Diethyl ether

CAS No. 60-29-7

Formula: C4H10O
Basic Info

Formula
C4H10O
Molecular Weight
74.1216
Exact Mass
74.0732
LogP
1.0428
PSA
9.23
Synonyms

Ethane, 1,1‘-oxybis-

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
Clear liquid
Density
0.714
Boiling Point
34.6ºC
Melting Point
-116ºC
Freezing Point
-116.3℃
Flash Point
-45ºC
Refractive Index
1.351-1.353
Water Solubility
69 g/L (20 ºC)
Stability
Stable, but light-sensitive, sensitive to air. May contain BHT (2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol) as a stabilizer. Substances to be avoided include zinc, halogens, halogen-halogen compounds, nonmetals, nonmetallic oxyhalides, strong oxidizing agents, chrom
Storage Condition
Store at RT.
Vapor Density
2.6 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
28.69 psi ( 55 °C)
Safety Info
RTECS
KI5775000
Safety Statements
S16-S29-S33-S9
WGK Germany
1
Risk Statements
R12; R19; R22; R66; R67
HS Code
2909110000
RIDADR
UN 1155 3/PG 1
Hazard Class
3
Packing Group
I
Caution Statement
P210; P301 + P312 + P330; P370 + P378; P403 + P235
Hazard Codes
Hazard Declaration
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : parameter in CDCl3
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IR Spectrum IR : liquid film
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Mass Spectrum Mass spectrum (electron ionization)
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Raman Spectrum Raman : 4880 A,200 M,liquid
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Analysis Methods
Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal
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Column Shape
Packed
Active Phase(℃)
OV-1
Retention index
495.
Temperature Control
130.
Method
isothermal
Comments
He or N2, Gas-Chrom Q
Reference
Gurevich, K.B.Roshchina, T.M.G as chromatography study of silica modified with polyfluoroalkyl groupsJ. Chromatogr. A2003, 1008, 97-103.
Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal
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Column Shape
Packed
Active Phase(℃)
SE-30
Retention index
496.
Temperature Control
100.
Method
isothermal
Comments
Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
Reference
Winskowski, J.Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen DetektorenChromatographia1983, 17, 3, 160-165.
Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal
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Column Shape
Packed
Active Phase(℃)
Squalane
Retention index
478.
Temperature Control
50.
Method
isothermal
Comments
N2, Chromosorb W-AM; Column length: 6. m
Reference
Becerra, M.R.Sánchez, E.F.Domínguez, J.A.G.Muñoz, J.G.Molera, M.J.The use of gaseous and liquid n-paraffins in GC identification of oxidation products of acetondimethyl acetalJ. Chromatogr. Sci.1982, 20, 8, 363-366.
Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal
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Column Shape
Packed
Active Phase(℃)
Porapack Q
Retention index
486.
Temperature Control
200.
Method
isothermal
Comments
N2
Reference
Goebel, K.-J.Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und RechnerhilfeJ. Chromatogr.1982, 235, 1, 119-127.
Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal
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Column Shape
Packed
Active Phase(℃)
Apiezon L
Retention index
473.
Temperature Control
120.
Method
isothermal
Comments
Celite 545
Reference
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.Anvaer, B.I.Vigdergauz, M.S.Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian)Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.
Toxicity
SKIN/EYE IRRITATION DATA
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Type of Test
Standard Draize test
Exposure Route
Administration into the eye
Species Observed
Human
Dose/Duration
100 ppm
Toxic Effects
--
Reference
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. (Cambridge, MA) V.18-31, 1936-49. For publisher information, see AEHLAU. Volume(issue)/page/year: 25,282,1943
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
Exposure Route
Oral
Species Observed
Human - man
Dose/Duration
260 mg/kg
Toxic Effects
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value--
Reference
Poisoning; Toxicology, Symptoms, Treatments, 2nd ed., Arena, J.M., Springfield, IL, C.C. Thomas, 1970 Volume(issue)/page/year: 2,73,1970
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
Exposure Route
Inhalation
Species Observed
Human
Dose/Duration
200 ppm
Toxic Effects
Sense Organs and Special Senses (Olfaction)--effect, not otherwise specified
Reference
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. (Cambridge, MA) V.18-31, 1936-49. For publisher information, see AEHLAU. Volume(issue)/page/year: 25,282,1943

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