phenol

CAS No. 108-95-2

Formula: C6H6O
Basic Info

Phenol, also known as carbolic acid, is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH. It is a white crystalline solid that is volatile. The molecule consists of a phenyl group (−C6H5) bonded to a hydroxyl group (−OH). It is mildly acidic and requires careful handling due to its propensity to cause chemical burns.
Phenol was first extracted from coal tar, but today is produced on a large scale (about 7 billion kg/year) from petroleum. It is an important industrial commodity as a precursor to many materials and useful compounds. It is primarily used to synthesize plastics and related materials. Phenol and its chemical derivatives are essential for production of polycarbonates, epoxies, Bakelite, nylon, detergents, herbicides such as phenoxy herbicides, and numerous pharmaceutical drugs.

Formula
C6H6O
Molecular Weight
94.1112
Exact Mass
94.0419
LogP
1.3922
PSA
20.23
Synonyms

PHENOL CRYSTALS ANALAR

Fenolo

PHENOL, MOLTEN

CARBOLIC ACID

Izal

PhOH

PHENOL,INDUSTRIAL

Paoscle

Phenole

Phenol water saturated sol.,DNAse,RNAse

LIQUEFIED PHENOL

BENZENOL

PHENOL SOLID

ACSPHENOLCRYSTALS

PHENOL BP (DETACHED CRYSTALS)

Hydroxybenzene

PHENOL - WHOLE VOLUME, CRM STANDARD

Fenol

PHENOL FOR SYNTHESIS

PHENOL

NA 2821

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
transparent crystalline solid
Density
1.07
Boiling Point
182ºC
Melting Point
40-42ºC
Freezing Point
41℃
Flash Point
79ºC
Refractive Index
1.5418
Water Solubility
8 g/100 mL
Storage Condition
2-8ºC
Vapor Density
3.24 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
0.09 psi ( 55 °C)
Safety Info
RTECS
SJ3325000
Safety Statements
S28-S36/37-S45
WGK Germany
2
Risk Statements
R23/24/25; R34; R40; R48/20/21/22; R68
HS Code
2907111000
RIDADR
UN 1671/2312/2821
Hazard Class
6.1
Packing Group
II
Caution Statement
P260; P280; P303 + P361 + P353; P304 + P340 + P310; P305 + P351 + P338 + P310
Hazard Codes
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 400 MHz in CDCl3
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IR Spectrum IR : nujol mull
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Mass Spectrum Mass spectrum (electron ionization)
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Raman Spectrum Raman : 4880 A,200 M,powder
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ESR Spectrum ESR : OXID. IN PRESENCE OF NITROSOBENZENE
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UV Spectrum UV/Visible spectrum
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Precursor

Related Compound Information

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