anthracene

CAS No. 120-12-7

Formula: C14H10
Basic Info

Anthracene is a solid polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) of formula C14H10, consisting of three fused benzene rings. It is a component of coal tar. Anthracene is used in the production of the red dye alizarin and other dyes. Anthracene is colorless but exhibits a blue (400-500nm peak) fluorescence under ultraviolet radiation.

Formula
C14H10
Molecular Weight
178.229
Exact Mass
178.078
LogP
3.993
PSA
0
Synonyms

Anthracene

Paranaphthalene

ANTHRACEN

Tricyclo[8.4.0.03,8]tetradeca-1,3,5,7,9,11,13-heptaene

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
yellowish flakes
Density
1.28
Boiling Point
340ºC
Melting Point
215-218ºC
Flash Point
121ºC
Refractive Index
1.5948
Water Solubility
0.045 mg/L (25 ºC)
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Storage Condition
APPROX 4ºC
Vapor Density
6.15 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
1 mm Hg ( 145 °C)
Safety Info
RTECS
CA9350000
Safety Statements
S24/25
WGK Germany
2
Risk Statements
R36/37/38
HS Code
29029010
RIDADR
UN 3077 9/PG 3
Caution Statement
P261; P273; P305 + P351 + P338; P501
Hazard Codes
Hazard Declaration
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3
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IR Spectrum IR : KBr disc
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Mass Spectrum Mass spectrum (electron ionization)
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ESR Spectrum ESR : ANION RADICAL, REDUCTION WITH NA IN THF
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UV Spectrum UV/Visible spectrum
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Toxicity
SKIN/EYE IRRITATION DATA
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Type of Test
Standard Draize test
Exposure Route
Administration onto the skin
Species Observed
Rodent - mouse
Dose/Duration
118 ug
Toxic Effects
--
Reference
Cancer Letters (Shannon, Ireland). (Elsevier Scientific Pub. Ireland Ltd., POB 85, Limerick, Ireland) V.1- 1975- Volume(issue)/page/year: 4,333,1978
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
LD - Lethal dose
Exposure Route
Oral
Species Observed
Rodent - mouse
Dose/Duration
>17 gm/kg
Toxic Effects
Liver--fatty liver degeneration
Reference
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. (V/O Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR) V.1-36, 1957-1992. For publisher information, see MTPEEI Volume(issue)/page/year: 13(5),59,1969
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
Exposure Route
Intraperitoneal
Species Observed
Rodent - mouse
Dose/Duration
430 mg/kg
Toxic Effects
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value--
Reference
Progress in Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. Co., Inc., 52 Vanderbilt Ave., New York, NY 10017) V.1- 1981- Volume(issue)/page/year: 1,682,1981

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