,SRC). According to a suggested classification scheme(2), this estimated Koc value suggests that chloroethyl chloroformate has high mobility in soil(SRC). However, chloroformates hydrolyzes readily in water(3); therefore, leaching in soil is not expected to be an important fate process(SRC).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN2742 IMDG: UN2742 IATA: UN2742

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: CHLOROFORMATES, TOXIC, CORROSIVE, FLAMMABLE, N.O.S.
IMDG: CHLOROFORMATES, TOXIC, CORROSIVE, FLAMMABLE, N.O.S.
IATA: CHLOROFORMATES, TOXIC, CORROSIVE, FLAMMABLE, N.O.S.

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 6.1 IMDG: 6.1 IATA: 6.1

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
2-Chloroethyl Chloroformate 2-Chloroethyl Chloroformate 627-11-2 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Not Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 12, 2017
Revision Date Aug 12, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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  2-Chloroethyl Chloroformate
  SAFETY DATA SHEET

Section 1. IDENTIFICATION
  Product name:        2-Chloroethyl Chloroformate    

Section 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  GHS classification
  PHYSICAL HAZARDS
    Category 3
  Flammable liquids
  HEALTH HAZARDS
    Category 2
  Acute toxicity (Inhalation)
  Skin corrosion/irritation        Category 1B    
    Category 1
  Serious eye damage/eye irritation
  ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS        Not classified    
  GHS label elements, including precautionary statements
  Pictograms or hazard symbols
  Signal word        Danger    
  Hazard statements        Flammable liquid and vapour    
    Fatal if inhaled
    Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
  Precautionary statements:
  [Prevention]        Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.    
    Keep container tightly closed.
    Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting equipment. Take precautionary
    measures against ignition by the static discharge and the spark.
    Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
    Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
    Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
    Wear respiratory protection.
    Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection.
  [Response]        IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for    
    breathing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
    IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
    IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses,
    if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
    IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse
    skin with water/shower.
    Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
    Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
  2-Chloroethyl Chloroformate

Section 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  [Storage]        Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.    
    Store locked up.
  [Disposal]        Dispose of contents/container through a waste management company authorized by    
    the local government.

Section 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
  Substance/mixture:        Substance    
  Components:        2-Chloroethyl Chloroformate    
    >98.0%(T)
  Percent:
  CAS Number:        627-11-2    
    Chloroformic Acid 2-Chloroethyl Ester
  Synonyms:
  Chemical Formula:        C3H4Cl2O2    

Section 4. FIRST AID MEASURES
  Inhalation:        Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.    
    Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
  Skin contact:        Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Gently wash with plenty of    
    soap and water. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
  Eye contact:        Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present    
    and easy to do. Continue rinsing.Immediately call a POISON CENTER or
    doctor/physician.
    Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT
  Ingestion:
    induce vomiting.
  Protection of first-aiders:        A rescuer should wear personal protective equipment, such as rubber gloves and air-    
    tight goggles.

Section 5. FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES
  Suitable extinguishing        Dry chemical, carbon dioxide.    
  media:
  Unsuitable extinguishing Water
  media:
  Specific hazards arising Take care as it may decompose upon combustion or in high temperatures to
    generate poisonous fume.
  from the chemical:
  Precautions for firefighters: Fire-extinguishing work is done from the windward and the suitable fire-extinguishing
    method according to the surrounding situation is used. Uninvolved persons should
    evacuate to a safe place. In case of fire in the surroundings: Keep containers cool by
    spraying with water but NO direct contact with water. Eliminate all ignition sources if
    safe to do so.
  Special protective        When extinguishing fire, be sure to wear personal protective equipment.    
  equipment for firefighters:

Section 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  Personal precautions,        Use extra personal protective equipment (self-contained breathing apparatus). Keep    
  protective equipment and people away from and upwind of spill/leak. Ensure adequate ventilation. Entry to non-
  emergency procedures: involved personnel should be controlled around the leakage area by roping off, etc.
  Environmental precautions: Prevent product from entering drains.
  Methods and materials for Absorb spilled material in dry sand or inert absorbent before recovering it into an
  containment and cleaning airtight container. In case of large amount of spillage, contain a spill by bunding.
  up: Adhered or collected material should be promptly disposed of, in accordance with
    appropriate laws and regulations.
  Prevention of secondary Do not allow contact with water. Remove all sources of ignition. Fire-extinguishing
    devices should be prepared in case of a fire. Use spark-proof tools and explosion-
  hazards:
    proof equipment.

Section 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE
  Precautions for safe handling
  2-Chloroethyl Chloroformate

Section 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE
  Technical measures:        Handling is performed in a well ventilated place. Wear suitable protective equipment.    
    Prevent generation of vapour or mist. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flame/hot
    surfaces. -No smoking. Take measures to prevent the build up of electrostatic
    charge. Use explosion-proof equipment. Wash hands and face thoroughly after
    handling.
    Use a closed system if possible. Use a ventilation, local exhaust if vapour or aerosol
    will be generated.
  Advice on safe handling: Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing.
    May develop pressure. Open carefully.
  Conditions for safe storage, including any
  incompatibilities
  Storage conditions:        Keep container tightly closed. Store in an explosion-poof refregerator.    
    Store under inert gas.
    Protect from moisture.
    Store locked up.
    Store away from incompatible materials such as oxidizing agents.
    Heat-sensitive, Moisture-sensitive
  Packaging material:        Comply with laws.    

Section 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering controls:        Install a closed system or local exhaust. Also install safety shower and eye bath.    
  Personal protective equipment
  Respiratory protection: Half or full facepiece respirator, self-contained breathing apparatus(SCBA), supplied
    air respirator, etc. Use respirators approved under appropriate government standards
    and follow local and national regulations.
  Hand protection:        Impervious gloves.    
    Safety goggles. A face-shield, if the situation requires.
  Eye protection:
  Skin and body protection: Impervious protective clothing. Protective boots, if the situation requires.

Section 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
  Physical state (20°C):        Liquid    
    Clear
  Form:
  Colour:        Colorless - Very pale yellow    
    No data available
  Odour:
  pH: No data available
  Melting point/freezing point:No data available
  Boiling point/range:        154°C    
  Flash point:        60°C    
  Flammability or explosive
  limits:
  Lower:        No data available    
  Upper:        No data available    
  Vapour pressure:        1.73kPa/48°C    
  Relative density:        1.38    
  Solubility(ies):
  [Water]        No data available    
  [Other solvents]
  Soluble:        Ether, Benzene, Acetone    

Section 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
    Stable under proper conditions.
  Chemical stability:
  Possibility of hazardous Decomposes in contact with water and liberates toxic gases.
  reactions:
  Conditions to avoid:        Spark, Open flame, Static discharge, Moisture    
  Incompatible materials: Oxidizing agents
  Hazardous decomposition Carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide, Hydrogen chloride
  products:
  2-Chloroethyl Chloroformate

Section 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
    ihl-mus LCLo:200 mg/m3/10M
  Acute Toxicity:
  Skin corrosion/irritation: No data available
  Serious eye        No data available    
  damage/irritation:
  Germ cell mutagenicity: No data available
  Carcinogenicity:
    No data available
  IARC =
  NTP =        No data available    
    No data available
  Reproductive toxicity:
  RTECS Number:        LQ5950000    

Section 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
  Fish:        No data available    
  Crustacea:        No data available    
    No data available
  Algae:
  Persistence / degradability: No data available
    No data available
  Bioaccumulative
  potential(BCF):
  Mobility in soil
  Log Pow:        No data available    
  Soil adsorption (Koc):        No data available    
  Henry's Law        No data available    
  constant(PaM3/mol):

Section 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
    Recycle to process, if possible. Consult your local regional authorities. You may be able to burn in a chemical
    incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber system. Observe all federal, state and local regulations when
    disposing of the substance.

Section 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION
  Hazards Class:        6.1: Toxic substance.    
  Subsidiary risk:        3/8: Flammable liquid/Corrosive.    
  UN-No:        2742    
  Proper shipping name:        Chloroformates, toxic, corrosive, flammable, n.o.s.    
  Packing group:        II    

Section 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION
  Safe management ordinance of dangerous chemical product (State Council announces on January 26, 2002
  and revised on February 16,2011): Safe use and production, the storage of a dangerous chemical, transport,
    loading and unloading were prescribed.
  2-Chloroethyl Chloroformate


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : Predict
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Mass Spectrum Mass spectrum (electron ionization)
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