propan-1-ol

CAS No. 71-23-8

Formula: C3H8O
Basic Info

1-Propanol is a low molecular weight alcohol that is currently being investigated as an alternative fuel for direct methanol/oxygen fuel cells. 1-Propanol is also used as a coupling and dispersing agent in the pharmaceutical and chemicals industries.

Formula
C3H8O
Molecular Weight
60.095
Exact Mass
60.0575
LogP
0.3887
PSA
20.23
Synonyms

Propanol-1

FEMA 2928

n-propylalcohol

propyl alcohol

Propanole

Propanoli

Propanolen

PROPANOL

albacol

Optal

1-propyl alcohol

n-C3H7OH

1-Propanol

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
colourless liquid
Density
0.8
Boiling Point
97ºC
Melting Point
-127ºC
Flash Point
15ºC
Refractive Index
1.384-1.386
Water Solubility
soluble
Stability
Stable. May form peroxides in contact with air. Incompatible with alkali metals, alkaline earths, aluminium, oxidizing agents, nitro compounds. Highly flammable. Vapour/air mixtures explosive.
Storage Condition
Store at RT.
Vapor Density
2.1 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
10 mm Hg ( 147 °C)
Safety Info
RTECS
UH8225000
Safety Statements
S16-S24-S26-S39-S7
WGK Germany
1
Risk Statements
R11; R41; R67
HS Code
2905121000
RIDADR
UN 1274
Hazard Class
3
Packing Group
II
Caution Statement
P210; P261; P280; P305 + P351 + P338
Hazard Codes
Hazard Declaration
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3
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IR Spectrum IR : liquid film
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Raman Spectrum Raman : 4880 A,100M,liquid
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Toxicity
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
Exposure Route
Oral
Species Observed
Human - woman
Dose/Duration
5700 mg/kg
Toxic Effects
Cardiac--other changes<br>Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration--other changes
Reference
Archiv fuer Toxikologie. (Berlin, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.15-31, 1954-74. For publisher information, see ARTODN. Volume(issue)/page/year: 16,84,1956
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
Exposure Route
Oral
Species Observed
Rodent - rat
Dose/Duration
1870 mg/kg
Toxic Effects
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value--
Reference
AMA Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Medicine. (Chicago, IL) V.2-10, 1950-54. For publisher information, see AEHLAU. Volume(issue)/page/year: 10,61,1954
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
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Type of Test
LCLo - Lowest published lethal concentration
Exposure Route
Inhalation
Species Observed
Rodent - rat
Dose/Duration
4000 ppm/4H
Toxic Effects
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value--
Reference
AMA Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Medicine. (Chicago, IL) V.2-10, 1950-54. For publisher information, see AEHLAU. Volume(issue)/page/year: 10,61,1954

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