n-Butanol

CAS No. 71-36-3

Formula: C4H10O
Basic Info

n-Butanol or n-butyl alcohol or normal butanol is a primary alcohol with a 4-carbon structure and the chemical formula C4H9OH. Its isomers include isobutanol, 2-butanol, and tert-butanol. Butanol is one of the group of "fusel alcohols" (from the German for "bad liquor"), which have more than two carbon atoms and have significant solubility in water.
n-Butanol occurs naturally as a minor product of the fermentation of sugars and other carbohydrates, and is present in many foods and beverages. It is also a permitted artificial flavorant in the United States, used in butter, cream, fruit, rum, whiskey, ice cream and ices, candy, baked goods and cordials. It is also used in a wide range of consumer products.
The largest use of n-butanol is as an industrial intermediate, particularly for the manufacture of butyl acetate (itself an artificial flavorant and industrial solvent). It is a petrochemical, manufactured from propylene and usually used close to the point of manufacture. Estimated production figures for 1997 are: United States 784,000tonnes; Western Europe 575,000tonnes; Japan 225,000tonnes.

Formula
C4H10O
Molecular Weight
74.1216
Exact Mass
74.0732
LogP
0.7788
PSA
20.23
Synonyms

n-C4H9OH

n-Butyl alcohol

1-Butanol

Butan alcohol

Butanol-1

n-Butul alcohol

1-Butyl alcohol

Butan-1-ol

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
colourless liquid
Density
0.81
Boiling Point
117.6ºC
Melting Point
-89ºC
Flash Point
35ºC
Refractive Index
1.398-1.4
Water Solubility
80 g/L (20 ºC)
Stability
Stable. Incompatible with strong acids, strong oxidizing agents, aluminium, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides, copper, copper alloys. Flammable.
Storage Condition
Store at RT.
Vapor Density
2.55 (vs air)
Safety Info
RTECS
EO1400000
Safety Statements
S13-S26-S37/39-S46-S7/9
WGK Germany
1
Risk Statements
R10; R22; R37/38; R41; R67
HS Code
2905130000
RIDADR
UN 1120 3/PG 3
Hazard Class
3
Packing Group
III
Caution Statement
P210; P280; P301 + P312 + P330; P304 + P340 + P312; P305 + P351 + P338 + P310; P403 + P235
Hazard Codes
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name butan-1-ol

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names butan alcohol

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Food additives -> Flavoring Agents
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Flammable liquids, Category 3

Acute toxicity - Oral, Category 4

Skin irritation, Category 2

Serious eye damage, Category 1

Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure, Category 3

Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure, Category 3

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H226 Flammable liquid and vapour

H302 Harmful if swallowed

H315 Causes skin irritation

H318 Causes serious eye damage

H335 May cause respiratory irritation

H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

P242 Use non-sparking tools.

P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

Response

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

P301+P312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P330 Rinse mouth.

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P332+P313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

Storage

P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
butan-1-ol butan-1-ol 71-36-3 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Anesthesia, nausea, headache, dizziness, irritation of respiratory passages. Mildly irritating to the skin and eyes. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR as necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Higher alcohols (>3 carbons) and related compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture: carbon oxides...

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Excerpt from ERG Guide 129 [Flammable Liquids (Water-Miscible / Noxious)]: HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Those substances designated with a (P) may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. (ERG, 2016)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES. Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures: Use personal protective equipment. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Remove all sources of ignition. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Beware of vapours accumulating to form explosive concentrations. Vapours can accumulate in low areas.; Environmental precautions: Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains.; Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up: Contain spillage, and then collect with an electrically protected vacuum cleaner or by wet-brushing and place in container for disposal according to local regulations.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants and aluminium.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Recommended Exposure Limit: 15 Minute Ceiling value: 50 ppm (150 mg/cu m) [skin].

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state colourless liquid
Colour Colorless liquid
Odour HARSH FUSEL ODOR WITH BANANA
Melting point/ freezing point 263°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 116-118°C(lit.)
Flammability Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 22.78°C and below 37.78°C.Flammable.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 1.4% by volume; Upper flammable limit: 11.2% by volume
Flash point 35°C
Auto-ignition temperature 342.78°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 36.1 cP at -50.9°C; 5.186 cP at 0°C; 2.544 cP at 25°C; 0.533 cP at 100°C
Solubility In water:80 g/L (20 ºC)
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
Vapour pressure 15.51 mm Hg (USCG, 1999)
Density and/or relative density 0.81g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 2.55 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Flammable liquid. Moderately explosive when exposed to flame.N-BUTYL ALCOHOL attacks plastics. [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980. p. 236]. Mixtures with concentrated sulfuric acid and strong hydrogen peroxide can cause explosions. May form explosive butyl hypochlorite by reacting with hypochlorous acid. May form butyl explosive butyl hypochlorite with chlorine.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Butanol, used as a solvent in an autoclave preparation at 100°C, severely attacked the aluminum gasket, liberating hydrogen which caused a sharp rise in pressure. Other alcohols would behave similarly ... .

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomp it emits acrid smoke and fumes.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 rats 0.79 to 4.36 g/kg (single oral dose)
  • Inhalation: LC50 Rat inhalation 8000 ppm/4 hr
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

CLASSIFICATION: D; not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity. BASIS FOR CLASSIFICATION: Based on no human and no animal cancer data. HUMAN CARCINOGENICITY DATA: None. ANIMAL CARCINOGENICITY DATA: None.

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) /4-8 wk juvenile, length 1.1-3.1 cm, Conditions: freshwater, static, 18-22°C, dissolved oxygen >4.0 mg/L/; Concentration: 1940 mg/L for 24, 48, 72, 96 hr /formulation
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50; Species: Daphnia magna (water flea); Conditions: /freshwater, static/; Concentration: 2337 mg/L for 24 hr; Effect: lost ability to swim
  • Toxicity to algae: EC50; Species: Enteromorpha intestinalis (Green Algae); Conditions: saltwater, static, 15°C; Concentration: 135 mM for 24 hr; Effect: physiology, decreased neutral red uptake /95-99.8% purity
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: n-Butyl alcohol biodegrades rapidly in screening tests using a sewage or activated sludge inoculum and is considered readily biodegradable(1). n-Butyl alcohol reached 66% of its theoretical BOD in a sewage sludge during a 5 day incubation period(2) and 33% of its theoretical BOD using an inoculum from polluted surface water(3). The first-order rate constant for the degradation of n-butyl alcohol in soils was reported as 2X10-6 sec-1(4); this corresponds to a half-life of approximately 4 days(SRC). The first-order biodegradation rate constant of n-butyl alcohol in an activated sludge inoculum was reported as 9.59X10-3 per hour(5); this corresponds to a half-life of about 3 days(SRC). The biodegradation half-life of n-butyl alcohol in a sub-surface soil from Blacksburg, VA was approximately 7 days(6). The biodegradation half-life of n-butyl alcohol in a basic sandy silt loam from Texas was reported as 1 day and the half-life of n-butyl alcohol in an acidic sandy loam from Mississippi was reported as 8.5 days(7). A 20 day BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand) test was conducted using unacclimated settled domestic wastewater as the microbial seed (3 mL/BOD bottle)(1); the results showed a BOD5 of 68% ThOD (percent of theoretical oxygen demand), a BOD10 of 87% ThOD, a BOD15 of 92% ThOD, and a BOD20 of 92% ThOD(1). n-Butyl alcohol, present at 100 mg/L, reached >60% of its theoretical BOD in 4 weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L in the Japanese MITI test(8).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 3 was calculated in fish for n-butyl alcohol(SRC), using a log Kow of 0.88(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

The measured Koc of n-butyl alcohol is reported as 3.2(1). According to a classification scheme(2), this Koc value suggests that n-butyl alcohol is expected to have very high mobility in soil(SRC).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1120 IMDG: UN1120 IATA: UN1120

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: BUTANOLS
IMDG: BUTANOLS
IATA: BUTANOLS

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: III IMDG: III IATA: III

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
butan-1-ol butan-1-ol 71-36-3 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 12, 2017
Revision Date Aug 12, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking
  Product identifiers
    Product name        : Butyl alcohol    
    REACH No.        : A registration number is not available for this substance as the substance    
    or its uses are exempted from registration, the annual tonnage does not
    require a registration or the registration is envisaged for a later
    registration deadline.
    CAS-No.        : 71-36-3    
  Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against
    Identified uses        : Laboratory chemicals, Manufacture of substances    
  
  

SECTION 2: Hazards identification
  Classification of the substance or mixture
  Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Flammable liquids (Category 3), H226
    Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 4), H302
    Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), H335, H336
    Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
    Serious eye damage (Category 1), H318
    Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), H335, H336
    For the full text of the H-Statements mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
  Classification according to EU Directives 67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC
    R10
    Xn Harmful        R22    
    Xi Irritant        R37/38, R41    
    R67
    For the full text of the R-phrases mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
  Label elements
  Labelling according Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Pictogram
    Signal word        Danger    
    Hazard statement(s)
    H226        Flammable liquid and vapour.    
    H302        Harmful if swallowed.    
    H315        Causes skin irritation.    
    H318        Causes serious eye damage.    
    H335        May cause respiratory irritation.    
    H336        May cause drowsiness or dizziness.    
    Precautionary statement(s)
    P261        Avoid breathing dust/ fume/ gas/ mist/ vapours/ spray.    
    P280        Wear protective gloves/ eye protection/ face protection.    
    P305 + P351 + P338        IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove    
    contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
    Supplemental Hazard        none    
    Statements
  Other hazards - none

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients
  Substances
    Synonyms        : 1-Butanol    
    Butyl alcohol
    n-Butanol
    Formula        : C4H10O    
    Molecular Weight        : 74,12 g/mol    
    CAS-No.        : 71-36-3    
    EC-No.        : 200-751-6    
  Hazardous ingredients according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Component        Classification        Concentration    
  n-Butanol
    CAS-No.        71-36-3        Flam. Liq. 3; Acute Tox. 4;        <= 100 %    
    EC-No.        200-751-6        Skin Irrit. 2; Eye Dam. 1;    
    Index-No.        603-004-00-6        STOT SE 3; H226, H302,    
    H315, H318, H335, H336
  Hazardous ingredients according to Directive 1999/45/EC
    Component        Classification        Concentration    
  n-Butanol
    CAS-No.        71-36-3        Xn, R10 - R22 - R37/38 - R41 <= 100 %    
    EC-No.        200-751-6        - R67    
    Index-No.        603-004-00-6    
    For the full text of the H-Statements and R-Phrases mentioned in this Section, see Section 16

SECTION 4: First aid measures
  Description of first aid measures
  General advice
    Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
  If inhaled
    If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.
  In case of skin contact
    Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.
  In case of eye contact
    Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.
  If swallowed
    Do NOT induce vomiting. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with
    water. Consult a physician.
  Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
    The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling (see section 2.2) and/or in
    section 11
  Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
    no data available

SECTION 5: Firefighting measures
  Extinguishing media
  Suitable extinguishing media
    Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
  Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
    Carbon oxides
    Nature of decomposition products not known.
  Advice for firefighters
    Wear self contained breathing apparatus for fire fighting if necessary.
  Further information
    Use water spray to cool unopened containers.

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures
  Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
    Use personal protective equipment. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation.
    Remove all sources of ignition. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Beware of vapours accumulating to
    form explosive concentrations. Vapours can accumulate in low areas.
    For personal protection see section 8.
  Environmental precautions
    Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains.
  Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up
    Contain spillage, and then collect with an electrically protected vacuum cleaner or by wet-brushing and
    place in container for disposal according to local regulations (see section 13).
  Reference to other sections
    For disposal see section 13.

SECTION 7: Handling and storage
  Precautions for safe handling
    Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid inhalation of vapour or mist.
    Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.Take measures to prevent the build up of electrostatic
    charge.
    For precautions see section 2.2.
  Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
    Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Containers which are
    opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage.
  Specific end use(s)
    Apart from the uses mentioned in section 1.2 no other specific uses are stipulated

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection
  Control parameters
  Components with workplace control parameters
  Exposure controls
  Appropriate engineering controls
    Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and
    at the end of workday.
  Personal protective equipment
  Eye/face protection
    Face shield and safety glasses Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under
    appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).
  Skin protection
    Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique
    (without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of
    contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices.
    Wash and dry hands.
    The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and
    the standard EN 374 derived from it.
    Full contact
    Material: Nitrile rubber
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,4 mm
    Break through time: 480 min
    Material tested:Camatril® (KCL 730 / Z677442, Size M)
    Splash contact
    Material: Nitrile rubber
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,2 mm
    Break through time: 58 min
    Material tested:Dermatril® P (KCL 743 / Z677388, Size M)
    data source: KCL GmbH, D-36124 Eichenzell, phone +49 (0)6659 87300,     test method: EN374
    If used in solution, or mixed with other substances, and under conditions which differ from EN 374,
    contact the supplier of the CE approved gloves. This recommendation is advisory only and must
    be evaluated by an industrial hygienist and safety officer familiar with the specific situation of
    anticipated use by our customers. It should not be construed as offering an approval for any
    specific use scenario.
  Body Protection
    Complete suit protecting against chemicals, Flame retardant antistatic protective clothing, The type
    of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the
    dangerous substance at the specific workplace.
  Respiratory protection
    Where risk assessment shows air-purifying respirators are appropriate use a full-face respirator
    with multi-purpose combination (US) or type ABEK (EN 14387) respirator cartridges as a backup
    to engineering controls. If the respirator is the sole means of protection, use a full-face supplied air
    respirator. Use respirators and components tested and approved under appropriate government
    standards such as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).
  Control of environmental exposure
    Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains.

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties
  Information on basic physical and chemical properties
    a) Appearance        Form: liquid, clear    
    Colour: colourless
    b) Odour        no data available    
    c) Odour Threshold        no data available    
    d) pH        no data available    
    e) Melting point/freezing        Melting point/range: -90 °C - lit.    
    point
    f) Initial boiling point and 116 - 118 °C - lit.
    boiling range
    g) Flash point        35 °C - closed cup    
    h) Evapouration rate        no data available    
    i) Flammability (solid, gas) no data available
    j) Upper/lower        Upper explosion limit: 11,2 %(V)    
    flammability or        Lower explosion limit: 1,4 %(V)    
    explosive limits
    k) Vapour pressure        5 hPa at 20 °C    
    l) Vapour density        2,56 - (Air = 1.0)    
    m) Relative density        0,81 g/cm3 at 25 °C    
    n) Water solubility        soluble    
    o) Partition coefficient: n- no data available
    octanol/water
    p) Auto-ignition        no data available    
    temperature
    q) Decomposition        no data available    
    temperature
    r) Viscosity        no data available    
    s) Explosive properties        no data available    
    t) Oxidizing properties        no data available    
  Other safety information
    Relative vapour density 2,56 - (Air = 1.0)

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity
  Reactivity
    no data available
  Chemical stability
    Stable under recommended storage conditions.
  Possibility of hazardous reactions
    no data available
  Conditions to avoid
    Heat, flames and sparks.
  Incompatible materials
    Oxidizing agents, Alkali metals, Bases, Strong acids, Halogens
  Hazardous decomposition products
    Other decomposition products - no data available
    In the event of fire: see section 5

SECTION 11: Toxicological information
  Information on toxicological effects
  Acute toxicity
    LD50 Oral - rat - 790 mg/kg
    Remarks: Liver:Fatty liver degeneration. Kidney, Ureter, Bladder:Other changes. Blood:Other changes.
    LC50 Inhalation - rat - 4 h - 8000 ppm
    LD50 Dermal - rabbit - 3.400 mg/kg
  Skin corrosion/irritation
    Skin - rabbit
    Result: Skin irritation - 24 h
  Serious eye damage/eye irritation
    Eyes - rabbit
    Result: Eye irritation
  Respiratory or skin sensitisation
    no data available
  Germ cell mutagenicity
    no data available
  Carcinogenicity
    IARC:        No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as    
    probable, possible or confirmed human carcinogen by IARC.
  Reproductive toxicity
    no data available
  Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure
    May cause respiratory irritation.
    May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
  Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure
    no data available
  Aspiration hazard
    no data available
  Additional Information
    RTECS: EO1400000
    drying, cracking of the skin, Skin irritation

SECTION 12: Ecological information
  Toxicity
    Toxicity to fish        LC50 - Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) - 1.840 mg/l - 96 h    
    Toxicity to daphnia and EC50 - Daphnia magna (Water flea) - 1.983 mg/l - 48 h
    other aquatic
    invertebrates
  Persistence and degradability
  Bioaccumulative potential
    Bioaccumulation        Oncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) - 24 h    
    - 921 mg/l
    Bioconcentration factor (BCF): 0,38
  Mobility in soil
    no data available
  Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
    PBT/vPvB assessment not available as chemical safety assessment not required/not conducted
  Other adverse effects
    no data available

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations
  Waste treatment methods
  Product
    Burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber but exert extra care in igniting
    as this material is highly flammable. Offer surplus and non-recyclable solutions to a licensed disposal
    company.
  Contaminated packaging
    Dispose of as unused product.

SECTION 14: Transport information
  UN number
    ADR/RID: 1120        IMDG: 1120        IATA: 1120    
  UN proper shipping name
    ADR/RID: BUTANOLS
    IMDG: BUTANOLS
    IATA:        Butanols    
  Transport hazard class(es)
    ADR/RID: 3        IMDG: 3        IATA: 3    
  Packaging group
    ADR/RID: III        IMDG: III        IATA: III    
  Environmental hazards
    ADR/RID: no        IMDG Marine pollutant: no        IATA: no    
  Special precautions for user
    no data available



SECTION 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
N/A


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3
expand collapse
IR Spectrum IR : CCl4 solution
expand collapse
Mass Spectrum Mass
expand collapse
Raman Spectrum Raman : 4880 A,200 M,liquid
expand collapse
Toxicity
SKIN/EYE IRRITATION DATA
expand collapse
Type of Test
Standard Draize test
Exposure Route
Administration into the eye
Species Observed
Human
Dose/Duration
50 ppm
Toxic Effects
--
Reference
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. (Cambridge, MA) V.18-31, 1936-49. For publisher information, see AEHLAU. Volume(issue)/page/year: 25,282,1943
SKIN/EYE IRRITATION DATA
expand collapse
Type of Test
Standard Draize test
Exposure Route
Administration onto the skin
Species Observed
Rodent - rabbit
Dose/Duration
405 mg/24H
Toxic Effects
--
Reference
BIOFAX Industrial Bio-Test Laboratories, Inc., Data Sheets. (1810 Frontage Rd., Northbrook, IL 60062) Volume(issue)/page/year: 2-5/1969
SKIN/EYE IRRITATION DATA
expand collapse
Type of Test
Standard Draize test
Exposure Route
Administration onto the skin
Species Observed
Rodent - rabbit
Dose/Duration
20 mg/24H
Toxic Effects
--
Reference
Prehled Prumyslove Toxikologie; Organicke Latky, Marhold, J., Prague, Czechoslovakia, Avicenum, 1986 Volume(issue)/page/year: -,193,1986

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