cyanamide

CAS No. 420-04-2

Formula: CH2N2
Basic Info

Cyanamide is an organic compound with the formula CN2H2. This white solid is widely used in agriculture and the production of pharmaceuticals and other organic compounds. It is also used as an alcohol deterrent drug in Canada, Europe and Japan. The molecule features a nitrile group attached to an amino group. Derivatives of this compound are also referred to as cyanamides, the most common being calcium cyanamide (CaCN2).

Formula
CH2N2
Molecular Weight
42.04
Exact Mass
42.0218
LogP
0.12648
PSA
49.81
Synonyms

N-Cyanoamine

alzogur

Cyanamide

tsaks

CYANAMID

amino-cyanide

carbodiamide

USAF ek-1995

Carbamonitrile

Cyanamide,stabilized

H2NCN

2-cyanomide

cyano-amine

aminocarbonitrile

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
white crystalline solid
Density
1.282
Boiling Point
260ºC
Melting Point
45ºC
Flash Point
141ºC
Refractive Index
1.405
Water Solubility
775 g/L
Stability
Unstable - heat sensitive. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, bases, acids, iron and its salts, steel, brass, lead, moisture. Reacts with acids to produce very toxic gas.
Storage Condition
2-8ºC
Safety Info
RTECS
GS5950000
Safety Statements
S22-S3-S36/37-S45
WGK Germany
2
Risk Statements
R21; R25; R36/38; R43
RIDADR
UN 2811
Hazard Class
8
Packing Group
III
Hazard Codes
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : Predict
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IR Spectrum IR : liquid film (50wt% solution in WATER)
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Mass Spectrum Mass spectrum (electron ionization)
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Toxicity
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
Exposure Route
Oral
Species Observed
Rodent - rat
Dose/Duration
125 mg/kg
Toxic Effects
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value--
Reference
Merck Index; an Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 11th ed., Rahway, NJ 07065, Merck & Co., Inc. 1989 Volume(issue)/page/year: 11,418,1989
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
LCLo - Lowest published lethal concentration
Exposure Route
Inhalation
Species Observed
Rodent - rat
Dose/Duration
86 mg/m3/4H
Toxic Effects
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value--
Reference
Toxicometric Parameters of Industrial Toxic Chemicals Under Single Exposure, Izmerov, N.F., et al., Moscow, Centre of International Projects, GKNT, 1982 Volume(issue)/page/year: -,40,1982
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
Exposure Route
Administration onto the skin
Species Observed
Rodent - rat
Dose/Duration
84 mg/kg
Toxic Effects
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value--
Reference
Toxicometric Parameters of Industrial Toxic Chemicals Under Single Exposure, Izmerov, N.F., et al., Moscow, Centre of International Projects, GKNT, 1982 Volume(issue)/page/year: -,40,1982

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