methyl formate

CAS No. 107-31-3

Formula: C2H4O2
Basic Info

Methyl formate, also called methyl methanoate, is the methyl ester of formic acid. The simplest example of an ester, it is a colorless liquid with an ethereal odour, high vapor pressure, and low surface tension. It is a precursor to many other compounds of commercial interest.
In some cases people have found that the pleasant smell is of lemons or lemonade.

Formula
C2H4O2
Molecular Weight
60.052
Exact Mass
60.0211
LogP
0.4251
PSA
26.3
Synonyms

methyl-formate

Formic acid, methyl ester

Mravencan methylnaty [Czech]

Formic acid methyl ester

Methylformiat [German]

Methyl methanoate

Methyl formate

Methylformiaat [Dutch]

Formic acid,methyl ester

Caswell No. 570

Formiate de methyle [French]

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
colourless liquid
Density
0.968
Boiling Point
31-33ºC
Melting Point
-100ºC
Flash Point
-32ºC
Refractive Index
1.342-1.344
Stability
Stable. Extremely flammable. Readily forms explosive mixtures with air. Note low flash point and very wide explosion limits. Incompatible with oxidizing agents.
Storage Condition
Flammables area
Vapor Density
2.1 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure
32.91 psi ( 55 °C)
Safety Info
RTECS
LQ8925000
Safety Statements
S16-S24-S26-S33-S9
WGK Germany
1
Risk Statements
R12; R20/22; R36/37
HS Code
2915130000
RIDADR
UN 1243
Hazard Class
3
Packing Group
I
Caution Statement
P210; P261; P305 + P351 + P338
Hazard Codes
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3
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IR Spectrum IR : liquid film
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Mass Spectrum Mass
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Raman Spectrum Raman : 4880 A,200 M,liquid
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