isobutanol

CAS No. 78-83-1

Formula: C4H10O
Basic Info

Isobutanol (IUPAC nomenclature: 2-methylpropan-1-ol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CHCH2OH (sometimes represented as i-BuOH). This colorless, flammable liquid with a characteristic smell is mainly used as a solvent. Its isomers, the other butanols, include n-butanol, 2-butanol, and tert-butanol, all of which are important industrially.

Formula
C4H10O
Molecular Weight
74.1216
Exact Mass
74.0732
LogP
0.6347
PSA
20.23
Synonyms

1-Propanol, 2-methyl-

2-Methyl-1-propanol

2-methylpropan-1-ol

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
Colorless liquid and has a characteristic odor
Density
0.802
Boiling Point
108ºC
Melting Point
-108ºC
Flash Point
31 °C (closed cup)
Refractive Index
1.3945-1.3765
Water Solubility
95 g/L (20 ºC)
Stability
Stable. Flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, aluminium.
Storage Condition
Flammables area
Vapor Density
2.55 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
8 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
Safety Info
RTECS
NP9625000
Safety Statements
S13-S26-S37/39-S46-S7/9
WGK Germany
1
Risk Statements
R10; R37/38; R41; R67
HS Code
2905141000
RIDADR
UN 1120/1212
Hazard Class
3
Packing Group
III
Caution Statement
P210; P280; P304 + P340 + P312; P305 + P351 + P338 + P310; P403 + P235
Hazard Codes
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 17, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 17, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name isobutanol

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names 2-Methyl-1-propanol

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Food additives -> Flavoring Agents
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Flammable liquids, Category 3

Skin irritation, Category 2

Serious eye damage, Category 1

Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure, Category 3

Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure, Category 3

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H226 Flammable liquid and vapour

H315 Causes skin irritation

H318 Causes serious eye damage

H335 May cause respiratory irritation

H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

P242 Use non-sparking tools.

P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

Response

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P332+P313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

Storage

P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
isobutanol isobutanol 78-83-1 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Contact with eyes is extremely irritating and may cause burns. Breathing vapors will be irritating to the nose and throat. In high concentrations, may cause nausea, dizziness, headache, and stupor. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR as necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Higher alcohols (>3 carbons) and related compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Excerpt from ERG Guide 129 [Flammable Liquids (Water-Miscible / Noxious)]: HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Those substances designated with a (P) may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. (ERG, 2016)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

1. Remove all ignition sources. 2. Ventilate area of spill or leak. For small quantities, absorb on paper towels. Evaporate in safe place ... allow sufficient time for evaporating vapors to completely clear hood ductwork. Burn paper in suitable location away from combustible materials. Large quantities can be collected & atomized in suitable combustion chamber.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants and aluminium.Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Containers which are opened must be carfully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hour Time-Weighted Average: 50 ppm (150 mg/cu m).

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state Colorless liquid and has a characteristic odor
Colour Colorless, oily liquid
Odour Sweet, musty odor
Melting point/ freezing point -108ºC
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 108°C(lit.)
Flammability Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 22.78°C and below 37.78°C.Flammable.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 28°C
Auto-ignition temperature 427.22°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 4.0 mPa.s at 20°C
Solubility In water:95 g/L (20 ºC)
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 0.76
Vapour pressure 8 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
Density and/or relative density 0.803g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 2.55 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Heat /contributes to instability/

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Flammable in the presence of a source of ignition when the temperature is above the flash point. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flame/ hot surface. No smoking.ISOBUTANOL is an alcohol. Flammable and/or toxic gases are generated by the combination of alcohols with alkali metals, nitrides, and strong reducing agents. They react with oxoacids and carboxylic acids to form esters plus water. Oxidizing agents convert them to aldehydes or ketones. Alcohols exhibit both weak acid and weak base behavior. They may initiate the polymerization of isocyanates and epoxides. This chemical is incompatible with strong oxidizers.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Contact with strong oxidizers may cause fires & explosions.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke & fumes.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 2.46 g/kg
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill) weight 1.15 g; Conditions: freshwater, flow through, 17.6°C (15.7-19.2), pH 8.04 (7.98-8.19), hardness 196 mg/L CaCO3, alkalinity 172 mg/L CaCO3, dissolved oxygen 6.83 mg/L (5.07-7.67 mg/L); Concentration: 1600000 ug/L for 96 hr (95% confidence interval: 1480000-1730000 ug/L)
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water flea); Conditions: freshwater, renewal, 25°C, pH >7; Concentration: 1250000 ug/L for 24 hr; Effect: behavior, equilibrium /formulation
  • Toxicity to algae: EC50; Species: Scenedesmus subspicatus (Green Algae) exponential growth phase; Conditions: freshwater, static, 24°C, pH 8.0-9.3; Concentration: 1250000 ug/L for 48 hr; Effect: population, decreased biomass /formulation
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: The first-order biodegradation rate constant of isobutyl alcohol using an activated sludge inoculum was reported as 1.15X10-2 hour-1(1); this corresponds to a half-life of about 2.5 days(SRC). Isobutyl alcohol, present at 100 mg/L, reached 90% of its theoretical BOD in 2 weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L and the Japanese MITI test which classifies the cpompound as readily biodegradable(2). The biodegradation half-life of isobutyl alcohol in a basic sandy silt loam from Texas was reported as 2.4 days and the half-life of isobutyl alcohol in an acidic sandy loam from Mississippi was reported as 11.3 days(3). Isobutyl alcohol reached 63% of its theoretical BOD using a sewage sludge during a 5 day incubation period(4). In a river die-away test, isobutyl alcohol achieved 58% of its theoretical BOD in 5 days(5), suggesting biodegradation will be an important fate process. OECD 301D Closed Bottle test yielded 14% degradation at day 5, 74% degradation at day 15 and 74% degradation at day 28(6). A second OECD 301D Closed Bottle test yielded 55% degradation on day 5, 73% degradation on day 15, and 75% degradation on day 30(6). The potential for biodegradation in a simulated wastewater treatment plant was examined using the OECD method 303A Coupled Units Test(6); over the course of 35 days, the DOC reduction averaged 97% suggesting that isobutyl alcohol is easily degraded in wastewater treatment plants(6).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 3 was calculated in fish for isobutyl alcohol(SRC), using a log Kow of 0.76(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

Using a structure estimation method based on molecular connectivity indices(1), the Koc of isobutyl alcohol can be estimated to be 2.9(SRC). According to a classification scheme(2), this estimated Koc value suggests that isobutyl alcohol is expected to have very high mobility in soil.

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1212 IMDG: UN1212 IATA: UN1212

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: ISOBUTANOL (ISOBUTYL ALCOHOL)
IMDG: ISOBUTANOL (ISOBUTYL ALCOHOL)
IATA: ISOBUTANOL (ISOBUTYL ALCOHOL)

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: III IMDG: III IATA: III

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
isobutanol isobutanol 78-83-1 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 17, 2017
Revision Date Aug 17, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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Name: Isobutyl alcohol Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: 1-Hydroxymethylpropane; Isobutanol; Isopropylcarbinol; 2-Methyl-1-propanol; IBA
CAS: 78-83-1
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Isobutyl alcohol Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:1-Hydroxymethylpropane; Isobutanol; Isopropylcarbinol; 2-Methyl-1-propanol; IBA

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
78-83-1 Isobutyl alcohol 99 201-148-0
Hazard Symbols: XI
Risk Phrases: 10 37/38 41 67

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Flammable. Irritating to respiratory system and skin. Risk of serious damage to eyes. Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
May cause severe eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.
Skin:
Causes skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin. Repeated or prolonged exposure may cause drying and cracking of the skin.
Ingestion:
Aspiration hazard. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. Aspiration of material into the lungs may cause chemical pneumonitis, which may be fatal.
Inhalation:
Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by nausea, headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. May cause respiratory tract irritation. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. May cause corneal abnormalities and loss of appetite and weight. May cause burning sensation in the chest.
Chronic:
Not available.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
In case of contact, flush skin with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops and persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Potential for aspiration if swallowed. Get medical aid immediately.
Do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
Inhalation:
If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Water may be ineffective.
Material is lighter than water and a fire may be spread by the use of water. Flammable liquid and vapor. Vapors are heavier than air and may travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Vapors can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas.
Extinguishing Media:
Dry chemical, alcohol foam, carbon dioxide.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Use only with adequate ventilation. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Avoid breathing vapor or mist.
Storage:
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Flammables-area.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits CAS# 78-83-1: United Kingdom, WEL - TWA: 50 ppm TWA; 154 mg/m3 TWA United Kingdom, WEL - STEL: 75 ppm STEL; 231 mg/m3 STEL United States OSHA: 100 ppm TWA; 300 mg/m3 TWA Belgium - TWA: 50 ppm VLE; 154 mg/m3 VLE France - VME: 50 ppm VME; 150 mg/m3 VME Germany: 100 ppm TWA; 310 mg/m3 TWA Japan: 50 ppm OEL; 150 mg/m3 OEL Malaysia: 50 ppm TWA; 152 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 50 ppm MAC; 150 mg/m3 MAC Russia: 10 mg/m3 TWA Spain: 50 ppm VLA-ED; 154 mg/m3 VLA-ED Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear chemical splash goggles.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: colorless, oily
Odor: mild odor - sweetish odor - slightly musty
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 10.5 mm Hg @ 25 deg C
Viscosity: 4 cps @ 20 deg C
Boiling Point: 107-108 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: -108 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 415 deg C ( 779.00 deg F)
Flash Point: 28 deg C ( 82.40 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 1.7
Explosion Limits, upper: 10.6
Decomposition Temperature: Not available.
Solubility in water: Partially soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 0.802
Molecular Formula: C4H10O
Molecular Weight: 74.12

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. May form unstable peroxides.
Conditions to Avoid:
Ignition sources, excess heat, prolonged exposure to air, confined spaces.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 78-83-1: NP9625000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 78-83-1: Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 15500 mg/m3/2H; Inhalation, rabbit: LC50 = 2630 mg/m3/4H; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 19200 mg/m3/4H; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 3500 mg/kg; Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 74.1 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 2460 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 3400 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Isobutyl alcohol - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Fish: Fathead Minnow: 1430g/L; 96HFish: Fathead Minnow: 1430g/L; 96H

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: ISOBUTANOL
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 1212
Packing Group: III
IMO
Shipping Name: ISOBUTANOL
Hazard Class: 3.3
UN Number: 1212
Packing Group: III
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: ISOBUTANOL
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 1212
Packing group: III
USA RQ: CAS# 78-83-1: 5000 lb final RQ; 2270 kg final RQ

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XI
Risk Phrases:
R 10 Flammable.
R 37/38 Irritating to respiratory system and skin.
R 41 Risk of serious damage to eyes.
R 67 Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness.
Safety Phrases:
S 7/9 Keep container tightly closed and in a
well-ventilated place.
S 13 Keep away from food, drink and animal feeding
stuffs.
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 Wear suitable gloves and eye/face
protection.
S 46 If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately
and show this container or label.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 78-83-1: 1
Canada
CAS# 78-83-1 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 78-83-1 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 78-83-1 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3
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IR Spectrum IR : liquid film
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Mass Spectrum Mass spectrum (electron ionization)
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Raman Spectrum Raman : 4880 A,100M,liquid
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