9,10-anthraquinone

CAS No. 84-65-1

Formula: C14H8O2
Basic Info

Anthraquinone, also called anthracenedione or dioxoanthracene, is an aromatic organic compound with formula C 14H 8O 2. Several isomers are possible, each of which can be viewed as a quinone derivative. The term anthraquinone, however, almost invariably refers to one specific isomer, 9,10-anthraquinone (IUPAC: 9,10-dioxoanthracene) wherein the keto groups are located on the central ring. It is a building block of many dyes and is used in bleaching pulp for papermaking. It is a yellow highly crystalline solid, poorly soluble in water but soluble in hot organic solvents. For instance, it is almost completely insoluble in ethanol near room temperature but 2.25 g will dissolve in 100 g of boiling ethanol.

Formula
C14H8O2
Molecular Weight
208.212
Exact Mass
208.052
LogP
2.462
PSA
34.14
Synonyms

anthraquinone

anthracene-9,10-dione

9,10-Anthracenedione

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
dull yellow powder
Density
1.438
Boiling Point
379-381ºC
Melting Point
284-286ºC
Flash Point
185ºC
Refractive Index
1.659
Stability
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. Combustible.
Vapor Density
7.16 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
1 mm Hg ( 190 °C)
Safety Info
RTECS
CB4725000
Safety Statements
S24-S26-S37/39
WGK Germany
1
Risk Statements
R36/37/38; R43
HS Code
2914610000
Hazard Codes
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name 9,10-anthraquinone

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names anthraquinone

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Dyes,Processing aids, not otherwise listed,Surface active agents
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Skin sensitization, Category 1

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Warning

Hazard statement(s)

H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

Response

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P333+P313 If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

Storage

none

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
9,10-anthraquinone 9,10-anthraquinone 84-65-1 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest.

In case of skin contact

Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

SYMPTOMS: Symptoms following exposure to this compound may include skin and eye irritation, allergic skin reaction and skin sensitization. It may cause discoloration of the urine. ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: This chemical may cause skin and eye irritation and sensitization. It may be harmful by inhalation, ingestion or skin absorption. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Basic treatment: Establish a patent airway. Suction if necessary. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilations if needed. Administer oxygen by nonrebreather mask at 10 to 15 L/min. Monitor for pulmonary edema and treat if necessary ... . Monitor for shock and treat if necessary ... . Anticipate seizures and treat if necessary ... . For eye contamination, flush eyes immediately with water. Irrigate each eye continuously with normal saline during transport ... . Do not use emetics. For ingestion, rinse mouth and administer 5 ml/kg up to 200 ml of water for dilution if the patient can swallow, has a strong gag reflex, and does not drool ... . Cover skin burns with dry sterile dressings after decontamination ... . /Poison A and B/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

To fight fire use water, foam, carbon dioxide, water spray or mist, dry chemical.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

This chemical is combustible.

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Pick up and arrange disposal. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Store in an area without drain or sewer access.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state dull yellow powder
Colour Light yellow, slender monoclinic prisms by sublimation in vacuo. Almost colorless, orthorhombic, bipyramidal crystals from sulfuric acid and water.
Odour Aromatic odor (technical)
Melting point/ freezing point 284°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 380°C(lit.)
Flammability Combustible.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 86°C(lit.)
Auto-ignition temperature 650°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility less than 1 mg/mL at 22.78°C
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 3.39
Vapour pressure 1 mm Hg ( 190 °C)
Density and/or relative density 1.438
Relative vapour density 7.16 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable to acids and alkalis.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Conbustible when exposed to heat or flame.ANTHRAQUINONE is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

... Decomposed by hydrogen peroxide and ferrous sulphate at pH 4.5 /Anthraquinone-dyes/

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral >5000 mg/kg bw
  • Inhalation: LC50 Rat inhalation >1.327 mg/L/4 hr
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50 Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill) >5 mg/L/24 hr; Static
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: Anthraquinone (at 10 mg/L organic carbon), inoculated with activated sludge, reached 28% of the theoretical CO2 within 28 days(1). 52.3% of the initial concn of anthraquinone (100 mg/L) was biodegraded by an activated sludge inoculum (time = 3 weeks)(2). Biodegradation of anthraquinone was measured using three standard tests (each using activated sludge inocula)(3). Over a 20 day period, 51-91%, 81-93%, and 70% of the added anthraquinone was biodegraded in the Sturm test, MITI test, and the RDA test, respectively(3). Anthraquinone (at 100 mg/L) was biodegraded by 46% over a 28 day period (UK-MITI test); a lag time of about 7 days was observed(4). Varying activated sludge inoculum sizes had little impact on the final oxidation of anthraquinone; 40-60% oxidation at 56 days was seen for all inoculum levels(5).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 12 was calculated for anthraquinone(SRC), using a log Kow of 3.39(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

Using an HPLC screening technique and five European reference soils, Koc values ranging from 2,755 to 17,416 were determined for anthraquinone(1). According to a suggested classification scheme(2), these Koc values suggest that anthraquinone has slight mobility or is immobile in soil(SRC). Laboratory trials with BBA soils did not reveal any leaching potential(3). Results of a 23-day soil column leaching study have shown that anthraquinone has the potential to reach ground water under recharge conditions similar to those in arid and semi-arid climates(4).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN3077 IMDG: UN3077 IATA: UN3077

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S.
IMDG: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S.
IATA: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S.

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 9 IMDG: 9 IATA: 9

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: III IMDG: III IATA: III

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
9,10-anthraquinone 9,10-anthraquinone 84-65-1 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 12, 2017
Revision Date Aug 12, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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Name: Anthraquinone P.A. Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: 9,10-Dioxoanthracen
CAS: 84-65-1
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Anthraquinone P.A. Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:9,10-Dioxoanthracen

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
84-65-1 Anthraquinone 201-549-0
Hazard Symbols: XI
Risk Phrases: 36/37/38 43

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin. May cause sensitization by skin contact.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye irritation.
Skin:
Causes skin irritation. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material.
Ingestion:
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May be harmful if swallowed.
Inhalation:
Causes respiratory tract irritation. May be harmful if inhaled.
Chronic:
Not available.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Skin:
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Ingestion:
Get medical aid. Wash mouth out with water.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:
Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Storage:
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container.
Store protected from moisture.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits CAS# 84-65-1: Russia: 5 mg/m3 TWA Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Not available.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Crystalline powder
Color: pale yellow
Odor: Not available.
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 100 hPa @ 286 deg
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 379-381 deg C @ 760
Freezing/Melting Point: 284-286 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 650 deg C ( 1,202.00 deg F)
Flash Point: 185 deg C ( 365.00 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: Insoluble.
Specific Gravity/Density:
Molecular Formula: C14H8O2
Molecular Weight: 208.22

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Not available.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, moisture.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 84-65-1: CB4725000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 84-65-1: Inhalation, rat: LC50 = >1300 mg/m3/4H; Oral, mouse: LD50 = >5 gm/kg; Skin, rat: LD50 = >1 gm/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Anthraquinone - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Other No information available.

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Not regulated as a hazardous material.
IMO
Not regulated as a hazardous material.
RID/ADR
Not regulated as a hazardous material.

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XI
Risk Phrases:
R 36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system
and skin.
R 43 May cause sensitization by skin contact.
Safety Phrases:
S 24 Avoid contact with skin.
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 Wear suitable gloves and eye/face
protection.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 84-65-1: 1
Canada
CAS# 84-65-1 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 84-65-1 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 84-65-1 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 400 MHz in CDCl3
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IR Spectrum IR : nujol mull
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Mass Spectrum Mass
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ESR Spectrum ESR : SEMIQUINONE ANION RADICAL, RED. WITH GLUCOSE
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Analysis Methods
Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program
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Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
OV-101
Retention index
1898.
Temperature Control
Method
custom temperature program
Comments
15. m/0.25 mm/0.25 μm, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
Reference
Yasuhara, A.Shiraishi, H.Nishikawa, M.Yamamoto, T.Uehiro, T.Nakasugi, O.Okumura, T.Kenmotsu, K.Fukui, H.Nagase, M.Ono, Y.Kawagoshi, Y.Baba, K.Noma, Y.Determination of organic components in leachates from hazardous waste disposal sites in Japan by gas chromatography-mass spectrometryJ. Chromatogr. A1997, 774, 1-2, 321-332.
Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program
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Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane
Retention index
1950.
Temperature Control
Method
custom temperature program
Comments
25. m/0.31 mm/0.52 μm, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
Reference
Yasuhara, A.Shiraishi, H.Nishikawa, M.Yamamoto, T.Uehiro, T.Nakasugi, O.Okumura, T.Kenmotsu, K.Fukui, H.Nagase, M.Ono, Y.Kawagoshi, Y.Baba, K.Noma, Y.Determination of organic components in leachates from hazardous waste disposal sites in Japan by gas chromatography-mass spectrometryJ. Chromatogr. A1997, 774, 1-2, 321-332.
Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp
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Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
Ultra-1
Retention index
1880.
Temperature Control
Method
temperature ramp
Comments
25. m/0.32 mm/0.25 μm, He, 3. K/min; T<sub>start</sub>: 80. C; T<sub>end</sub>: 260. C
Reference
Okumura, T.retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary columnJournal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan)1991, 1, 2, 333-358.
Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program
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Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
Methyl Silicone
Retention index
1904.
Temperature Control
Method
custom temperature program
Comments
25. m/0.25 mm/0.25 μm, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) <sup> </sup>20 0C/min -&gt; 160 0C <sup> </sup>5 0C/min -&gt; 210 0C <sup> </sup>10 0C/min -&gt; 300 0C
Reference
Oda, J.Yasuhara, A.Matsunaga, K.Saito, Y.Identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons of the particulate accumulated in the tunnel duct of freeway and generation of their oxygenated derivativesJpn. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health1998, 44, 5, 334-351.
Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program
expand collapse
Column Shape
Capillary
Active Phase(℃)
Methyl Silicone
Retention index
1921.
Temperature Control
Method
custom temperature program
Comments
25. m/0.25 mm/0.25 μm, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) <sup> </sup>20 0C/min -&gt; 160 0C <sup> </sup>5 0C/min -&gt; 210 0C <sup> </sup>10 0C/min -&gt; 300 0C
Reference
Oda, J.Yasuhara, A.Matsunaga, K.Saito, Y.Identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons of the particulate accumulated in the tunnel duct of freeway and generation of their oxygenated derivativesJpn. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health1998, 44, 5, 334-351.

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