Benzoyl chloride

CAS No. 98-88-4

Formula: C7H5ClO
Basic Info

Benzoyl chloride, also known as benzenecarbonyl chloride, is an organochlorine compound with the formula C6H5COCl. It is a colourless, fuming liquid with an irritating odour. It is mainly useful for the production of peroxides but is generally useful in other areas such as in the preparation of dyes, perfumes, pharmaceuticals, and resins.

Formula
C7H5ClO
Molecular Weight
140.567
Exact Mass
140.003
LogP
2.0656
PSA
17.07
Synonyms

α-Chlorobenzaldehyde

benzoic chloride

Benzoylchloride

Bz chloride

benzoic acid chloride

Benzenecarbonyl chloride

phenylcarbonyl chloride

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
Colourless liquid
Density
1.2188
Boiling Point
198ºC
Melting Point
-1ºC
Freezing Point
-1℃
Flash Point
68ºC
Refractive Index
1.552-1.554
Water Solubility
reacts
Stability
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, water, alcohols, strong bases. Reacts violently with DMSO and vigorously with alkalies.
Storage Condition
Store at 0-5ºC
Vapor Density
4.88 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
1 mm Hg ( 32 °C)
Safety Info
RTECS
DM6600000
Safety Statements
S26-S36/37/39-S45
WGK Germany
1
Risk Statements
R34
HS Code
2916320000
RIDADR
UN 1736
Hazard Class
8
Packing Group
II
Caution Statement
P280; P305 + P351 + P338; P310
Hazard Codes
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name Benzoyl chloride

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Benzoyl chloride

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Intermediates
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Acute toxicity - Oral, Category 4

Acute toxicity - Dermal, Category 4

Skin corrosion, Category 1B

Skin sensitization, Category 1

Acute toxicity - Inhalation, Category 4

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H302 Harmful if swallowed

H312 Harmful in contact with skin

H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage

H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction

H332 Harmful if inhaled

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

Response

P301+P312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P330 Rinse mouth.

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P301+P330+P331 IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P363 Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P333+P313 If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

Storage

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
Benzoyl chloride Benzoyl chloride 98-88-4 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention . Wear protective gloves when administering first aid.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Rest. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

INHALATION: may irritate eyes, nose and throat. INGESTION: causes acute discomfort. SKIN: causes irritation and burning. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Basic Treatment: Establish a patent airway. Suction if necessary. Encourage patient to take deep breaths. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilations if necessary. Administer oxygen by nonrebreather mask at 10 to 15 L/min. Monitor for pulmonary edema and treat if necessary ... . Monitor for shock and treat if necessary ... . Anticipate seizures and treat if necessary ... . For eye contamination, flush eyes immediately with water. Irrigate each eye continuously with normal saline during transport ... . Do not use emetics. For ingestion, rinse mouth and administer 5 mL/kg up to 200 mL of water for dilution if the patient can swallow, has a strong gag reflex, and does not drool ... . /Irritating materials/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Use foam, carbon dioxide, dry chemical and water fog. /Do not use/ water spray. Do not allow water to enter container.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Highly poisonous phosgene gas may be formed in fires. Behavior in Fire: At fire temperatures the compound may react violently with water or steam. (USCG, 1999)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT wash away into sewer.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Neutralizing agents for acids and caustics: soda ash and water: lime.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

See Chemical Dangers. Separated from food and feedstuffs and incompatible materials. Dry. Well closed.Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated location. Outside or detached storage is preferred. Store away from oxidizing materials.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state Colourless liquid
Colour Transparent, colorless liquid
Odour Penetrating odor
Melting point/ freezing point 258°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 198°C(lit.)
Flammability Combustible. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 1.1% by volume; Upper flammable limit: 7.1% by volume
Flash point 72°C
Auto-ignition temperature 568.89°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility In water:reacts
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
Vapour pressure 1 mm Hg ( 32 °C)
Density and/or relative density 1.211g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 4.88 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Moderate, when exposed to heat or flame.The vapour is heavier than air.BENZOYL CHLORIDE reacts violently with protic solvents such as alcohols, with amines and amides (for example dimethylformamide [Bretherick 1979 p. 6] ) and with inorganic bases. Causes the violent decomposition of dimethyl sulfoxide [Chem. Eng. News 35(9): 87 1957]. May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291]. Friedel-Crafts acylation of naphthalene using benzoyl chloride, catalyzed by AlCl3, must be conducted above the melting point of the mixture, or the reaction may be violent [Clar, E. et al., Tetrahedron, 1974, 30, 3296].

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Dimethyl sulfoxide decomposition is violent on contact with... benzoyl chloride. ...

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of /hydrogen chloride/

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 2460 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: LC50 Rat inhalation 1870 mg/cu m 2 hrs
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

Evaluation: There is limited evidence in humans for the carcinogenicity of ... benzoyl chloride. ... There is inadequate evidence in experimental animals for the carcinogenicity of benzoyl chloride. Overall evaluation: Combined exposures to alpha-chlorinated toluenes and benzoyl chloride are probably carcinogenic to humans (Group 2A). /alpha-Chlorinated toluenes & benzoyl chloride/

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50 Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) 43 mg/L/24 hr; 35 mg/L/48 hr; 35 mg/L/96 hr /Conditions of bioassay not specified
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

No data were available, but since benzoyl chloride hydrolysis is so rapid, biodegradation is not expected to be an important factor in the fate of benzoyl chloride. (SRC)

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

No data were available, but due to the rapid rate of hydrolysis of benzoyl chloride, bioconcentration is not expected to be an important factor in the fate of benzoyl chloride. (SRC)

12.4 Mobility in soil

No data were available, but due to the rapid rate of hydrolysis of benzoyl chloride, the compound is not expected to persist in the soil. (SRC)

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1736 IMDG: UN1736 IATA: UN1736

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: BENZOYL CHLORIDE
IMDG: BENZOYL CHLORIDE
IATA: BENZOYL CHLORIDE

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 8 IMDG: 8 IATA: 8

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
Benzoyl chloride Benzoyl chloride 98-88-4 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 12, 2017
Revision Date Aug 12, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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Name: Benzoyl chloride Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Benzaldehyde, alpha-chloro-; Benzenecarbonyl chloride; Benzoic acid, chloride; Benzoyl chloride; alpha-Chlorobenzaldehyd
CAS: 98-88-4
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Benzoyl chloride Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Benzaldehyde, alpha-chloro-; Benzenecarbonyl chloride; Benzoic acid, chloride; Benzoyl chloride; alpha-Chlorobenzaldehyd

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
98-88-4 Benzoyl chloride ca. 100 202-710-8
Hazard Symbols: C
Risk Phrases: 34

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Causes burns.Corrosive.Moisture sensitive.Lachrymator (substance which increases the flow of tears).Possible risks of irreversible effects.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Lachrymator (substance which increases the flow of tears). Causes severe eye irritation and burns.
Skin:
Harmful if absorbed through the skin. Causes severe skin irritation and burns.
Ingestion:
Harmful if swallowed. May cause severe and permanent damage to the digestive tract.
Inhalation:
Harmful if inhaled. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract.
May cause pulmonary edema and severe respiratory disturbances.
Vapors may cause lung injury.
Chronic:
Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. Animal studies have reported the development of tumors by skin contact.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation with water is required (at least 30 minutes).
Skin:
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Destroy contaminated shoes.
Ingestion:
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation:
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Will react with water to form toxic and corrosive fumes. Water Reactive.
Combustible Liquid. Containers may explode when heated.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. DO NOT USE WATER! Do NOT get water inside containers. For small fires, use dry chemical or carbon dioxide. For large fires, flood fire area with large quantities of water, while knocking down vapors with water fog.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways.
Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition.
Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. Use water spray to reduce vapors, do not put water directly on leak, spill area or inside container. Cover with dry earth, dry sand, or other non-combustible material followed with plastic sheet to minimize spreading and contact with water.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well-ventilated area. Use with adequate ventilation. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Do not ingest or inhale. Use with adequate ventilation. Do not allow contact with water. Discard contaminated shoes. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Keep from contact with moist air and steam.
Storage:
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not store in direct sunlight. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Keep away from water. Corrosives area. Do not store near alkaline substances. Store protected from moisture. Separate from alcohols.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use only under a chemical fume hood.
Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators:
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Appearance: clear, colorless
Odor: pungent odor
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 0.46 mm Hg @ 25 C
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 198 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: -1 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 568 deg C ( 1,054.40 deg F)
Flash Point: 72 deg C ( 161.60 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 1.2 vol %
Explosion Limits, upper: 4.9 vol %
Decomposition Temperature: Not available.
Solubility in water: decomposes
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.22
Molecular Formula: C7H5ClO
Molecular Weight: 140.4874

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. May decompose on exposure to moist air or water.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, ignition sources, moisture, contact with water, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Moisture, strong bases, strong oxidizing agents, alcohols, dimethyl sulfoxide, aluminum chloride + naphthalene, steam, May form explosive/incompatible mixtures with a wide range of substances., sodium azide + potassium hydroxide, alkalies, amines, organic materials.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hydrogen chloride, phosgene, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, oxides of chlorine.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 98-88-4: DM6600000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 98-88-4: Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 1870 mg/m3/2H; Oral, rat: LD50 = 1900 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Benzoyl chloride - ACGIH: A4 - Not Classifiable as a Human Carcinogen OSHA: Possible Select carcinogen IARC: Group 2A carcinogen Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Fish: Fathead Minnow: LC50 = 35 mg/L; 96 Hr; UnspecifiedBacteria: Phytobacterium phosphoreum: EC50 =10.4-12.2 mg/L; 5,15,30 min; Microtox test at 15 CFish: Bluegill/Sunfish: 200 ppm; 7 Hr; Unspecified (Fresh water)No data concerning the hydrolysis of benzoyl chloride in soil is available. The hydrolysis half-life is so short that the predominant terrestrial fate of benzoyl chloride is expected to be hydrolysis. In the absence of water, however, benzoyl chloride could form a variety of esters upon reaction with common soil constituents. Benzoyl chloride per se is not expected to adsorb to soils, biodegrade, photolyze, volatilize or leach to groundwater.
Other Harmful to aquatic life in very low concentrations.

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Products which are considered hazardous for supply are classified as Special Waste and the disposal of such chemicals is covered by regulations which may vary according to location. Contact a specialist disposal company or the local waste regulator for advice. Empty containers must be decontaminated before returning for recycling.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: BENZOYL CHLORIDE
Hazard Class: 8
UN Number: 1736
Packing Group: II
IMO
Shipping Name: BENZOYL CHLORIDE
Hazard Class: 8
UN Number: 1736
Packing Group: II
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: BENZOYL CHLORIDE
Dangerous Goods Code: 8(36B)
UN Number: 1736

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: C
Risk Phrases:
R 34 Causes burns.
Safety Phrases:
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 98-88-4: 2
United Kingdom Occupational Exposure Limits
Canada
CAS# 98-88-4 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 98-88-4 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
Exposure Limits
CAS# 98-88-4: OEL-HUNGARY:TWA 5 mg/m3;STEL 10 mg/m3
OEL-RUSSIA:STEL 5 mg/m3
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 98-88-4 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3
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IR Spectrum IR : liquid film
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Mass Spectrum Mass spectrum (electron ionization)
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Raman Spectrum Raman : 4880 A,100M,liquid
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Analysis Methods
Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal
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Column Shape
Packed
Active Phase(℃)
SE-30
Retention index
1080.
Temperature Control
150.
Method
isothermal
Comments
Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
Reference
Tiess, D.Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelflüchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe1984, 33, 6-9.
Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp
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Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
DB-1
Retention index
1036.5
Temperature Control
Method
temperature ramp
Comments
30. m/0.25 mm/0.25 μm, He, 3. K/min; T<sub>start</sub>: 40. C; T<sub>end</sub>: 325. C
Reference
Sun, G.Stremple, P.Retention index characterization of flavor, fragrance, and many other compounds on DB-1 and DB-XLB2003, retrieved from http://www.chem.agilent.com/cag/cabu/pdf/b-0279.pdf.
Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp
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Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
DB-1
Retention index
1038.
Temperature Control
Method
temperature ramp
Comments
30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 μm, N2, 60. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min; T<sub>end</sub>: 200. C
Reference
Gandhe, B.R.Malhotra, R.C.Gutch, P.K.Gas chromatographic retention indices of tear gases on capillary columnsJ. Chromatogr.1989, 479, 165-169.
Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program
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Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
VF-5MS
Retention index
1095.1
Temperature Control
Method
custom temperature program
Comments
30. m/0.25 mm/0.25 μm, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C
Reference
Tret'yakov, K.V.Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center.NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2007.
Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program
expand collapse
Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
Polydimethyl siloxanes
Retention index
1046.
Temperature Control
Method
custom temperature program
Comments
Program: not specified
Reference
Zenkevich, I.G.Encyclopedia of Chromatography. Derivatization of Amines, Amino Acids, Amides and Imides for GC AnalysisMarcel Dekker, Inc, New York - Basel, 2001, 224.

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