valeric acid

CAS No. 109-52-4

Formula: C5H10O2
Basic Info

Valeric acid, or pentanoic acid, is a straight-chain alkyl carboxylic acid with the chemical formula C5H10O2. Like other low-molecular-weight carboxylic acids, it has a very unpleasant odor. It is found naturally in the perennial flowering plant valerian (Valeriana officinalis), from which it gets its name. Its primary use is in the synthesis of its esters. Volatile esters of valeric acid tend to have pleasant odors and are used in perfumes and cosmetics. Ethyl valerate and pentyl valerate are used as food additives because of their fruity flavors.
Valeric acid appears similar in structure to GHB and the neurotransmitter GABA in that it is a short-chain carboxylic acid, although it lacks the alcohol and amine functional groups that contribute to the biological activities of GHB and GABA, respectively. It differs from valproic acid simply by lacking a 3-carbon side-chain. Mevalonic acid is derived from valeric acid by methylation.

Formula
C5H10O2
Molecular Weight
102.132
Exact Mass
102.068
LogP
1.2612
PSA
37.3
Synonyms

pentanoic acid

PENTANOIC ACID (VALERIC)

VALERICACID

N-Valeric Acid

Valeric Acid, Reagent

VALERIC ACID(SG)

Valeric acid

VALERIC ACID/PENTANOIC ACID

N-PENTANOIC ACID

N-VALERICACID(PENTANOICACID)

PENTANOIC ACID FOR SYNTHESIS

PENTANOIC ACID 100 ML

N-Valeric Acid(Pentanoic Acid)

3-(methylsulfanyl)propanoic acid

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
Clear, pale beige liquid
Density
0.939
Boiling Point
185ºC
Melting Point
-2ºC
Flash Point
86ºC
Refractive Index
1.407-1.41
Water Solubility
40 g/L (20 ºC)
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Storage Condition
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep containers tightly closed.
Vapor Density
3.5 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
0.15 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
Safety Info
RTECS
YV6100000
Safety Statements
S26-S36-S45-S61
WGK Germany
1
Risk Statements
R34; R52/53
HS Code
2915600000
RIDADR
UN 1760
Hazard Class
8
Packing Group
III
Hazard Codes
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3
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IR Spectrum IR : liquid film
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Mass Spectrum Mass spectrum (electron ionization)
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Related Compound Information

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