formic acid

CAS No. 64-18-6

Formula: CH2O2
Basic Info

Formic acid (also called methanoic acid) is the simplest carboxylic acid. The chemical formula is HCOOH or HCO2H. It is an important intermediate in chemical synthesis and occurs naturally, most notably in some ants. The word "formic" comes from the Latin word for ant, formica, referring to its early isolation by the distillation of ant bodies. Esters, salts, and the anions derived from formic acid are called formates.

Formula
CH2O2
Molecular Weight
46.0254
Exact Mass
46.0055
LogP
0.3367
PSA
37.3
Synonyms

Myrmicyl

formic

Amasil

MORBICID

Formic acid

Add-F

Formira

FORMOL

HCOOH

Bilorin

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
colorless liquid with a pungent odor
Density
1.22
Boiling Point
101ºC
Melting Point
8ºC
Flash Point
69ºC
Refractive Index
1.3701-1.3721
Water Solubility
MISCIBLE
Stability
Stable. Substances to be avoided include strong bases, strong oxidizing agents and powdered metals, furfuryl alcohol. Combustible. Hygroscopic. Pressure may build up in tightly closed bottles, so bottles should be opened carefully and vented periodically.
Storage Condition
2-8ºC
Vapor Density
1.03 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
52 mm Hg ( 37 °C)
Safety Info
RTECS
LP8925000
Safety Statements
S23-S26-S45
WGK Germany
2
Risk Statements
R35
HS Code
2915110000
RIDADR
UN 1779
Hazard Class
8
Packing Group
II
Caution Statement
P261; P280; P301 + P312 + P330; P303 + P361 + P353; P304 + P340 + P310; P305 + P351 + P338
Hazard Codes
Hazard Declaration
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name formic acid

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names formic

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Preservatives and Antioxidants;Processing Aids and Additives
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Skin corrosion, Category 1A

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

Response

P301+P330+P331 IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P363 Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

Storage

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
formic acid formic acid 64-18-6 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Liquid causes skin and eye burns. Vapors are irritating and painful to breath. Vapor exposure may cause nausea and vomiting. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

... Hemodialysis accelerates both the elimination of both methanol and formic acid and also assists in correction of metabolic acidosis. Experimental data suggests that the administration of folic acid may be of benefit by hastening the metabolism of formic acid to carbon dioxide. Prompt ... /treatment/ can probably decr the morbidity and mortality /associated with this form/ of poisoning.

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Use water spray, dry chemical, "alcohol resistant" foam, or carbon dioxide. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic vapor generated in fires (USCG, 1999)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Cautiously neutralize spilled liquid with weak alkaline solution such as disodium carbonate. Then wash away with plenty of water.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Spill or leak procedures: Use water spray to cool and disperse vapors and protect personnel. Control runoff and isolate discharged material for proper disposal. Neutralize spill and washings with soda ash or lime.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, strong acids and food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.Store in a dry, well-ventilated place. Separate from oxidizing materials and alkaline substances.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hour Time-Weighted Average: 5 ppm (9 mg/cu m).

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state colorless liquid with a pungent odor
Colour Colorless fuming liquid
Odour Pungent, penetrating odor
Melting point/ freezing point 8°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 100-101°C(lit.)
Flammability Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 37.78°C and below 60°C. (90% solution)Combustible.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 18% by volume; Upper flammable limit: 57% by volume
Flash point 49°C
Auto-ignition temperature 540°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 1.607 mPas at 25°C
Solubility In water:MISCIBLE
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
Vapour pressure 52 mm Hg ( 37 °C)
Density and/or relative density 1.22g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 1.03 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

May deteriorate in normal storage and cause hazard.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Combustible liquid when wxposed to heat or flame ... .FORMIC ACID reacts exothmerically with all bases, both organic (for example, the amines) and inorganic. Reacts with active metals to form gaseous hydrogen and a metal salt. Reacts with cyanide salts to generate gaseous hydrogen cyanide. Reacts with diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, and sulfides to generate flammable or toxic gases. Reacts with sulfites, nitrites, thiosulfates (to give H2S and SO3), dithionites (SO2), to generate flammable and/or toxic gases and heat. Reacts with carbonates and bicarbonates to generate carbon dioxide but still heat. Can be oxidized by strong oxidizing agents and reduced by strong reducing agents. These reactions generate heat. May initiate polymerization reactions or catalyze other chemical reactions. A mixture with furfuryl alcohol exploded [Chem. Eng. News 18:72(1940)].

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

/Aluminium/ ... reduces the acid (itself a reducant) with incandescence.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

The substance decomposes on heating and on contact with strong acids (sulfuric acid) producing carbon monoxide.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Dog oral 4000 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: LC50 Mouse inhalation 6200 mg/cu m /15 min
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill); Concentration: 175 mg/L for 24 hr /Conditions of bioassay not specified in source examined
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: LC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water flea); Concentration: 34 mg/L for 24 hr /Conditions of bioassay not specified in source examined
  • Toxicity to algae: EC50; Species: Scenedesmus subspicatus (Green algae); Concentration: 26.9 mg/L for 72 hr; Effect: cell multiplication inhibition /Conditions of bioassay not specified in source examined
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: Formic acid biodegrades readily in screening tests(1-9). Specific results include: 4.3 and 38.8% of theoretical BOD after 5 and 10 days using a sewage inoculum(1); 43.7-77.6% of theoretical BOD after 5 days with a sewage inoculum(2); 70% of theoretical BOD in 24 hours using activated sludge(3); 66% of theoretical BOD in 12 hours using an activated sludge inoculum(4); 39.9% of theoretical BOD in 24 hours with activated sludge(5); 48 and 51% of theoretical BOD after 5 days with unacclimated and acclimated sewage inoculum, respectively(6); and 40.5 and 51.7% of theoretical BOD after 5 days with sewage inocula in fresh water and synthetic seawater, respectively(7). Microorganisms are present in the air that can degrade formate in rainwater(8). Formic acid, present at 100 mg/L, reached 110% of its theoretical BOD in 2 weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L in the Japanese MITI test(9).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 3 was calculated in fish for formic acid(SRC), using a log Kow of -0.54(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

The Koc of formic acid is estimated as 1(SRC), using a log Kow of -0.54(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this estimated Koc value suggests that formic acid is expected to have very high mobility in soil. The pKa of formic acid is 3.75(4), indicating that this compound will primarily exist in anion form in the environment and anions generally do not adsorb more strongly to organic carbon and clay than their neutral counterparts(5).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1779 IMDG: UN1779 IATA: UN1779

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: FORMIC ACID with more than 85% acid by mass
IMDG: FORMIC ACID with more than 85% acid by mass
IATA: FORMIC ACID with more than 85% acid by mass

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
formic acid formic acid 64-18-6 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 12, 2017
Revision Date Aug 12, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking
  Product identifiers
    Product name        : Formic acid    
    REACH No.        : A registration number is not available for this substance as the substance    
    or its uses are exempted from registration, the annual tonnage does not
    require a registration or the registration is envisaged for a later
    registration deadline.
    CAS-No.        : 64-18-6    
  Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against
    Identified uses        : Laboratory chemicals, Manufacture of substances    
  
  

SECTION 2: Hazards identification
  Classification of the substance or mixture
  Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Skin corrosion (Category 1A), H314
    Flammable liquids (Category 3), H226
    For the full text of the H-Statements mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
  Classification according to EU Directives 67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC
    C Corrosive        R10, R35    
    For the full text of the R-phrases mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
  Label elements
  Labelling according Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Pictogram
    Signal word        Danger    
    Hazard statement(s)
    H226        Flammable liquid and vapour.    
    H314        Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.    
    Precautionary statement(s)
    P280        Wear protective gloves/ protective clothing/ eye protection/ face    
    protection.
    P305 + P351 + P338        IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove    
    contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
    P310        Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/ physician.    
    Supplemental Hazard        none    
    Statements
  Other hazards - none

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients
  Substances
    Formula        : CH2O2    
    Molecular Weight        : 46,03 g/mol    
    CAS-No.        : 64-18-6    
    EC-No.        : 200-579-1    
  Hazardous ingredients according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Component        Classification        Concentration    
  Formic acid
    Skin Corr. 1A; Flam. Liq. 3;        -    
    H226, H314
  Hazardous ingredients according to Directive 1999/45/EC
    Component        Classification        Concentration    
  Formic acid
    C, R10 - R35        -    
    For the full text of the H-Statements and R-Phrases mentioned in this Section, see Section 16

SECTION 4: First aid measures
  Description of first aid measures
  General advice
    Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
  If inhaled
    If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.
  In case of skin contact
    Take off contaminated clothing and shoes immediately. Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Take
    victim immediately to hospital. Consult a physician.
  In case of eye contact
    Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.
  If swallowed
    Do NOT induce vomiting. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with
    water. Consult a physician.
  Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
    The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling (see section 2.2) and/or in
    section 11
  Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
    no data available

SECTION 5: Firefighting measures
  Extinguishing media
  Suitable extinguishing media
    Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
  Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
    Carbon oxides
  Advice for firefighters
    Wear self contained breathing apparatus for fire fighting if necessary.
  Further information
    Use water spray to cool unopened containers.

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures
  Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
    Wear respiratory protection. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Remove
    all sources of ignition. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Beware of vapours accumulating to form
    explosive concentrations. Vapours can accumulate in low areas.
    For personal protection see section 8.
  Environmental precautions
    Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the
    environment must be avoided.
  Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up
    Contain spillage, and then collect with an electrically protected vacuum cleaner or by wet-brushing and
    place in container for disposal according to local regulations (see section 13).
  Reference to other sections
    For disposal see section 13.

SECTION 7: Handling and storage
  Precautions for safe handling
    Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid inhalation of vapour or mist.
    Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.Take measures to prevent the build up of electrostatic
    charge.
    For precautions see section 2.2.
  Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
    Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Containers which are
    opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage.
    Vent periodically. Handle and open container with care. Hygroscopic.
  Specific end use(s)
    A part from the uses mentioned in section 1.2 no other specific uses are stipulated

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection
  Control parameters
  Components with workplace control parameters
  Exposure controls
  Appropriate engineering controls
    Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Wash hands before breaks and immediately after handling
    the product.
  Personal protective equipment
  Eye/face protection
    Tightly fitting safety goggles. Faceshield (8-inch minimum). Use equipment for eye protection
    tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN
    166(EU).
  Skin protection
    Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique
    (without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of
    contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices.
    Wash and dry hands.
    The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and
    the standard EN 374 derived from it.
    Full contact
    Material: butyl-rubber
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,3 mm
    Break through time: 480 min
    Material tested:Butoject® (KCL 897 / Z677647, Size M)
    Splash contact
    Material: Nature latex/chloroprene
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,6 mm
    Break through time: 480 min
    Material tested:Lapren® (KCL 706 / Z677558, Size M)
    data source: KCL GmbH, D-36124 Eichenzell, phone +49 (0)6659 87300,     test method: EN374
    If used in solution, or mixed with other substances, and under conditions which differ from EN 374,
    contact the supplier of the CE approved gloves. This recommendation is advisory only and must
    be evaluated by an industrial hygienist and safety officer familiar with the specific situation of
    anticipated use by our customers. It should not be construed as offering an approval for any
    specific use scenario.
  Body Protection
    Complete suit protecting against chemicals, Flame retardant antistatic protective clothing, The type
    of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the
    dangerous substance at the specific workplace.
  Respiratory protection
    Where risk assessment shows air-purifying respirators are appropriate use a full-face respirator
    with multi-purpose combination (US) or type ABEK (EN 14387) respirator cartridges as a backup
    to engineering controls. If the respirator is the sole means of protection, use a full-face supplied air
    respirator. Use respirators and components tested and approved under appropriate government
    standards such as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).
  Control of environmental exposure
    Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into
    the environment must be avoided.

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties
  Information on basic physical and chemical properties
    a) Appearance        Form: liquid    
    Colour: colourless
    b) Odour        no data available    
    c) Odour Threshold        no data available    
    d) pH        2,2 at 2,2 g/l at 20 °C    
    e) Melting point/freezing        Melting point/range: 8,2 - 8,4 °C - lit.    
    point
    f) Initial boiling point and 100 - 101 °C - lit.
    boiling range
    g) Flash point        48 °C - closed cup    
    h) Evapouration rate        no data available    
    i) Flammability (solid, gas) no data available
    j) Upper/lower        Upper explosion limit: 57 %(V)    
    flammability or        Lower explosion limit: 18 %(V)    
    explosive limits
    k) Vapour pressure        42,00 hPa at 20 °C    
    169,99 hPa at 50 °C
    l) Vapour density        1,59 - (Air = 1.0)    
    m) Relative density        1,22 g/mL at 25 °C    
    n) Water solubility        completely miscible    
    o) Partition coefficient: n- log Pow: -0,54
    octanol/water
    p) Auto-ignition        no data available    
    temperature
    q) Decomposition        no data available    
    temperature
    r) Viscosity        no data available    
    s) Explosive properties        no data available    
    t) Oxidizing properties        no data available    
  Other safety information
    Surface tension        38 mN/m at 15 °C    
    Relative vapour density 1,59 - (Air = 1.0)

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity
  Reactivity
    no data available
  Chemical stability
    Stable under recommended storage conditions.
  Possibility of hazardous reactions
    no data available
  Conditions to avoid
    Heat, flames and sparks.
  Incompatible materials
    Strong oxidizing agents, Strong bases, Powdered metals
  Hazardous decomposition products
    Other decomposition products - no data available
    In the event of fire: see section 5

SECTION 11: Toxicological information
  Information on toxicological effects
  Acute toxicity
    LD50 Oral - rat - 1.100 mg/kg
    LC50 Inhalation - rat - 4 h - 7,4 mg/l
    LC50 Inhalation - rat - 0,25 h - 15.000 mg/m3
  Skin corrosion/irritation
    Skin - rabbit
    Result: Severe skin irritation
    (Draize Test)
  Serious eye damage/eye irritation
    Eyes - rabbit
    Result: Severe eye irritation
  Respiratory or skin sensitisation
    Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause allergic reactions in certain sensitive individuals.
  Germ cell mutagenicity
    no data available
  Carcinogenicity
    IARC:        No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as    
    probable, possible or confirmed human carcinogen by IARC.
  Reproductive toxicity
    no data available
  Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure
    no data available
  Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure
    no data available
  Aspiration hazard
    no data available
  Additional Information
    RTECS: LQ4900000
    Material is extremely destructive to tissue of the mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract, eyes, and
    skin., spasm, inflammation and edema of the larynx, spasm, inflammation and edema of the bronchi,
    pneumonitis, pulmonary edema, burning sensation, Cough, wheezing, laryngitis, Shortness of breath,
    Headache, Nausea, Vomiting
    Kidney - Irregularities - Based on Human Evidence

SECTION 12: Ecological information
  Toxicity
    Toxicity to fish        LC50 - Leuciscus idus (Golden orfe) - 46 - 100 mg/l - 96 h    
    Toxicity to daphnia and EC50 - Daphnia magna (Water flea) - 34,2 mg/l - 48 h
    other aquatic
    invertebrates
    Toxicity to bacteria        - Pseudomonas putida - 46,7 mg/l - 17 h    
  Persistence and degradability
    Biodegradability        Result: > 90 % - Readily biodegradable.    
    Biochemical Oxygen        86 mg/g    
    Demand (BOD)
    Chemical Oxygen        348 mg/g    
    Demand (COD)
    Ratio BOD/ThBOD        8,60 %    
  Bioaccumulative potential
    Bioaccumulation is unlikely.
  Mobility in soil
    no data available
  Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
    PBT/vPvB assessment not available as chemical safety assessment not required/not conducted
  Other adverse effects
    Harmful to aquatic life.
    Additional ecological        no data available    
    information

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations
  Waste treatment methods
  Product
    Burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber but exert extra care in igniting
    as this material is highly flammable. Offer surplus and non-recyclable solutions to a licensed disposal
    company.
  Contaminated packaging
    Dispose of as unused product.

SECTION 14: Transport information
  UN number
    ADR/RID: 1779        IMDG: 1779        IATA: 1779    
  UN proper shipping name
    ADR/RID: FORMIC ACID
    IMDG: FORMIC ACID
    IATA:        Formic acid    
  Transport hazard class(es)
    ADR/RID: 8 (3)        IMDG: 8 (3)        IATA: 8 (3)    
  Packaging group
    ADR/RID: II        IMDG: II        IATA: II    
  Environmental hazards
    ADR/RID: no        IMDG Marine pollutant: no        IATA: no    
  Special precautions for user
    no data available



SECTION 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
N/A


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 400 MHz in D2O
expand collapse
IR Spectrum IR : liquid film
expand collapse
Mass Spectrum Mass spectrum (electron ionization)
expand collapse
Raman Spectrum Raman : 4880 A,200 M,liquid
expand collapse
Analysis Methods
Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp
expand collapse
Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
DB-1
Retention index
543.
Temperature Control
Method
temperature ramp
Comments
30. m/0.25 mm/1. μm, 6. K/min; T<sub>start</sub>: -50. C; T<sub>end</sub>: 180. C
Reference
Helmig, D.Pollock, W.Greenberg, J.Zimmerman, P.Gas chromatography mass spectrometry analysis of volatile organic trace gases at Mauna Loa Observatory, HawaiiJ. Geophys. Res.1996, 101, D9, 14697-14710.
Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program
expand collapse
Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
Methyl Silicone
Retention index
512.
Temperature Control
Method
custom temperature program
Comments
Program: not specified
Reference
Peng, C.T.Yang, Z.C.Maltby, D.Prediction of retention indexes. III. Silylated derivatives of polar compoundsJ. Chromatogr.1991, 586, 1, 113-129.
Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program
expand collapse
Column Shape
Packed
Active Phase(℃)
SE-30
Retention index
512.
Temperature Control
Method
custom temperature program
Comments
Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) =&gt; 10C/min =&gt; 200C or 250C (60min)
Reference
Peng, C.T.Ding, S.F.Hua, R.L.Yang, Z.C.Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar ColumnsJ. Chromatogr.1988, 436, 137-172.
Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp
expand collapse
Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
DB-Wax
Retention index
1510.
Temperature Control
Method
temperature ramp
Comments
30. m/0.25 mm/0.5 μm, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
Reference
Mahajan, S.S.Goddik, L.Qian, M.C.Aroma Compounds in Sweet Whey PowderJ. Dairy Sci.2004, 87, 12, 4057-4063.
Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program
expand collapse
Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
Stabilwax
Retention index
1528.
Temperature Control
Method
custom temperature program
Comments
30. m/0.25 mm/0.25 μm, He; Program: 40C =&gt; 3C/min =&gt; 100C =&gt; 5C/min =&gt; 240C(10min)
Reference
Natali N.Chinnici F.Riponi C.Characterization of volatiles in extracts from oak chips obtained by accelerated solvent extraction (ASE)J. Agric. Food Chem.2006, 54, 21, 8190-8198.

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