pentane

CAS No. 109-66-0

Formula: C5H12
Basic Info

Pentane is an organic compound with the formula C5H12 — that is, an alkane with five carbon atoms. The term may refer to any of three structural isomers, or to a mixture of them: in the IUPAC nomenclature, however, pentane means exclusively the n-pentane isomer; the other two are called isopentane (methylbutane) and neopentane (dimethylpropane). Cyclopentane is not an isomer of pentane because it has only 10 hydrogen atoms where pentane has 12.
Pentanes are components of some fuels and are employed as specialty solvents in the laboratory. Their properties are very similar to those of butanes and hexanes.

Formula
C5H12
Molecular Weight
72.1488
Exact Mass
72.0939
LogP
2.1965
PSA
0
Synonyms

ALKANE C5

n-C5H12

N-PENTANE

PENTANE, (MIXED ISOMERS)

PENTANE-195

PENTANE, REAGENT

PENTANE, N-: CP, GLASS DISTILLED, HPLC/UV

Pentani

N-PENTAN

N-PENTANE-D1

Pentane

PENTANE,(MIXEDISOMERS)

PETANE

Pentan

N-PENTAN FüR DIE HPLC

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
clear, colorless Liquid
Density
0.626
Boiling Point
36ºC
Melting Point
-130ºC
Flash Point
-49ºC
Refractive Index
1.358
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Storage Condition
2-8ºC
Vapor Pressure
527mmHg at 25°C
Safety Info
Safety Statements
S16-S29-S33-S61-S62-S9
Risk Statements
R12; R51/53; R65; R66; R67
HS Code
2930909019
RIDADR
UN 1265
Packing Group
II
Caution Statement
P210; P301 + P310; P331; P370 + P378; P403 + P235
Hazard Codes
Hazard Declaration
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name pentane

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names PENTANE,(MIXEDISOMERS)

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Fuels and fuel additives,Intermediates,Paint additives and coating additives not described by other categories,Plasticizers,Processing aids, not otherwise listed,Processing aids, specific to petroleum production,Propellants and blowing agents
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Flammable liquids, Category 2

Aspiration hazard, Category 1

Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure, Category 3

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term (Chronic) - Category Chronic 2

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour

H304 May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways

H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness

H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

P242 Use non-sparking tools.

P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

Response

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

P331 Do NOT induce vomiting.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P391 Collect spillage.

Storage

P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P405 Store locked up.

P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
pentane pentane 109-66-0 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again.

In case of eye contact

Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible).

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Low toxicity. Very high vapor concentrations produce narcosis. Aspiration into lungs can produce chemical pneumonitis and/or pulmonary edema. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Call for medical aid. Vapor, if inhaled, will cause dizziness or difficult breathing. Move to fresh air. If breathing has stopped, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Liquid is harmful if swallowed. ... Do not induce vomiting.

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Use water spry, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Behavior in Fire: Containers may explode (USCG, 1999)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours of low boiling point adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Remove all ignition sources. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in dry sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT wash away into sewer.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Evacuate danger area! consult an expert! Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Remove all ignitino sources. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in dry sand or inert absorbent...

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool. Well closed. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing.Storage temp: ambient. Venting: open (flame arrester) or pressure-vacuum.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hour Time-Weighted Average: 120 ppm (350 mg/cu m).

Recommended Exposure Limit: 15 Minute Ceiling Value: 610 ppm (1800 mg/cu m).

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state clear, colorless Liquid
Colour Colorless liquid [Note: A gas above 97 degrees F. May be utilized as a fuel].
Odour Pleasant
Melting point/ freezing point 304°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 35-36°C(lit.)
Flammability Class IA Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 22.78°C and BP below 37.78°C.Highly flammable. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 1.5% by volume; Upper flammable limit: 7.8% by volume.
Flash point -49°C
Auto-ignition temperature 260°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 0.2224 mPa.sec at 25°C (liquid)
Solubility less than 1 mg/mL at 21.11°C
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 3.39
Vapour pressure 527mmHg at 25°C
Density and/or relative density 0.626g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 2.48 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Flammable in the presence of a source of ignition when the temperature is above the flash point.The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. The vapour is heavier than air and may accumulate in lowered spaces causing a deficiency of oxygen.N-PENTANE is incompatible with strong oxidizers. It is also incompatible with strong acids, alkalis, and oxygen. Mixtures with chlorine gas have produced explosions. It will attack some forms of plastics, rubber, and coatings. .

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Strong oxidizers.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: no data available
  • Inhalation: LC50 Rat inhalation 364 g/cu m/4H
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water Flea) age 4-6 days, length 1.5 mm; Conditions: freshwater, static, 23°C, pH 6-7, dissolved oxygen 5-9 mg/L; Concentration: 135 mmol/cu m for 48 hr (95% confidence interval: 111-164 mmol/cu m); Effect: intoxication, immobilization /> or =97% purity
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: n-Pentane reached 0.3, 3.2 and 10.1% of its theoretical BOD after 6, 24, and 72 hours, respectively, using a benzene-acclimated activated sludge(1). n-Pentane reached 0.7, 0.5 and 0.7% of its theoretical BOD at intervals of 6, 12, and 24 hours, respectively, using aeration units of sewage treatment facilities(2). Within 24 hours, pentane was oxidized to its corresponding methyl ketone, 2-pentanone(3,5), and the corresponding alcohol, 2-pentanol(4,5), by cell suspensions of over 20 methyltrophic organisms isolated from lake water and soil samples(3-5). n-Pentane, and 12 other components of gasoline were completely degraded using an activated sludge inoculum in less than 30 days(6). n-Pentane, present at 100 mg/L, reached 96% of its theoretical BOD in 4 weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L in the Japanese MITI test(7). n-Pentane, present at 18.7 ug as a component in gasoline, was incubated in a New Jersey rainwater retention pond. The median half-life of total detectable gasoline hydrocarbons was 5.0 days(8).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 80 was calculated for n-pentane(SRC), using a log Kow of 3.39(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is moderate(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

Using a structure estimation method based on molecular connectivity indices(1), the Koc of n-pentane can be estimated to be 72(SRC). According to a classification scheme(2), this estimated Koc value suggests that n-pentane is expected to have high mobility in soil.

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1265 IMDG: UN1265 IATA: UN1265

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: PENTANES, liquid
IMDG: PENTANES, liquid
IATA: PENTANES, liquid

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: yes IMDG: yes IATA: yes

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
pentane pentane 109-66-0 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 10, 2017
Revision Date Aug 10, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking
  Product identifiers
    Product name        : Pentane    
    REACH No.        : 01-2119459286-30-XXXX    
    CAS-No.        : 109-66-0    
  Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against
    Identified uses        : Laboratory chemicals, Manufacture of substances    
  
  

SECTION 2: Hazards identification
  Classification of the substance or mixture
  Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Flammable liquids (Category 2), H225
    Aspiration hazard (Category 1), H304
    Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), H336
    Chronic aquatic toxicity (Category 2), H411
    For the full text of the H-Statements mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
  Classification according to EU Directives 67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC
    F+ Extremely flammable        R12    
    Xn Harmful        R65    
    R66
    R67
    N Dangerous for the        R51/53    
    environment
    For the full text of the R-phrases mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
  Label elements
  Labelling according Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Pictogram
    Signal word        Danger    
    Hazard statement(s)
    H225        Highly flammable liquid and vapour.    
    H304        May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.    
    H336        May cause drowsiness or dizziness.    
    H411        Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.    
    Precautionary statement(s)
    P210        Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.    
    P261        Avoid breathing dust/ fume/ gas/ mist/ vapours/ spray.    
    P273        Avoid release to the environment.    
    P301 + P310        IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/    
    physician.
    P331        Do NOT induce vomiting.    
    Supplemental Hazard information (EU)
    EUH066        Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking.    
  Other hazards - none

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients
  Substances
    Formula        : C5H12    
    Molecular Weight        : 72,15 g/mol    
    CAS-No.        : 109-66-0    
    EC-No.        : 203-692-4    
    Registration number        : 01-2119459286-30-XXXX    
  Hazardous ingredients according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Component        Classification        Concentration    
  n-Pentane
    CAS-No.        109-66-0        Flam. Liq. 2; STOT SE 3; Asp.        <= 100 %    
    EC-No.        203-692-4        Tox. 1; Aquatic Chronic 2;    
    Index-No.        601-006-00-1        H225, H304, H336, H411,    
    EUH066
  Hazardous ingredients according to Directive 1999/45/EC
    Component        Classification        Concentration    
  n-Pentane
    CAS-No.        109-66-0        F+, Xn, N, R12 - R51/53 - R65 <= 100 %    
    EC-No.        203-692-4        - R66 - R67    
    Index-No.        601-006-00-1    
    For the full text of the H-Statements and R-Phrases mentioned in this Section, see Section 16

SECTION 4: First aid measures
  Description of first aid measures
  General advice
    Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
  If inhaled
    If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.
  In case of skin contact
    Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.
  In case of eye contact
    Flush eyes with water as a precaution.
  If swallowed
    Do NOT induce vomiting. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with
    water. Consult a physician.
  Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
    The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling (see section 2.2) and/or in
    section 11
  Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
    no data available

SECTION 5: Firefighting measures
  Extinguishing media
  Suitable extinguishing media
    Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
  Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
    Carbon oxides
  Advice for firefighters
    Wear self contained breathing apparatus for fire fighting if necessary.
  Further information
    Use water spray to cool unopened containers.

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures
  Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
    Use personal protective equipment. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation.
    Remove all sources of ignition. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Beware of vapours accumulating to
    form explosive concentrations. Vapours can accumulate in low areas.
    For personal protection see section 8.
  Environmental precautions
    Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the
    environment must be avoided.
  Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up
    Contain spillage, and then collect with an electrically protected vacuum cleaner or by wet-brushing and
    place in container for disposal according to local regulations (see section 13).
  Reference to other sections
    For disposal see section 13.

SECTION 7: Handling and storage
  Precautions for safe handling
    Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid inhalation of vapour or mist.
    Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.Take measures to prevent the build up of electrostatic
    charge.
    For precautions see section 2.2.
  Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
    Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Containers which are
    opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage.
    Refrigerate before opening.
  Specific end use(s)
    Apart from the uses mentioned in section 1.2 no other specific uses are stipulated

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection
  Control parameters
  Components with workplace control parameters
  Exposure controls
  Appropriate engineering controls
    Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and
    at the end of workday.
  Personal protective equipment
  Eye/face protection
    Face shield and safety glasses Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under
    appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).
  Skin protection
    Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique
    (without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of
    contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices.
    Wash and dry hands.
    The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and
    the standard EN 374 derived from it.
    Full contact
    Material: Nitrile rubber
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,4 mm
    Break through time: 480 min
    Material tested:Camatril® (KCL 730 / Z677442, Size M)
    Splash contact
    Material: Nitrile rubber
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,4 mm
    Break through time: 480 min
    Material tested:Camatril® (KCL 730 / Z677442, Size M)
    data source: KCL GmbH, D-36124 Eichenzell, phone +49 (0)6659 87300,     test method: EN374
    If used in solution, or mixed with other substances, and under conditions which differ from EN 374,
    contact the supplier of the CE approved gloves. This recommendation is advisory only and must
    be evaluated by an industrial hygienist and safety officer familiar with the specific situation of
    anticipated use by our customers. It should not be construed as offering an approval for any
    specific use scenario.
  Body Protection
    Complete suit protecting against chemicals, Flame retardant antistatic protective clothing, The type
    of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the
    dangerous substance at the specific workplace.
  Respiratory protection
    Where risk assessment shows air-purifying respirators are appropriate use a full-face respirator
    with multi-purpose combination (US) or type AXBEK (EN 14387) respirator cartridges as a backup
    to engineering controls. If the respirator is the sole means of protection, use a full-face supplied air
    respirator. Use respirators and components tested and approved under appropriate government
    standards such as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).
  Control of environmental exposure
    Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into
    the environment must be avoided.

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties
  Information on basic physical and chemical properties
    a) Appearance        Form: liquid, clear    
    Colour: colourless
    b) Odour        no data available    
    c) Odour Threshold        no data available    
    d) pH        no data available    
    e) Melting point/freezing        Melting point/range: -130 °C - lit.    
    point
    f) Initial boiling point and 35 - 36 °C - lit.
    boiling range
    g) Flash point        -49,0 °C - closed cup    
    h) Evapouration rate        no data available    
    i) Flammability (solid, gas) no data available
    j) Upper/lower        Upper explosion limit: 8,3 %(V)    
    flammability or        Lower explosion limit: 1,4 %(V)    
    explosive limits
    k) Vapour pressure        579,0 hPa at 20,0 °C    
    1.859,7 hPa at 55,0 °C
    l) Vapour density        no data available    
    m) Relative density        0,626 g/cm3 at 25 °C    
    n) Water solubility        no data available    
    o) Partition coefficient: n- log Pow: 3,39
    octanol/water
    p) Auto-ignition        260,0 °C    
    temperature
    q) Decomposition        no data available    
    temperature
    r) Viscosity        no data available    
    s) Explosive properties        Not explosive    
    t) Oxidizing properties        no data available    
  Other safety information
    no data available

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity
  Reactivity
    no data available
  Chemical stability
    Stable under recommended storage conditions.
  Possibility of hazardous reactions
    no data available
  Conditions to avoid
    Heat, flames and sparks. Extremes of temperature and direct sunlight.
  Incompatible materials
    Strong oxidizing agents
  Hazardous decomposition products
    Other decomposition products - no data available
    In the event of fire: see section 5

SECTION 11: Toxicological information
  Information on toxicological effects
  Acute toxicity
    LD50 Oral - mouse - 5.000 mg/kg
    LC50 Inhalation - rat - 4 h - 364.000 mg/m3
    LD50 Dermal - rabbit - 3.000 mg/kg
  Skin corrosion/irritation
    Skin - rabbit
    Result: No skin irritation
    (OECD Test Guideline 404)
  Serious eye damage/eye irritation
    no data available
  Respiratory or skin sensitisation
    no data available
  Germ cell mutagenicity
    Ames test
    S. typhimurium
    Result: negative
  Carcinogenicity
    IARC:        No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as    
    probable, possible or confirmed human carcinogen by IARC.
  Reproductive toxicity
    no data available
  Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure
    May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
  Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure
    no data available
  Aspiration hazard
    May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.
  Additional Information
    RTECS: RZ9450000
    Contact with eyes can cause:, Redness, Blurred vision, Provokes tears., Prolonged or repeated contact
    with skin may cause:, defatting, Dermatitis, Central nervous system depression, Damage to the lungs.
    Stomach - Irregularities - Based on Human Evidence

SECTION 12: Ecological information
  Toxicity
    Toxicity to daphnia and EC50 - Daphnia magna (Water flea) - 9,74 mg/l - 48 h
    other aquatic
    invertebrates
  Persistence and degradability
    Biodegradability        Biotic/Aerobic - Exposure time 192 h    
    Result: 70 % - Readily biodegradable.
  Bioaccumulative potential
    no data available
  Mobility in soil
    no data available
  Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
    PBT/vPvB assessment not available as chemical safety assessment not required/not conducted
  Other adverse effects
    Toxic to aquatic life.
    Avoid release to the environment. Do not empty into drains.

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations
  Waste treatment methods
  Product
    Burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber but exert extra care in igniting
    as this material is highly flammable. Offer surplus and non-recyclable solutions to a licensed disposal
    company.
  Contaminated packaging
    Dispose of as unused product.

SECTION 14: Transport information
  UN number
    ADR/RID: 1265        IMDG: 1265        IATA: 1265    
  UN proper shipping name
    ADR/RID: PENTANES
    IMDG: PENTANES
    IATA:        Pentanes    
  Transport hazard class(es)
    ADR/RID: 3        IMDG: 3        IATA: 3    
  Packaging group
    ADR/RID: II        IMDG: II        IATA: II    
  Environmental hazards
    ADR/RID: yes        IMDG Marine pollutant: yes        IATA: no    
  Special precautions for user
    no data available



SECTION 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
N/A


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3
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IR Spectrum IR : liquid film
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Mass Spectrum Mass spectrum (electron ionization)
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Related Compound Information

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