Potassium chloride

CAS No. 7447-40-7

Formula: ClK
Basic Info

The chemical compound potassium chloride (KCl) is a metal halide salt composed of potassium and chloride. It is odorless and has a white or colorless vitreous crystal appearance. The solid dissolves readily in water and its solutions have a salt-like taste. KCl is used in medicine, scientific applications, food processing, and used to cause cardiac arrest as the third drug in the "three drug cocktail" for executions by lethal injection. It occurs naturally as the mineral sylvite and in combination with sodium chloride as sylvinite.

Formula
ClK
Molecular Weight
74.5513
Exact Mass
73.9326
LogP
-2.996
PSA
0
Synonyms

Sylvite

Muriate of potash

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
white crystals
Density
1.984
Boiling Point
1420ºC
Melting Point
770ºC
Flash Point
1420ºC
Refractive Index
n20/D 1.334
Water Solubility
340 g/L (20 ºC)
Stability
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids. Protect from moisture. Hygroscopic.
Storage Condition
2-8ºC
Safety Info
RTECS
TS8050000
Safety Statements
S26-S39
WGK Germany
1
Risk Statements
R36
HS Code
3104209000
Hazard Class
5.1
Packing Group
II
Hazard Codes
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name Potassium chloride

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Sylvite

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Processing Aids and Additives
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Not classified.

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s) No symbol.
Signal word

No signal word.

Hazard statement(s)

none

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

none

Response

none

Storage

none

Disposal

none

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
Potassium chloride Potassium chloride 7447-40-7 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest.

In case of skin contact

Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

SYMPTOMS: Large doses of this chemical usually induce vomiting, so acute intoxication by mouth is rare. If no pre-existing kidney damage, it is rapidly excreted. Poisoning disturbs the rhythm of heart. Large doses by mouth can cause gastrointestinal irritation, purging, weakness, and circulatory disturbances.

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

KCl poisoning can be potentially life-threatening, particularly in massive ingestions of sustained-release preparations. Profound hyperkalemia, developing over several hours, can lead to cardiac arrhythmias and death. This case series reports three episodes of sustained-release KCl poisoning in two individuals requiring whole bowel irrigation or hemodialysis. The first two episodes, in the same patient, illustrate the contrast between the successful use of decontamination versus the need for hemodialysis. The second case, in a child, illustrates the need for tertiary level pediatric expertise in managing this type of poisoning. Whole bowel irrigation with polyethylene glycol is a resource-intensive procedure most beneficial when large numbers of radio-opaque tablets are seen in the stomach. In cases where most of the tablet matter has already been absorbed, extracorporeal methods of rapidly reducing the total body burden of potassium, such as hemodialysis, might be life-saving.

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Flammability data is not available, but this compound is probably nonflammable.

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas. Avoid breathing dust.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Dry.Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Hygroscopic, keep in a dry place. Storage class (TRGS 510): Non combustible solids.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state white crystals
Colour White crystals or crystalline powder
Odour Odorless
Melting point/ freezing point 773°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 146°C
Flammability Not combustible.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 40°C(lit.)
Auto-ignition temperature no data available
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH pH: about 7
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility In water:340 g/L (20 ºC)
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
Vapour pressure no data available
Density and/or relative density 1.98g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density no data available
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

POTASSIUM CHLORIDE is not in general strongly reactive. Violent reaction with BrF3 and with a mixture of sulfuric acid potassium permanganate mixture . Reacts with concentrated sulfuric acid to generate fumes of hydrogen chloride.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

An attempt to prepare permanganyl chloride by cautiously adding concn sulfuric acid to an intimate mixture of the salts at 0°C in clean glass apparatus caused a violent explosion.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

Hydrogen chloride gas, Potassium oxides.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Guinea pig oral 2500 mg/kg body weight
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill) size 5.3-7.2 cm, wt 3.5-3.9 g; Conditions: freshwater, static; Concentration: 2010000 ug/L for 96 hr.
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water flea); Conditions: freshwater, static; Concentration: 15.12 mM for 24 hr; Effect: intoxication, immobilization /total
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

no data available

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

no data available

12.4 Mobility in soil

no data available

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. IMDG: Not dangerous goods. IATA: Not dangerous goods.

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: unknown
IMDG: unknown
IATA: unknown

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. IMDG: Not dangerous goods. IATA: Not dangerous goods.

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. IMDG: Not dangerous goods. IATA: Not dangerous goods.

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
Potassium chloride Potassium chloride 7447-40-7 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 12, 2017
Revision Date Aug 12, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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  Potassium Chloride [for General Organic Chemistry] Revision number: 5
  SAFETY DATA SHEET

Section 1. IDENTIFICATION
  Product name:        Potassium Chloride [for General Organic Chemistry]    

Section 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  GHS classification
  PHYSICAL HAZARDS        Not classified    
  HEALTH HAZARDS
  Acute toxicity (Oral)        Category 5    
    Not classified
  ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS
  GHS label elements, including precautionary statements
    None
  Pictograms or hazard symbols
  Signal word        Warning    
    May be harmful if swallowed
  Hazard statements
  Precautionary statements:
    Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
  [Response]

Section 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
  Substance/mixture:        Substance    
  Components:        Potassium Chloride [for General Organic Chemistry]    
  Percent:        >99.5%(T)    
  CAS Number:        7447-40-7    
    KCl
  Chemical Formula:

Section 4. FIRST AID MEASURES
  Inhalation:        Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.    
    Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
  Skin contact:        Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Gently wash with plenty of    
    soap and water. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
  Eye contact:        Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present    
    and easy to do. Continue rinsing. If eye irritation persists: Get medical
    advice/attention.
  Ingestion:        Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth.    
    Cough, Sore throat, Diarrhoea, Nausea, Vomiting, Weakness, Convulsions,
  Most important
  symptoms/effects, acute        Redness, Pain    
  and delayed:
  Protection of first-aiders:        A rescuer should wear personal protective equipment, such as rubber gloves and air-    
    tight goggles.

Section 5. FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES
  Suitable extinguishing        Dry chemical, foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.    
  media:
  Potassium Chloride [for General Organic
  Chemistry]

Section 5. FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES
  Specific hazards arising Take care as it may decompose upon combustion or in high temperatures to
  from the chemical:        generate poisonous fume.    
  Precautions for firefighters: Fire-extinguishing work is done from the windward and the suitable fire-extinguishing
    method according to the surrounding situation is used. Uninvolved persons should
    evacuate to a safe place. In case of fire in the surroundings: Remove movable
    containers if safe to do so.
  Special protective        When extinguishing fire, be sure to wear personal protective equipment.    
  equipment for firefighters:

Section 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
    Use personal protective equipment. Keep people away from and upwind of spill/leak.
  Personal precautions,
  protective equipment and Entry to non-involved personnel should be controlled around the leakage area by
  emergency procedures: roping off, etc.
  Environmental precautions: Prevent product from entering drains.
  Methods and materials for Sweep dust to collect it into an airtight container, taking care not to disperse it.
  containment and cleaning Adhered or collected material should be promptly disposed of, in accordance with
  up: appropriate laws and regulations.

Section 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE
  Precautions for safe handling
  Technical measures:        Handling is performed in a well ventilated place. Wear suitable protective equipment.    
    Prevent dispersion of dust. Wash hands and face thoroughly after handling.
    Use a local exhaust if dust or aerosol will be generated.
  Advice on safe handling: Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing.
  Conditions for safe storage, including any
  incompatibilities
  Storage conditions:        Keep container tightly closed. Store in a cool and dark place.    
    Store under inert gas.
    Protect from moisture.
    Store away from incompatible materials such as oxidizing agents.
    Hygroscopic
  Packaging material:        Comply with laws.    

Section 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering controls:        Install a closed system or local exhaust as possible so that workers should not be    
    exposed directly. Also install safety shower and eye bath.
  Personal protective equipment
  Respiratory protection: Dust respirator. Follow local and national regulations.
  Hand protection:        Protective gloves.    
    Safety glasses. A face-shield, if the situation requires.
  Eye protection:
  Skin and body protection: Protective clothing. Protective boots, if the situation requires.

Section 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
  Physical state (20°C):        Solid    
    Crystal- Powder
  Form:
  Colour:        White    
    Odorless
  Odour:
  pH: No data available
  Melting point/freezing point:773°C
  Boiling point/range:        No data available    
    No data available
  Flash point:
  Flammability or explosive
  limits:
  Lower:        No data available    
  Upper:        No data available    
  Relative density:        No data available    
  Potassium Chloride [for General Organic
  Chemistry]

Section 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
  Solubility(ies):
    Soluble (34g/100g, 20°C)
  [Water]
  [Other solvents]
    Ether, Glycerol
  Soluble:
  Very slightly        Alcohols    
  soluble:

Section 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical stability:        Stable under proper conditions.    
  Possibility of hazardous No special reactivity has been reported.
  reactions:
  Incompatible materials: Oxidizing agents
  Hazardous decomposition Hydrogen chloride
  products:

Section 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
    orl-rat LD50:2600 mg/kg
  Acute Toxicity:
    ipr-rat LD50:660 mg/kg
    ivn-rat LD50:142 mg/kg
    orl-man LDLo:20 mg/kg
  Skin corrosion/irritation: No data available
  Serious eye        eye-rbt 500 mg/24H MLD    
  damage/irritation:
  Germ cell mutagenicity: mmo-sat 100 ug/plate (+/-S9)
    dns-rat-orl 1500 ug/kg
  Carcinogenicity:
    No data available
  IARC =
  NTP =        No data available    
  Reproductive toxicity:        No data available    
  RTECS Number:        TS8050000    

Section 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
  Fish:        No data available    
  Crustacea:        No data available    
    No data available
  Algae:
  Persistence / degradability: No data available
    No data available
  Bioaccumulative
  potential(BCF):
  Mobility in soil
  Log Pow:        No data available    
  Soil adsorption (Koc):        No data available    
  Henry's Law        No data available    
  constant(PaM3/mol):

Section 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
    Recycle to process, if possible. Consult your local regional authorities. You may be able to dissolve or mix material
    with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber system.
    Observe all federal, state and local regulations when disposing of the substance.

Section 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION
  Hazards Class:        Does not correspond to the classification standard of the United Nations    
  UN-No:        Not listed    
  Potassium Chloride [for General Organic
  Chemistry]

Section 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION
  Safe management ordinance of dangerous chemical product (State Council announces on January 26, 2002
  and revised on February 16,2011): Safe use and production, the storage of a dangerous chemical, transport,
    loading and unloading were prescribed.


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