dichloromethane

CAS No. 75-09-2

Formula: CH2Cl2
Basic Info

Dichloromethane (DCM, or methylene chloride) is an organic compound with the formula CH2Cl2. This colorless, volatile liquid with a moderately sweet aroma is widely used as a solvent. Although it is not miscible with water, it is miscible with many organic solvents. One of the most well-known applications of dichloromethane is in the drinking bird heat engine.

Formula
CH2Cl2
Molecular Weight
84.9326
Exact Mass
83.9534
LogP
1.4215
PSA
0
Synonyms

Methane,dichloro

Solmethine

Methane dichloride

methylene chloride

Dichloromethane

Methane, dichloro-

Solaesthin

Freon 30

methylene dichloride

Methylene bichloride

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
A colorless liquid with a sweet, penetrating, ether-like odor
Density
1.325
Boiling Point
39-40ºC
Melting Point
-97ºC
Flash Point
39-40ºC
Refractive Index
1.4242
Water Solubility
20 g/L (20 ºC)
Storage Condition
Store at RT.
Vapor Density
2.9 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
24.45 psi ( 55 °C)
Safety Info
RTECS
PA8050000
Safety Statements
S23-S24/25-S36/37
WGK Germany
2
Risk Statements
R40
HS Code
2903120001
RIDADR
UN 1593/1912
Hazard Class
6.1
Packing Group
III
Caution Statement
P260; P280; P305 + P351 + P338
Hazard Codes
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 16, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 16, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name dichloromethane

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Methane,dichloro

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Pesticides (chemicals used for killing pests, such as rodents, insects, or plants)
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Carcinogenicity, Category 2

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Warning

Hazard statement(s)

H351 Suspected of causing cancer

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P201 Obtain special instructions before use.

P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

Response

P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/ attention.

Storage

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
dichloromethane dichloromethane 75-09-2 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer immediately for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

INHALATION: anesthetic effects, nausea and drunkenness. CONTACT WITH SKIN AND EYES: skin irritation, irritation of eyes and nose. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR as necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Chlorinated fluorocarbons (CFCs) and related compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, foam, or water spray. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Dissociation products generated in a fire may be irritating or toxic. (USCG, 1999)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Soak up with inert absorbent material and dispose of as hazardous waste. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, metals and food and feedstuffs. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Well closed. Ventilation along the floor.Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Containers which are opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage. Heat sensitive. Store under inert gas.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

NIOSH considers methylene chloride a potential occupational carcinogen.

NIOSH usually recommends that occupational exposures to carcinogens be limited to the lowest feasible concentration.

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state A colorless liquid with a sweet, penetrating, ether-like odor
Colour Colorless liquid [Note: A gas above 104 degrees F]
Odour Sweet, pleasant odor, like chloroform
Melting point/ freezing point -97ºC
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 39.8-40°C(lit.)
Flammability Combustible LiquidCombustible under specific conditions. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 13% by volume; Upper flammable limit: 23% by volume
Flash point 39-40ºC
Auto-ignition temperature 661.67°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 0.437 mPa.s at 20°C
Solubility In water:20 g/L (20 ºC)
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 1.25
Vapour pressure 24.45 psi ( 55 °C)
Density and/or relative density 1.325g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 2.9 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

In the absence of moisture at ordinary temp, dichloromethane is relatively stable when compared with its congeners, chloroform and carbon tetrachloride.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

It is flammable in the range of 12-19% in air but ignition is difficult.The vapour is heavier than air. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.DICHLOROMETHANE reacts vigorously with active metals such as lithium, sodium and potassium, and with strong bases such as potassium tert-butoxide. It is incompatible with strong oxidizers, strong caustics and chemically active metals such as aluminum or magnesium powders. The liquid will attack some forms of plastic, rubber and coatings. This compound reacts with sodium-potassium alloy, (potassium hydrogen + N-methyl-N-nitrosurea), nitrogen tetraoxide and liquid oxygen. It also reacts with titanium. On contact with water it corrodes iron, some stainless steels, copper and nickel. It is incompatible with alkali metals. It is incompatible with amines, zinc and alloys of aluminum, magnesium and zinc. This compound is liable to explode when mixed with dinitrogen pentaoxide or nitric acid. Mixtures of this compound in air with methanol vapor are flammable.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Mixtures of /dinitrogen/ tetraoxide with ... dichloromethane ... are explosive when subjected to shock of 25 g TNT equiv or less.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

It can be decomposed by contact with hot surfaces and open flame, and then yield toxic fumes that are irritating and give warning of their presence. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of phosgene and /hydrogen chloride/.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 1600 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: LC50 Mouse inhalation 16000 ppm/7 hr plus 1 hr observation
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

NTP: Reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen

Reproductive toxicity

No studies were located regarding developmental or reproductive effects in humans from inhalation or oral exposure. Animal studies have demonstrated that methylene chloride crosses the placental barrier, and minor skeletal variations and lowered fetal body weights have been noted.

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Danio rerio (Zebra danio); Conditions: freshwater, flow through, 23°C, pH 8.15; Concentration: 254000 ug/L for 48 hr /formulation
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: LC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water flea) age < or =24 hr; Conditions: freshwater, static, 22°C, pH 7.4-9.4, dissolved oxygen 6.5-9.1 mg/L; Concentration: 310000 ug/L for 24 hr (95% confidence interval: 280000-340000 ug/L) /> or =80% purity
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: Dichloromethane is reported to completely biodegrade under aerobic conditions with sewage seed or activated sludge between 6 hours to 7 days(1-5). Dichloromethane, present at 100 mg/L, reached 13% of its theoretical BOD in 4 weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L in the Japanese MITI test (OECD 301C Method)(6). Using a respirometer test method, 49% of initial dichloromethane (10 mg/L) biodegraded using an adapted activated sludge inoculum(7). Using a Sapromat respirometer test method, nearly 100% of initial dichloromethane (660 mg/L) biodegraded using an adapted sewage inoculum(7). Dichloromethane was degraded at a concentration of 3.3 mg/L in the aqueous phase of natural sediment with a corresponding half-life of 10.9 days(8). Dichloromethane, at 50 mg/L, had 0% degradation in a Manometric respirometry test over a 28-day incubation period(9).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

Using carp (Cyprinus carpio) which were exposed over a 6-week period, a BCF range of 2.0-40 was determined for dichloromethane at initial concentrations of 25 and 250 ug/L(1). According to a classification scheme(2), this BCF range suggests bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low to moderate(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

Dichloromethane has reported experimentally derived Koc values of 28(1), 36(2), 48 and 8(3). According to a classification scheme(4), these Koc values suggest that dichloromethane is expected to have very high mobility in soil. Dichloromethane is adsorbed strongly to peat moss, less strongly to clay, only slightly to dolomite limestone, and not at all to sand(5).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1593 IMDG: UN1593 IATA: UN1593

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: DICHLOROMETHANE
IMDG: DICHLOROMETHANE
IATA: DICHLOROMETHANE

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 6.1 IMDG: 6.1 IATA: 6.1

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: III IMDG: III IATA: III

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
dichloromethane dichloromethane 75-09-2 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 16, 2017
Revision Date Aug 16, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking
  Product identifiers
    Product name        : Dichloromethane    
    REACH No.        : 01-2119480404-41-XXXX    
    CAS-No.        : 75-09-2    
  Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against
    Identified uses        : Laboratory chemicals, Manufacture of substances    
  
  

SECTION 2: Hazards identification
  Classification of the substance or mixture
  Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
    Eye irritation (Category 2), H319
    Carcinogenicity (Category 2), H351
    Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), Respiratory system, Central nervous system,
    H335, H336
    Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure (Category 2), H373
    For the full text of the H-Statements mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
  Classification according to EU Directives 67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC
    R40
    R36/37/38, R67
    For the full text of the R-phrases mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
  Label elements
  Labelling according Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Pictogram
    Signal word        Warning    
    Hazard statement(s)
    H315        Causes skin irritation.    
    H319        Causes serious eye irritation.    
    H335        May cause respiratory irritation.    
    H336        May cause drowsiness or dizziness.    
    H351        Suspected of causing cancer.    
    H373        May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.    
    Precautionary statement(s)
    P261        Avoid breathing vapours.    
    P281        Use personal protective equipment as required.    
    P305 + P351 + P338        IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove    
    contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
    Supplemental Hazard        none    
    Statements
  Other hazards - none

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients
  Substances
    Synonyms        : Methylene chloride    
    Formula        : CH2Cl2 CH2Cl2    
    Molecular Weight        : 84,93 g/mol    
    CAS-No.        : 75-09-2    
    EC-No.        : 200-838-9    
    Registration number        : 01-2119480404-41-XXXX    
  Hazardous ingredients according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Component        Classification        Concentration    
  Methylene chloride
    CAS-No.        75-09-2        Skin Irrit. 2; Eye Irrit. 2; Carc.        <= 100 %    
    EC-No.        200-838-9        2; STOT SE 3; STOT RE 2;    
    Index-No.        602-004-00-3        H315, H319, H335, H336,    
    H351, H373, H373
  Hazardous ingredients according to Directive 1999/45/EC
    Component        Classification        Concentration    
  Methylene chloride
    CAS-No.        75-09-2        Xn, Carc.Cat.3, Xi, R36/37/38 <= 100 %    
    EC-No.        200-838-9        - R40 - R67    
    Index-No.        602-004-00-3    
    For the full text of the H-Statements and R-Phrases mentioned in this Section, see Section 16

SECTION 4: First aid measures
  Description of first aid measures
  General advice
    Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
  If inhaled
    If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.
  In case of skin contact
    Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.
  In case of eye contact
    Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.
  If swallowed
    Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.
  Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
    The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling (see section 2.2) and/or in
    section 11
  Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
    no data available

SECTION 5: Firefighting measures
  Extinguishing media
  Suitable extinguishing media
    Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
  Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
    Carbon oxides, Hydrogen chloride gas
  Advice for firefighters
    Wear self contained breathing apparatus for fire fighting if necessary.
  Further information
    no data available

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures
  Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
    Use personal protective equipment. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation.
    Evacuate personnel to safe areas.
    For personal protection see section 8.
  Environmental precautions
    Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains.
  Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up
    Soak up with inert absorbent material and dispose of as hazardous waste. Keep in suitable, closed
    containers for disposal.
  Reference to other sections
    For disposal see section 13.

SECTION 7: Handling and storage
  Precautions for safe handling
    Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid inhalation of vapour or mist.
    For precautions see section 2.2.
  Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
    Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Containers which are
    opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage.
    Heat sensitive. Store under inert gas.
  Specific end use(s)
    A part from the uses mentioned in section 1.2 no other specific uses are stipulated

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection
  Control parameters
  Components with workplace control parameters
  Exposure controls
  Appropriate engineering controls
    Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and
    at the end of workday.
  Personal protective equipment
  Eye/face protection
    Face shield and safety glasses Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under
    appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).
  Skin protection
    Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique
    (without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of
    contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices.
    Wash and dry hands.
    The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and
    the standard EN 374 derived from it.
    Splash contact
    Material: Fluorinated rubber
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,7 mm
    Break through time: 148 min
    Material tested:Vitoject® (KCL 890 / Z677698, Size M)
    data source: KCL GmbH, D-36124 Eichenzell, phone +49 (0)6659 87300,     test method: EN374
    If used in solution, or mixed with other substances, and under conditions which differ from EN 374,
    contact the supplier of the CE approved gloves. This recommendation is advisory only and must
    be evaluated by an industrial hygienist and safety officer familiar with the specific situation of
    anticipated use by our customers. It should not be construed as offering an approval for any
    specific use scenario.
  Body Protection
    Complete suit protecting against chemicals, The type of protective equipment must be selected
    according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace.
  Respiratory protection
    Where risk assessment shows air-purifying respirators are appropriate use a full-face respirator
    with multi-purpose combination (US) or type AXBEK (EN 14387) respirator cartridges as a backup
    to engineering controls. If the respirator is the sole means of protection, use a full-face supplied air
    respirator. Use respirators and components tested and approved under appropriate government
    standards such as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).
  Control of environmental exposure
    Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains.

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties
  Information on basic physical and chemical properties
    a) Appearance        Form: liquid    
    Colour: colourless
    b) Odour        no data available    
    c) Odour Threshold        no data available    
    d) pH        no data available    
    e) Melting point/freezing        Melting point/range: -97 °C - lit.    
    point
    f) Initial boiling point and 39,8 - 40 °C - lit.
    boiling range
    g) Flash point        no data available    
    h) Evapouration rate        0,71    
    i) Flammability (solid, gas) no data available
    j) Upper/lower        Upper explosion limit: 19 %(V)    
    flammability or        Lower explosion limit: 12 %(V)    
    explosive limits
    k) Vapour pressure        470,9 hPa at 20,0 °C    
    l) Vapour density        2,93 - (Air = 1.0)    
    m) Relative density        1,325 g/cm3 at 25 °C    
    n) Water solubility        slightly soluble    
    o) Partition coefficient: n- log Pow: 1,25
    octanol/water
    p) Auto-ignition        556,1 °C    
    temperature        662,0 °C    
    q) Decomposition        no data available    
    temperature
    r) Viscosity        no data available    
    s) Explosive properties        no data available    
    t) Oxidizing properties        no data available    
  Other safety information
    Relative vapour density 2,93 - (Air = 1.0)

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity
  Reactivity
    no data available
  Chemical stability
    Stable under recommended storage conditions.
    Contains the following stabiliser(s):
    2-Methyl-2-butene (0,005 %)
  Possibility of hazardous reactions
    no data available
  Conditions to avoid
    Heat, flames and sparks. Exposure to sunlight.
  Incompatible materials
    Alkali metals, Aluminum, Strong oxidizing agents, Bases, Amines, Magnesium, Strong acids and strong
    bases, Vinyl compounds
  Hazardous decomposition products
    Other decomposition products - no data available
    In the event of fire: see section 5

SECTION 11: Toxicological information
  Information on toxicological effects
  Acute toxicity
    LD50 Oral - rat - > 2.000 mg/kg
    LC50 Inhalation - rat - 52.000 mg/m3
    LD50 Dermal - rat - > 2.000 mg/kg
    (OECD Test Guideline 402)
  Skin corrosion/irritation
    Skin - rabbit
    Result: Irritating to skin. - 24 h
    (Draize Test)
  Serious eye damage/eye irritation
    Eyes - rabbit
    Result: Irritating to eyes. - 24 h
    (Draize Test)
  Respiratory or skin sensitisation
    no data available
  Germ cell mutagenicity
    rat
    DNA damage
  Carcinogenicity
    Carcinogenicity - rat - Inhalation
    Tumorigenic:Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria. Endocrine:Tumors.
    Limited evidence of carcinogenicity in animal studies
    Suspected human carcinogens
    IARC:        2B - Group 2B: Possibly carcinogenic to humans (Methylene chloride)    
  Reproductive toxicity
    no data available
  Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure
    May cause respiratory irritation.
    May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
  Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure
    Inhalation - May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure. - Central nervous
    system
    Oral - May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure. - Liver, Blood
  Aspiration hazard
    no data available
  Additional Information
    RTECS: PA8050000
    Dichloromethane is metabolized in the body producing carbon monoxide which increases and sustains
    carboxyhemoglobin levels in the blood, reducing the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood., Acts as a
    simple asphyxiant by displacing air., anesthetic effects, Difficulty in breathing, Headache, Dizziness,
    Prolonged or repeated contact with skin may cause:, defatting, Dermatitis, Contact with eyes can cause:,
    Redness, Blurred vision, Provokes tears., Effects due to ingestion may include:, Gastrointestinal
    discomfort, Central nervous system depression, Paresthesia., Drowsiness, Convulsions, Conjunctivitis.,
    Pulmonary edema. Effects may be delayed., Irregular breathing., Stomach/intestinal disorders, Nausea,
    Vomiting, Increased liver enzymes., Weakness, Heavy or prolonged skin exposure may result in the
    absorption of harmful amounts of material., Abdominal pain

SECTION 12: Ecological information
  Toxicity
    Toxicity to fish        LC50 - Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) - 193,00 mg/l - 96 h    
    NOEC - Cyprinodon variegatus (sheepshead minnow) - 130 mg/l - 96 h
    Toxicity to daphnia and EC50 - Daphnia magna (Water flea) - 1.682,00 mg/l - 48 h
    other aquatic
    invertebrates
  Persistence and degradability
    no data available
  Bioaccumulative potential
    no data available
  Mobility in soil
    no data available
  Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
    PBT/vPvB assessment not available as chemical safety assessment not required/not conducted
  Other adverse effects

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations
  Waste treatment methods
  Product
    Offer surplus and non-recyclable solutions to a licensed disposal company.
  Contaminated packaging
    Dispose of as unused product.

SECTION 14: Transport information
  UN number
    ADR/RID: 1593        IMDG: 1593        IATA: 1593    
  UN proper shipping name
    ADR/RID: DICHLOROMETHANE
    IMDG: DICHLOROMETHANE
    IATA:        Dichloromethane    
  Transport hazard class(es)
    ADR/RID: 6.1        IMDG: 6.1        IATA: 6.1    
  Packaging group
    ADR/RID: III        IMDG: III        IATA: III    
  Environmental hazards
    ADR/RID: no        IMDG Marine pollutant: no        IATA: no    
  Special precautions for user
    no data available



SECTION 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
N/A


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3
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IR Spectrum IR : CCl4 solution
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Mass Spectrum Mass
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Raman Spectrum Raman : 4880 A,150M,liquid
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