1,3-dichloropropene

CAS No. 542-75-6

Formula: C3H4Cl2
Basic Info

1,3-Dichloropropene, sold under diverse trade names, is an organochlorine compound. It is colorless liquid with a sweet smell. It dissolves in water and evaporates easily. It is used mainly in farming as a pesticide, specifically as a preplant fumigant and nematicide. It is widely used in the US and other countries, but is in the process of being phased out in the European Union.

Formula
C3H4Cl2
Molecular Weight
110.97
Exact Mass
109.969
LogP
1.9777
PSA
0
Synonyms

Anema

D-D

Dedisol

1,3-Dichloropropene

1,3-dichloro-1-propene

E/Z-1,3-Dichloropropene

Nemex

NEMATOX

dd95

TELONE

1,3-D

(1Ξ)-1,3-dichloroprop-1-ene

cis/trans-1,3-Dichloropropene

D-D92

1,3-dichloropropane

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
Linght yellow liquid
Density
1.22
Boiling Point
108ºC
Melting Point
-60ºC
Flash Point
27ºC
Refractive Index
1.469-1.475
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Storage Condition
2-8ºC
Safety Info
RTECS
UC8310000
Safety Statements
S36/37-S45-S60-S61
WGK Germany
3
Risk Statements
R10; R20/21; R25; R36/37/38; R43; R50/53
HS Code
2903199000
RIDADR
UN 2047/1992
Hazard Class
3
Packing Group
II
Hazard Codes
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 18, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 18, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name 1,3-dichloropropene

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names E/Z-1,3-Dichloropropene

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Volatile organic compounds
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Flammable liquids, Category 3

Acute toxicity - Oral, Category 3

Acute toxicity - Dermal, Category 3

Skin irritation, Category 2

Eye irritation, Category 2

Skin sensitization, Category 1

Acute toxicity - Inhalation, Category 4

Aspiration hazard, Category 1

Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure, Category 3

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, short-term (Acute) - Category Acute 1

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term (Chronic) - Category Chronic 1

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H226 Flammable liquid and vapour

H301 Toxic if swallowed

H311 Toxic in contact with skin

H315 Causes skin irritation

H319 Causes serious eye irritation

H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction

H332 Harmful if inhaled

H304 May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways

H335 May cause respiratory irritation

H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

P242 Use non-sparking tools.

P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

Response

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P330 Rinse mouth.

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P361+P364 Take off immediately all contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P332+P313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P337+P313 If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.

P333+P313 If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P331 Do NOT induce vomiting.

P391 Collect spillage.

Storage

P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P405 Store locked up.

P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
1,3-dichloropropene 1,3-dichloropropene 542-75-6 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

Wear protective gloves when administering first aid. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention .

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

SYMPTOMS: Symptoms of exposure to this compound may include local irritation of the eyes skin and respiratory tract, dermatitis, gasping, coughing, substernal pain, extreme respiratory distress, lacrimation, central nervous system depression, acute gastrointestinal distress with pulmonary congestion and edema. It may also cause injury to the liver, kidneys and heart. ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: This compound is irritating to the skin, eyes and mucous membranes. It may also cause lacrimation. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes.

VAPOR: Irritating to eyes, nose and throat. LIQUID: Will burn skin and eyes. Harmful if swallowed. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 min, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. /Dichloropropenes/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media: Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Flash point data for this chemical are not available, however literature indicates that this material is flammable.

FLAMMABLE. POISONOUS GASES ARE PRODUCED IN FIRE. Flashback along vapor trail may occur. Vapor may explode if ignited in an enclosed area. Toxic and irritating gases may be generated. (USCG, 1999)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable plastic containers as far as possible. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES: Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures: Wear respiratory protection. Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Remove all sources of ignition. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Beware of vapors accumulating to form explosive concentrations. Vapors can accumulate in low areas. Environmental precautions: Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the environment must be avoided. Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up: Contain spillage, and then collect with an electrically protected vacuum cleaner or by wet-brushing and place in container for disposal according to local regulations.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Separated from metals and oxidants. Well closed. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Containers which are opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage. Recommended storage temperature 2 - 8°C.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

NIOSH considers 1,3-dichloropropene to be a potential occupational carcinogen. NIOSH usually recommends that occupational exposures to carcinogens be limited to the lowest feasible concentration.

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hour Time-Weighted Average: 1 ppm (5 mg/cu m), skin.

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state Linght yellow liquid
Colour Colorless to straw-colored liquid
Odour Pungent odor
Melting point/ freezing point -60ºC
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 108ºC
Flammability Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 22.78°C and below 37.78°C.Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 5.3% by volume; Upper flammable limit: 14.5% by volume
Flash point 27ºC
Auto-ignition temperature no data available
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility less than 1 mg/mL at 20.5°C
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 2.06 (cis-isomer), 2.03 (trans-isomer) at 25°C
Vapour pressure 34 mm Hg at 25°C
Density and/or relative density 1.22
Relative vapour density 3.83 (Relative to Air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Flammable liquid.The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.TRANS-1,3-DICHLOROPROPENE reacts with aluminum, aluminum alloys, with other active metals and with some metal salts and halogens. Can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. .

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Incompatible materials: Metals, strong oxidizing agents

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

Hazardous decomposition products formed under fire conditions - Carbon oxides, hydrogen chloride gas

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 140 + or - 25 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: LC50 F333 rat (female) inhalation 904 ppm (4104 mg/cu m)/4 hr
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

NTP: Reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen

Reproductive toxicity

A study of male workers engaged in the manufacture of 1,3-dichloropropene indicated no significant effect on fertility at exposure levels occurring in the work environment. No evidence of developmental toxicity was observed in rats or rabbits exposed to 1,3-dichloropropene by inhalation, but significant maternal toxicity was seen in both species. In one study of rats exposed by inhalation, fewer fetuses per litter were reported at the highest exposure concentration but maternal toxicity was also observed. In other studies, no adverse reproductive effects were observed in rats and mice exposed by inhalation.

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Pimephales promelas (Fathead minnow) weight 0.9 g; Conditions: static bioassay without aeration, 18°C, pH 7.2-7.5, water hardness 40-50 mg/L CaCO3, alkalinity 30-35 mg/L; Concentration: 4100 ug/L for 96 hr (95% confidence limit: 3390-4970 ug/L) /Technical material, 100%
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: LC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water flea) 1st instar; Conditions: static bioassay without aeration, 21°C, pH 7.2-7.5, water hardness 40-50 mg/L CaCO3, alkalinity 30-35 mg/L; Concentration: 90 ug/L for 48 hr (95% confidence limit: 63-129 ug/L) /Technical material, 100%
  • Toxicity to algae: EC50; Species: Anabaena flosaquae (Blue-Green Algae); Conditions: freshwater, static; Concentration: 108000 ug/L for 120 hr (95% confidence interval: 50000-232000 ug/L); Effect: decreased population abundance /96% purity
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: 1,3-Dichloropropene, present at 100 mg/L, reached 3% of its theoretical BOD in 4 weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L in the Japanese MITI test which classified the compound as not readily biodegradable(1); additional degradation was observed yielding 3-chloro-2-propen-1-ol(1), possibly from hydrolysis and degradation of the hydrolysis products(SRC). A BOD dilution water study using settled domestic wastewater as the microbia1 inoculum found that 5-10 mg/L concentrations of 1,3-dichloropropene were degraded by 54-85% after 7 days of incubation with the faster rates achieved following weekly adaptations(1); however, the rate of biodegradation for 1,3-dichloropropene in natural waters cannot be inferred from this screening study data(3). Common soil bacteria were able to utilize 1,3-dichloropropene as a sole carbon source in pure culture studies(4). Twelve weeks after labeled cis- or trans-1,3-dichloropropene was added to soil and stored in sealed containers, 19% of the cis and 18% of the trans isomers remained in sandy loam and 10% of cis and 22% of trans isomer remained in medium loam(5). After 20 weeks, 5% and 4% of the cis and trans isomer, respectively, remained in sandy loam and 3% and 14%, respectively remained in the medium loam(5); the half-life of the applied dichloropropenes were 3-4 weeks; it was possible that some of the parent compound was lost by volatilization(5). 14C-1,3-Dichloropropene, added at 100 ug/g soil and incubated aerobically in the dark at 25°C, displayed half-lives of 1.8, 12.3, and 61 days using Wahiawa silt clay, Catlin silt loam, and Fuquay loamy sand, respectively(6); degradation products were 3-chloroallyl alcohol, 3-chloroacrylic acid, numerous minor carboxylic acid metabolites, and carbon dioxide(6). Degradation of 1,3-dichloropropene was greatly enhanced in amended soils compared to the unamended soil, and the degree of acceleration varied with the type as well as the rate of amendment(7); compost manure was more effective in stimulating 1,3-dichloropropene degradation than a less decomposed biosolid-manure mix; the acceleration in compost manure-amended soils was a combined result of enhanced chemical and microbial degradation, since sterilization only partially reduced the enhanced degradation(7). Complete mineralization of 1,3-dichloropropene, based on chloride release, can be a matter of years(8). A 5 ug/mL test compound added to a sediment sample from a drainage ditch at an agricultural field station in Marcham, England was readily converted to 3-chloropropionic acid(9). 1,3-Dichloropropene is degraded more rapidly in soil that has a history of treatment with this pesticide than in previously untreated soil(3). While the degradation rates of the cis- and trans- isomers are similar in untreated soil, degradation in previously treated soil has been shown to be more rapid for trans-1,3-dichloropropene than for cis-1,3-dichloropropene(3).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 10 was calculated in fish for 1,3-dichloropropene(SRC), using a log Kow of 2.04 (average for the cis- and trans-isomers)(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(2), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

Measured Koc values of 23 and 26 for the cis- and trans- isomers of 1,3-dichloropropene, respectively, have been reported(1). The average Koc for 3 soils with organic carbon of 3.19%, 10.4%, and 55.1% was 27 and 28 for cis- and trans-1,3-dichloropropene, respectively(2). The average maximum Koc values were 20 for sand, 25 for loamy sand, and 41 and 42 for two clay soils(3). According to a classification scheme(4), these Koc values suggest that 1,3-dichloropropene is expected to have very high mobility in soil. The adsorption onto soil from the vapor is greater for the trans- than the cis- isomer(3). The adsorption isotherm for the vapor/soil system is linear(3). When 1,3-dichloropropene is used in farm fields, it is sprayed directly on the ground or injected into the soil(5). Once in the soil, it can exist as a gas or dissolved in water. 1,3-Dichloropropene can adsorb more strongly to soil when it is in the vapor phase than when it is dissolved in water(5). Vapor-phase adsorption can be approximately 3-times greater at 2°C than it is at 20°C, and adsorption isotherms measured for humus sand, peaty sand, and peat indicate vapor-phase Koc values ranging from 450 to 750(5). According to a classification scheme(4), these vapor-phase Koc values suggest that 1,3-dichloropropene may have moderate to low mobility in soil.

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN2047 IMDG: UN2047 IATA: UN2047

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: DICHLOROPROPENES
IMDG: DICHLOROPROPENES
IATA: DICHLOROPROPENES

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: III IMDG: III IATA: III

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: yes IMDG: yes IATA: yes

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
1,3-dichloropropene 1,3-dichloropropene 542-75-6 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 18, 2017
Revision Date Aug 18, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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Name: 1 3-Dichloropropene mixture of isomers tech. 90% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:
CAS: 542-75-6
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:1 3-Dichloropropene mixture of isomers tech. 90% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
542-75-6 1,3-dichloropropene 90 208-826-5
Hazard Symbols: T N
Risk Phrases: 10 20/21 25 36/37/38 43 50/53

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Flammable. Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin. Toxic if swallowed. Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin. May cause sensitization by skin contact. Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.Dangerous for the environment.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye irritation.
Skin:
Causes skin irritation. Harmful if absorbed through the skin.
Ingestion:
Toxic if swallowed.
Inhalation:
Harmful if inhaled. Causes respiratory tract irritation. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema.
Chronic:
May cause liver and kidney damage. Repeated exposure may cause sensitization dermatitis. Effects may be delayed.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Ingestion:
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:
Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air.
During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Flammable liquid and vapor. Approach fire from upwind to avoid hazardous vapors and toxic decomposition products. Vapors are heavier than air and may travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Vapors can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use with adequate ventilation. Wash clothing before reuse. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage:
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Flammables-area.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local explosion-proof ventilation to keep airborne levels to acceptable levels.
Exposure Limits CAS# 542-75-6: Belgium - TWA: 1 ppm VLE; 4.6 mg/m3 VLE Germany: 0.11 ppm TWA; 0.5 mg/m3 TWA Germany: Skin absorber Malaysia: 1 ppm TWA; 4.5 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 1 ppm MAC; 5 mg/m3 MAC Russia: 5 mg/m3 TWA Spain: 1 ppm VLA-ED; 4.6 mg/m3 VLA-ED Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use. Wear a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved full-facepiece airline respirator in the positive pressure mode with emergency escape provisions.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: colorless to yellow
Odor: characteristic odor
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 40 mbar @20 deg C
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 108 deg C @760mmHg
Freezing/Melting Point: -60 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Flash Point: 27 deg C ( 80.60 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 5.3 Vol %
Explosion Limits, upper: 14.5 Vol %
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water:
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.200
Molecular Formula: C3H4Cl2
Molecular Weight: 110.97

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Not currently available.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Oxidizing agents, rubber, plastics.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 542-75-6: UC8310000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 542-75-6: Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 3220 mg/m3/2H; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 640 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 470 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 333 mg/kg; Skin, rat: LD50 = 775 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
1,3-dichloropropene - ACGIH: A3 - Confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to California: carcinogen, initial date 1/1/89 NTP: Suspect carcinogen IARC: Group 2B carcinogen Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Fish: Fathead Minnow: LC50 = 4.1 mg/L; 96 Hr.; Static Conditions; 18 degrees CFish: Rainbow trout: LC50 = 5.9 mg/L; 96 Hr.; Static Conditions; 11-13 degrees CFish: Bluegill/Sunfish: LC50 = 6.1 mg/L; 96 Hr.; Static Conditions; 21-23 degrees CWater flea Daphnia: EC50 = 6.15 mg/L; 48 Hr.; Static Conditions; 21-23 degrees CBacteria: Phytobacterium phosphoreum: EC50 = 5.1 mg/L; 30 minutes; Microtox testAlgae: EC50 = 4.95 mg/L; 96 Hr.; None

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
No information available.
IMO
No information available.
RID/ADR
No information available.
USA RQ: CAS# 542-75-6: 100 lb final RQ; 45.4 kg final RQ

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T N
Risk Phrases:
R 10 Flammable.
R 20/21 Harmful by inhalation and in contact with
skin.
R 25 Toxic if swallowed.
R 36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system
and skin.
R 43 May cause sensitization by skin contact.
R 50/53 Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause
long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
Safety Phrases:
S 36/37 Wear suitable protective clothing and
gloves.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
S 60 This material and its container must be
disposed of as hazardous waste.
S 61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to
special instructions/safety data sheets.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 542-75-6: 3
Canada
CAS# 542-75-6 is listed on Canada's NDSL List.
CAS# 542-75-6 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 542-75-6 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : Predict
expand collapse
Mass Spectrum Mass spectrum (electron ionization)
expand collapse
Toxicity
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
expand collapse
Type of Test
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
Exposure Route
Oral
Species Observed
Rodent - rat
Dose/Duration
470 mg/kg
Toxic Effects
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value--
Reference
Dow Chemical Company Reports. (Dow Chemical USA, Health and Environment Research, Toxicology Research Lab., Midland, MI 48640) Volume(issue)/page/year: MSD-405
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
expand collapse
Type of Test
LCLo - Lowest published lethal concentration
Exposure Route
Inhalation
Species Observed
Rodent - rat
Dose/Duration
1000 ppm/2H
Toxic Effects
Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye)--lacrimation
Reference
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. (AIHA, 475 Wolf Ledges Pkwy., Akron, OH 44311) V.19- 1958- Volume(issue)/page/year: 38,217,1977
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
expand collapse
Type of Test
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
Exposure Route
Administration onto the skin
Species Observed
Rodent - rat
Dose/Duration
775 mg/kg
Toxic Effects
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value--
Reference
Farm Chemicals Handbook. (Meister Pub., 37841 Euclid Ave., Willoughy, OH 44094) Volume(issue)/page/year: -,C103,1991
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