acrylic acid

CAS No. 79-10-7

Formula: C3H4O2
Basic Info

Acrylic acid (IUPAC: prop-2-enoic acid) is an organic compound with the formula CH2=CHCOOH. It is the simplest unsaturated carboxylic acid, consisting of a vinyl group connected directly to a carboxylic acid terminus. This colorless liquid has a characteristic acrid or tart smell. It is miscible with water, alcohols, ethers, and chloroform. More than a thousand kilotons are produced annually.

Formula
C3H4O2
Molecular Weight
72.0627
Exact Mass
72.0211
LogP
0.257
PSA
37.3
Synonyms

2-Propenoic acid

monoethylene carboxylic acid

propenoic acid

Acrylic acid

vinylcarboxylic acid

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
Colorless liquid
Density
1.051
Boiling Point
139ºC
Melting Point
13ºC
Flash Point
48ºC
Refractive Index
1.4192-1.4212
Water Solubility
MISCIBLE
Stability
Stability Unstable - may contain p-methoxyphenol as an inhibitor. Prone to hazardous polymerization. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, amines. Contact with oxidizers may cause fire. Light and air sensitive. Hygroscopic.
Storage Condition
15-25ºC
Vapor Density
2.5 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
4 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
Safety Info
RTECS
AS4375000
Safety Statements
S26-S36/37/39-S45-S61
WGK Germany
1
Risk Statements
R10; R20/21/22; R35; R50
HS Code
2916110000
RIDADR
UN 2218
Hazard Class
8
Packing Group
II
Caution Statement
P210; P261; P273; P303 + P361 + P353; P304 + P340 + P310; P305 + P351 + P338
Hazard Codes
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name acrylic acid

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names monoethylene carboxylic acid

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Acrylic acid is used in the manufacture of plastics, in latex applications, in floor polish, in polymer solutions for coatings applications, emulsion polymers, paint formulations, leather finishings, and paper coatings. Acrylic acid is also used as a chemical intermediate.
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Flammable liquids, Category 3

Acute toxicity - Oral, Category 4

Acute toxicity - Dermal, Category 4

Skin corrosion, Category 1A

Acute toxicity - Inhalation, Category 4

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, short-term (Acute) - Category Acute 1

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H226 Flammable liquid and vapour

H302 Harmful if swallowed

H312 Harmful in contact with skin

H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage

H332 Harmful if inhaled

H400 Very toxic to aquatic life

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

P242 Use non-sparking tools.

P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

Response

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

P301+P312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P330 Rinse mouth.

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P301+P330+P331 IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.

P363 Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P391 Collect spillage.

Storage

P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
acrylic acid acrylic acid 79-10-7 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

May burn skin or eyes upon short contact. INHALATION: eye and nasal irritation and lacrimation. INGESTION: may cause severe damage to the gastrointestinal tract. (USCG, 1999)

Exposure Routes: inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact Symptoms: Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; eye, skin burns; skin sensitization Target Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory system (NIOSH, 2016)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR as necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Organic acids and related compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or alcohol foam extinguishers. Vapors are heavier than air and will collect in low areas. Vapors may travel long distances to ignition sources and flashback. Vapors in confined areas may explode when exposed to fire. Storage containers and parts of containers may rocket great distances, in many directions. In advanced or massive fires, fire fighting should be done from a safe distance or from a protected location. If a leak or spill has not ignited, use water spray to disperse the vapors. Water spray may be used to flush spills away from exposures and to dilute spills to nonflammable mixtures. If material or contaminated runoff enters waterways, notify downstream users of potentially contaminated waters. Notify local health and fire officials and pollution control agencies. From a secure, explosion-proof location, use water spray to cool exposed containers. If cooling streams are ineffective (venting sound increases in volume and pitch, tank discolors or shows any signs of deforming), withdraw immediately to a secure position.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic vapors are generated when heated Behavior in Fire: May polymerize and explode (USCG, 1999)

Excerpt from ERG Guide 132P [Flammable Liquids - Corrosive]: Flammable/combustible material. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Those substances designated with a (P) may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. (ERG, 2016)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

SRP: Wastewater from contaminant suppression, cleaning of protective clothing/equipment, or contaminated sites should be contained and evaluated for subject chemical or decomposition product concentrations. Concentrations shall be lower than applicable environmental discharge or disposal criteria. Alternatively, pretreatment and/or discharge to a permitted wastewater treatment facility is acceptable only after review by the governing authority and assurance that "pass through" violations will not occur. Due consideration shall be given to remediation worker exposure (inhalation, dermal and ingestion) as well as fate during treatment, transfer and disposal. If it is not practicable to manage the chemical in this fashion, it must be evaluated in accordance with EPA 40 CFR Part 261, specifically Subpart B, in order to determine the appropriate local, state and federal requirements for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, strong acids and food and feedstuffs. Keep in the dark. Store only if stabilized. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Storage conditions may vary according to the type of inhibitor used. Refer to the manufacturer's instructions for proper storage conditions. See Notes.Acrylic acid should be stored in a detached, cool, well-ventilated, non-combustible place, and its containers should be protected against physical damage. Acrylic acid can be stored only in vessels lined with glass, stainless steel, aluminum, or polyethylene. In order to inhibit polymerization during transport and storage, 200 ppm MeHQ (the monomethyl ether of hydroquinone) is commonly added to acrylic acid by the manufacturer. The presence of oxygen is required for the inhibitor to be effective. A major concern during the storage of acrylic acid is the avoidance of elevated temperatures as well as freezing, since both can lead to a failure of the inhibitor system. Ideally acrylic acid should be stored within a temperature range of 15 to 25°C.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10-hour Time-Weighted Average: 2 ppm (6 mg/cu m) [skin].

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state Colorless liquid
Colour Volatile liquid
Odour Acrid odor and fumes
Melting point/ freezing point 315°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 139°C(lit.)
Flammability Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 37.78°C and below 60°C.Flammable. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 2.4% by volume; Upper flammable limit: 8.0% by volume
Flash point 46°C
Auto-ignition temperature 395.56°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH pH = 3 (approximately)
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility In water:MISCIBLE
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
Vapour pressure 4 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
Density and/or relative density 1.051g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 2.5 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Acrylic acid and methacrylic acid readily polymerize in the presence of light, heat and oxygen, and also under the action of oxidizing agents such as peroxides.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Flammable liquid. ... A fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame.Vapours are uninhibited and may polymerize in vents or flame arresters, causing blockage.Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air. If dry, it can be charged electrostatically by swirling, pneumatic transport, pouring, etc.ACRYLIC ACID may polymerize violently especially when the frozen acid is partially thawed (freezing point 12°C or 11.67°C). Frozen acid should be melted at room temperature and the process should be well stirred. Do not use heat during the melting process [Kirk-Othmer, 3rd ed., Vol. 1, 1978, p. 330]. Corrodes iron and steel and polymerization may occur on contact with iron salts. The uninhibited acid polymerizes exothermically at ambient temperature and explodes if confined. The inhibitor (usually hydroquinone) greatly reduces the tendency to polymerize. Explosive polymerization can also occur with strong bases, amines, ammonia, oleum, chlorosulfonic acid, and peroxides. Mixing with 2-aminoethanol, 28% ammonium hydroxide, ethylenediamine or ethyleneimine in a closed container causes an increase in temperature and pressure. Can react violently with oxidizing reagents and strong bases [Bretherick, 5th ed., 1995, p. 419].

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Violent reaction with strong oxidizers. Incompatible with sulfuric acid, caustics, ammonia, amines, isocyanates, alkylene oxides, epichlorohydrin, toluene diamine, oleum, pyridine, methyl pyridine, n-methyl pyrrolidone, 2-methyl-6-ether aniline, aniline, ethylene diamine, ethyleneimine, and 2-aminoethanol. Severely corrodes carbon steel and iron; attacks other metals. May accumulate static electrical charges and may cause ignition of its vapors.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

Acrylic acid rapidly decomposes in the atmosphere by photochemical attack on the double bond.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 193 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: LC50 Rat inhalation 1200 ppm/4 hr
  • Dermal: LD50 Rabbit percutaneous 290 mg/kg

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

Evaluation: No epidemiological data relevant to the carcinogenicity of acrylic acid were available. No experimental data relevant to the carcinogenicity of acrylic acid were available. Overall evaluation: Acrylic acid is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity in humans (Group 3).

Reproductive toxicity

No information is available on the reproductive or developmental effects of acrylic acid in humans. Decreased body weight gain and decreased fertility were reported in one study of rats exposed to acrylic acid by ingestion, although the decrease in fertility was not statistically significant compared with the control. Embryotoxic and teratogenic effects (birth defects) were observed in rats injected with acrylic acid.

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Brachydanio rerio (Zebra fish); Conditions: semi-static, open system, measured concentration; Concentration: 222 mg/L/96 hr
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: LC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water flea, age < or =24 hr); Conditions: freshwater, static, 20-22°C, pH 7.6-7.7; Concentration: 270 mg/L for 24 hr /formulation
  • Toxicity to algae: Toxicity threshold (cell multiplication inhibition test): Algae (Microcystis aeruginosa) 0.15 mg/L.
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: Acrylic acid, present at 100 mg/L, reached 68% of its theoretical BOD in 2 weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L and the Japanese MITI test(1). The BOD5/COD ratio for acrylic acid was determined to be 0.22, which is indicative of significant potential for biodegradability(2). A microbial degradation study of acrylic acid in soil indicated that acrylic acid, formed from hydrolysis of acrylamide added to soil, was totally degraded within 15 days of its formation(3).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 3 was calculated in fish for acrylic acid(SRC), using a log Kow of 0.35(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

Koc values for acrylic acid have been reported as 6 in Washington clay/loam (29% sand, 42% silt, 29% clay, 3.39% organic carbon, pH 6.0), 9 in Canfield loam (45% sand, 42% silt, 13% clay, 4.58% organic carbon, pH 6.1), 29 in Ellsworth loam (35% sand, 40% silt, 25% clay, 1.42% organic carbon, pH 7.2), 137 in Tyner loamy sand (79% sand, 14% silt, 7% clay, 0.46% organic carbon, pH 5.2), and 33 in sandy loam sediment (53% sand, 28% silt, 19% clay, 1.23% organic carbon, pH 7.5)(1) According to a classification scheme(2), these Koc values suggest that acrylic acid is expected to have very high to high mobility in soil. The pKa of acrylic acid is 4.26(3), indicating that this compound will exist almost entirely in anion form in the environment and anions generally do not adsorb more strongly to soils containing organic carbon and clay than their neutral counterparts(4).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN2218 IMDG: UN2218 IATA: UN2218

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: ACRYLIC ACID, STABILIZED
IMDG: ACRYLIC ACID, STABILIZED
IATA: ACRYLIC ACID, STABILIZED

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: yes IMDG: yes IATA: yes

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
acrylic acid acrylic acid 79-10-7 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 12, 2017
Revision Date Aug 12, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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Name: Acrylic acid stabilized with about 200 ppm MEHQ Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: 2-Propenoic acid; Acroleic acid; Acrylic acid, inhibited; Ethylenecarboxylic acid; Glacial acrylic acid; Propene acid; Propenoic acid; Vinylformic acid
CAS: 79-10-7
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Acrylic acid stabilized with about 200 ppm MEHQ Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:2-Propenoic acid; Acroleic acid; Acrylic acid, inhibited; Ethylenecarboxylic acid; Glacial acrylic acid; Propene acid; Propenoic acid; Vinylformic acid

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
79-10-7 Acrylic acid >99 201-177-9
Hazard Symbols: C N
Risk Phrases: 10 20/21/22 35 50

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Flammable. Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. Causes severe burns. Very toxic to aquatic organisms.Stench.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
May result in corneal injury. Causes severe eye irritation and burns. Direct contact with the liquid may cause blindness.
Skin:
Harmful if absorbed through the skin. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material. Causes severe skin irritation and burns.
Ingestion:
May be fatal if swallowed. May cause corrosion and permanent tissue destruction of the esophagus and digestive tract.
Inhalation:
May cause liver and kidney damage. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation.
Inhalation of vapors causes nasal irritation. Acrylic acid caused slight focal degeneration of the olfactory mucosa in mice exposed intermittently at 5 ppm. It caused changes in respiratory rate and volume in unanesthetized rats exposed at irritating concentrations.
Chronic:
Acrylic acid caused teratogenic and embryotoxic effects in rats injected intraperitoneally at dose levels as low as 4.7 and 8 mg/kg of body weight.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Get medical aid immediately. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
If swallowed, do NOT induce vomiting. Get medical aid immediately.
If victim is fully conscious, give a cupful of water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
Inhalation:
If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Water runoff can cause environmental damage. Dike and collect water used to fight fire. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Flammable liquid and vapor. May polymerize explosively when involved in a fire. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its own vapors. Closed containers may rupture violently when heated.
Vapors are heavier than air and may travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Vapors can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Fight fire from protected location or maximum possible distance.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray, dry chemical, "alcohol resistant" foam, or carbon dioxide.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. Use water spray to cool and disperse vapors, protect personnel, and dilute spills to form nonflammable mixtures.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Discard contaminated shoes. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Do not use steam or electrical heating systems such as coils, jackets, tapes, mantles, lights, etc. to thaw any solidified monomer. The application of concentrated heat will cause polymerization and possibly rupture the container. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Do not breathe vapor or mist. Pure vapor will be uninhibited and may polymerize in vents or other confined spaces. Use only with adequate ventilation or respiratory protection.
Storage:
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Keep from freezing. Keep container closed when not in use.
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area. Store only in glass, stainless steel, aluminum or polyethylene-lined equipment. Separate from oxidizing materials.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits CAS# 79-10-7: Belgium - TWA: 2 ppm VLE; 6.0 mg/m3 VLE France - VME: 2 ppm VME; 6 mg/m3 VME France - VLE: 10 ppm VLE; 30 mg/m3 VLE Malaysia: 2 ppm TWA; 5.9 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 2 ppm MAC; 5.9 mg/m3 MAC Russia: 5 mg/m3 TWA Spain: 2 ppm VLA-ED; 6 mg/m3 VLA-ED CAS# 150-76-5: Belgium - TWA: 5 mg/m3 VLE France - VME: 5 mg/m3 VME Germany: 5 mg/m3 TWA Malaysia: 5 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 5 mg/m3 MAC Spain: 5 mg/m3 VLA-ED Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear chemical splash goggles.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: colorless
Odor: acrid odor - stench
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 4 mm Hg @ 25 deg C
Viscosity: 1.3 mPas 20 deg C
Boiling Point: 139 deg C @ 760 mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point: 13 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 438 deg C ( 820.40 deg F)
Flash Point: 48 deg C ( 118.40 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 2.0%
Explosion Limits, upper: 8.0%
Decomposition Temperature: 200 deg C
Solubility in water: Soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.05 g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C3H4O2
Molecular Weight: 72.06

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable only if stored and handled under recommended conditions. The stability of the product depends upon the availability of both dissolved oxygen and MEHQ inhibitor(CAS=150-76-5). The presence of oxygen is necessary for the MEHQ to function effectively. The product should never be stored under an inert gas atmosphere, but should always be stored under an atmosphere containing 5-21% oxygen by volume.
Conditions to Avoid:
Light, ignition sources, excess heat, loss of inhibitor.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Metals, strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, amines, ammonia, peroxides, epichlorohydrin, alkalis, ethyleneimine, pyridine, polymerizing initiators, 2-aminoethanol, ethylene diamine, carbon steel.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will occur.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 79-10-7: AS4375000 CAS# 150-76-5: SL7700000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 79-10-7: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 1 mg Severe; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 250 ug/24H Severe; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 5 mg/24H Severe; Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 5300 mg/m3/2H; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 2400 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 33500 ug/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 280 uL/kg.
CAS# 150-76-5: Draize test, rabbit, skin: 6 gm/12D (Intermittent) Mild; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 10%; Oral, rat: LD50 = 1600 mg/kg.
Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 280 uL/kg = 294 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Acrylic acid - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
p-Hydroxyanisole - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Water flea Daphnia: EC50 = 270 mg/L; 24 Hr; Static bioassay at 20-22C, pH 7.6Fish: Brown trout: LC50 = 130460 mg/L; 24-96 Hr; Unspecified

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: ACRYLIC ACID, INHIBITED
Hazard Class: 8 (3)
UN Number: 2218
Packing Group: II
IMO
Shipping Name: ACRYLIC ACID, INHIBITED
Hazard Class: 8 (3)
UN Number: 2218
Packing Group: II
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: ACRYLIC ACID, INHIBITED
Hazard Class: 8
UN Number: 2218
Packing group: II
USA RQ: CAS# 79-10-7: 5000 lb final RQ; 2270 kg final RQ

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: C N
Risk Phrases:
R 10 Flammable.
R 20/21/22 Harmful by inhalation, in contact with
skin and if swallowed.
R 35 Causes severe burns.
R 50 Very toxic to aquatic organisms.
Safety Phrases:
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves
and eye/face protection.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
S 61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to
special instructions/safety data sheets.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 79-10-7: 1
CAS# 150-76-5: 1
Canada
CAS# 79-10-7 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 150-76-5 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 79-10-7 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 150-76-5 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 79-10-7 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
CAS# 150-76-5 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3
expand collapse
IR Spectrum IR : CCl4 solution
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Mass Spectrum Mass spectrum (electron ionization)
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Raman Spectrum Raman : 4880 A,150M,liquid
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