Hexane

CAS No. 110-54-3

Formula: C6H14
Basic Info

Hexane is an alkane of six carbon atoms, with the chemical formula C6H14.
The term may refer to any of the five structural isomers with that formula, or to a mixture of them. In IUPAC nomenclature, however, hexane is the unbranched isomer (n-hexane); the other four isomers are named as methylated derivatives of pentane and butane. IUPAC also uses the term as the root of many compounds with a linear six-carbon backbone, such as 2-methylhexane (C7H16), which is also called "isoheptane".
Hexanes are significant constituents of gasoline. They are all colorless liquids at room temperature, odorless when pure, with boiling points between 50 and 70°C. They are widely used as cheap, relatively safe, largely unreactive, and easily evaporated non-polar solvents.

Formula
C6H14
Molecular Weight
86.1754
Exact Mass
86.1096
LogP
2.5866
PSA
0
Synonyms

n-Hexane

Hexane

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Properties
Appearance & Physical State
Colorless liquid with a gasoline-like odor
Density
0.659
Boiling Point
69ºC
Melting Point
-95ºC
Flash Point
-22ºC
Refractive Index
1.3748-1.381
Stability
Stable. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, chlorine, fluorine, magnesium perchlorate. Highly flammable. Readily forms explosive mixtures with air. Note low flash point.
Storage Condition
Store at RT.
Safety Info
Safety Statements
S16-S29-S33-S36/37-S61-S62-S9
WGK Germany
3
Risk Statements
R11; R38; R48/20; R51/53; R62; R65; R67
HS Code
2901100000
RIDADR
UN 1208
Hazard Class
3
Packing Group
II
Caution Statement
P210; P260; P280; P301 + P310; P370 + P378; P403 + P235
Hazard Codes
MSDS
SDS 1.0
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name Hexane

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names n-Hexane

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Hydrocarbons (contain hydrogen and carbon atoms), Volatile organic compounds
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Flammable liquids, Category 2

Skin irritation, Category 2

Aspiration hazard, Category 1

Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure, Category 3

Specific target organ toxicity – repeated exposure, Category 2

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term (Chronic) - Category Chronic 2

Reproductive toxicity, Category 2

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour

H315 Causes skin irritation

H304 May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways

H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness

H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

P242 Use non-sparking tools.

P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

P201 Obtain special instructions before use.

P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

Response

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P332+P313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

P331 Do NOT induce vomiting.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P314 Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.

P391 Collect spillage.

P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/ attention.

Storage

P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P405 Store locked up.

P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
Hexane Hexane 110-54-3 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention .

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Rest. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

INHALATION causes irritation of respiratory tract, cough, mild depression, cardiac arrhythmias. ASPIRATION causes severe lung irritation, coughing, pulmonary edema; excitement followed by depression. INGESTION causes nausea, vomiting, swelling of abdomen, headache, depression. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Skin or eyes: Wipe off; wash skin with soap and water; wash eyes with copious amounts of water.

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Stop discharge if possible. Keep people away. Shut off ignition sources and call fire department. Stay upwind and use water spray to "knock down" vapor. Isolate and remove discharged material. Notify local health and pollution control agencies.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Behavior in Fire: Vapors may explode (USCG, 1999)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Consult an expert! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Remove all ignition sources. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

In the event of spillage, naked flames, sparks, and heat should be avoided; approved, efficient, protective clothing and respirators should be provided. Small-scale spillage should be absorbed on paper towels or sawdust; sand or earth can be used for larger spills. Fire-fighting foam can be used in large spillages to reduce evaporation. If possible, liquid spills should be recovered for recycling.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Well closed.Drums should be stored in a well-ventilated area in fire-resistant containers. Metal containers should be electrically-grounded, when liquid is being transferred.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hour Time-Weighted Average: 50 ppm (180 mg/cu m).

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state Colorless liquid with a gasoline-like odor
Colour Liquid
Odour Gasoline-like odor
Melting point/ freezing point -95°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 69°C(lit.)
Flammability Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 22.78°C and BP at or above 37.78°C.Highly flammable.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 1.1%, Upper flammable limit: 7.5% (by volume)
Flash point -26°C
Auto-ignition temperature 233.89°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 3.26X10-4 Pa-s at 20°C
Solubility less than 1 mg/mL at 16.5°C
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 3.90
Vapour pressure 120 mm Hg at 20°C ; 180 mm Hg at 25°C
Density and/or relative density 0.659g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density ~3 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Flammable. Flashback along vapor trail may occur.The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.HEXANE may be sensitive to light. It may also be sensitive to prolonged exposure to heat. This compound can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. This would include compounds such as liquid chlorine, concentrated O2, sodium hypochlorite and calcium hypochlorite. It is also incompatible with dinitrogen tetraoxide. It will attack some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings. .

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Forms explosive mixture with air. Contact with strong oxidizers may cause fire and explosions. contact with dinitrogen tetreoxide may explode at 28°C. Attacks some plastics, rubber and coatings. may accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its vapor.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and fumes.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Mouse oral 5000 mg/kg bw
  • Inhalation: LC50 Rat inhalation 48000 ppm/< 4 hr
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

EPA-II

Reproductive toxicity

No information is available on the reproductive or developmental effects of hexane in humans. Testicular damage has been observed in male rats exposed to hexane via inhalation. Teratogenic effects were not observed in the offspring of rats chronically exposed via inhalation in several studies.

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Pimephales promelas (Fathead Minnow) age 31 days, length 20.4 mm, weight 0.123 g; Conditions: freshwater, flow through, 25.6°C, pH 7.4, hardness 44.7 mg/L CaCO3, alkalinity 43.9 mg/L CaCO3, dissolved oxygen 7.5 mg/L; Concentration: 2500 ug/L for 96 hr (95% confidence interval: 2100-2980 ug/L) /99+% purity
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water Flea) age 4-6 days, length 1.5 mm; Conditions: freshwater, static, 23°C, pH 6-7, dissolved oxygen 5-9 mg/L; Concentration: 45 mmol/cu m for 48 hr (95% confidence interval: 30-66 mmol/cu m); Effect: intoxication, immobilization /> or =97% purity formulation
  • Toxicity to algae: EC50; Species: Chlamydomonas angulosa (Green Algae) age 3-4 days, exponential growth phase 5x10+4 cells/mL; Conditions: static, 19°C, pH 6.5; Concentration: 94 mmol/cu m for 3 hr; Effect: physiology, photosynthesis /formulation
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

The degradation of n-alkanes by microorganisms is similar to the degradation of fatty acids. The terminal methyl group is enzymatically oxidized by incorporation of molecular oxygen by a monooxygenase producing a primary alcohol with further oxidation to an acid group, although involvement of a dioxygenase is also postulated. Once the fatty acid is produced, it is degraded into 2-carbon units via the beta-oxidation pathway. ... Another pathway for n-alkane degradation that is encountered less often is the oxidation of both terminal carbons to form a dioic acid with subsequent beta-oxidation. Subterminal oxidation of the 2-carbon atom is seen mainly in C3-C6 alkanes, although it does occur in longer chain alkanes also. ... A dehydrogenation of the n-alkane may also occur yielding an alkene which is then converted to an alcohol, although there is little evidence for this theory. Some microorganisms have been shown to have both terminal and subterminal oxidation, each having very different rates of activity. The different chain lengths of n-alkanes are degraded to different extents ... . /In a study comparing/ ... growth on long an short chain alkanes by some bacteria ... the initial oxygenase had a broad specificity and would oxidize C1-C8 alkanes ... /but/ cells grown on C4-C8 alkanes did not oxidize the shorter chain alkanes to a significant extent. ... /n-Alkanes/

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 170 was calculated in fish for n-hexane(SRC), using a log Kow of 3.90(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is high(SRC), provided the compound is not metabolized by the organism(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

Using a structure estimation method based on molecular connectivity indices(1), the Koc of n-hexane can be estimated to be 130(SRC). According to a classification scheme(2), this estimated Koc value suggests that n-hexane is expected to have high mobility in soil.

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1208 IMDG: UN1208 IATA: UN1208

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: HEXANES
IMDG: HEXANES
IATA: HEXANES

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: yes IMDG: yes IATA: yes

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
Hexane Hexane 110-54-3 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 10, 2017
Revision Date Aug 10, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS
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SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking
  Product identifiers
    Product name        : HEXANE, ANHYDROUS, 95%    
    Index-No.        : 601-037-00-0    
    REACH No.        : A registration number is not available for this substance as the substance    
    or its uses are exempted from registration, the annual tonnage does not
    require a registration or the registration is envisaged for a later
    registration deadline.
    CAS-No.        : 110-54-3    
  Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against
    Identified uses        : Laboratory chemicals, Manufacture of substances    
  
  

SECTION 2: Hazards identification
  Classification of the substance or mixture
  Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Flammable liquids (Category 2), H225
    Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
    Reproductive toxicity (Category 2), H361f
    Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), Central nervous system, H336
    Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure (Category 2), H373
    Aspiration hazard (Category 1), H304
    Chronic aquatic toxicity (Category 2), H411
    For the full text of the H-Statements mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
  Classification according to EU Directives 67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC
    F Highly flammable        R11    
    R62
    Xn Harmful        R48/20, R65    
    Xi Irritant        R38    
    R67
    N Dangerous for the        R51/53    
    environment
    For the full text of the R-phrases mentioned in this Section, see Section 16.
  Label elements
  Labelling according Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Pictogram
    Signal word        Danger    
    Hazard statement(s)
    H225        Highly flammable liquid and vapour.    
    H304        May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.    
    H315        Causes skin irritation.    
    H336        May cause drowsiness or dizziness.    
    H361f        Suspected of damaging fertility.    
    H373        May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.    
    H411        Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.    
    Precautionary statement(s)
    P210        Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.    
    P261        Avoid breathing vapours.    
    P273        Avoid release to the environment.    
    P281        Use personal protective equipment as required.    
    P301 + P310        IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/    
    physician.
    P331        Do NOT induce vomiting.    
    Supplemental Hazard        none    
    Statements
  Other hazards - none

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients
  Substances
    Synonyms        : n-Hexane    
    Formula        : C6H14    
    Molecular Weight        : 86,18 g/mol    
    CAS-No.        : 110-54-3    
    EC-No.        : 203-777-6    
    Index-No.        : 601-037-00-0    
  Hazardous ingredients according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Component        Classification        Concentration    
  n-Hexane
    CAS-No.        110-54-3        Flam. Liq. 2; Skin Irrit. 2; Repr. <= 100 %    
    EC-No.        203-777-6        2; STOT SE 3; STOT RE 2;    
    Index-No.        601-037-00-0        Asp. Tox. 1; Aquatic Chronic    
    2; H225, H304, H315, H336,
    H361f, H373, H411
  Hazardous ingredients according to Directive 1999/45/EC
    Component        Classification        Concentration    
  n-Hexane
    CAS-No.        110-54-3        F, Xn, N, Repr.Cat.3, R11 -        <= 100 %    
    EC-No.        203-777-6        R38 - R48/20 - R62 - R65 -    
    Index-No.        601-037-00-0        R67 - R51/53    
    For the full text of the H-Statements and R-Phrases mentioned in this Section, see Section 16

SECTION 4: First aid measures
  Description of first aid measures
  General advice
    Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
  If inhaled
    If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.
  In case of skin contact
    Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.
  In case of eye contact
    Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.
  If swallowed
    Do NOT induce vomiting. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with
    water. Consult a physician.
  Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
    The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling (see section 2.2) and/or in
    section 11
  Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
    no data available

SECTION 5: Firefighting measures
  Extinguishing media
  Suitable extinguishing media
    Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
  Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
    no data available
  Advice for firefighters
    Wear self contained breathing apparatus for fire fighting if necessary.
  Further information
    Use water spray to cool unopened containers.

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures
  Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
    Use personal protective equipment. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation.
    Remove all sources of ignition. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Beware of vapours accumulating to
    form explosive concentrations. Vapours can accumulate in low areas.
    For personal protection see section 8.
  Environmental precautions
    Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the
    environment must be avoided.
  Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up
    Contain spillage, and then collect with an electrically protected vacuum cleaner or by wet-brushing and
    place in container for disposal according to local regulations (see section 13).
  Reference to other sections
    For disposal see section 13.

SECTION 7: Handling and storage
  Precautions for safe handling
    Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid inhalation of vapour or mist.
    Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.Take measures to prevent the build up of electrostatic
    charge.
    For precautions see section 2.2.
  Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
    Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Containers which are
    opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage.
  Specific end use(s)
    A part from the uses mentioned in section 1.2 no other specific uses are stipulated

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection
  Control parameters
  Components with workplace control parameters
  Exposure controls
  Appropriate engineering controls
    Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and
    at the end of workday.
  Personal protective equipment
  Eye/face protection
    Face shield and safety glasses Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under
    appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).
  Skin protection
    Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique
    (without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of
    contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices.
    Wash and dry hands.
    The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and
    the standard EN 374 derived from it.
    Full contact
    Material: Nitrile rubber
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,4 mm
    Break through time: 480 min
    Material tested:Camatril® (KCL 730 / Z677442, Size M)
    Splash contact
    Material: Nitrile rubber
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,2 mm
    Break through time: 30 min
    Material tested:Dermatril® P (KCL 743 / Z677388, Size M)
    data source: KCL GmbH, D-36124 Eichenzell, phone +49 (0)6659 87300,     test method: EN374
    If used in solution, or mixed with other substances, and under conditions which differ from EN 374,
    contact the supplier of the CE approved gloves. This recommendation is advisory only and must
    be evaluated by an industrial hygienist and safety officer familiar with the specific situation of
    anticipated use by our customers. It should not be construed as offering an approval for any
    specific use scenario.
  Body Protection
    Complete suit protecting against chemicals, Flame retardant antistatic protective clothing, The type
    of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the
    dangerous substance at the specific workplace.
  Respiratory protection
    Where risk assessment shows air-purifying respirators are appropriate use a full-face respirator
    with multi-purpose combination (US) or type ABEK (EN 14387) respirator cartridges as a backup
    to engineering controls. If the respirator is the sole means of protection, use a full-face supplied air
    respirator. Use respirators and components tested and approved under appropriate government
    standards such as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).
  Control of environmental exposure
    Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into
    the environment must be avoided.

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties
  Information on basic physical and chemical properties
    a) Appearance        Form: liquid    
    Colour: colourless
    b) Odour        no data available    
    c) Odour Threshold        no data available    
    d) pH        7,0    
    e) Melting point/freezing        -95,0 °C    
    point
    f) Initial boiling point and 68,0 - 70,0 °C
    boiling range
    g) Flash point        -26,0 °C - closed cup    
    h) Evapouration rate        15,8    
    i) Flammability (solid, gas) no data available
    j) Upper/lower        Upper explosion limit: 7,7 %(V)    
    flammability or        Lower explosion limit: 1,2 %(V)    
    explosive limits
    k) Vapour pressure        341,3 hPa at 37,7 °C    
    176,0 hPa at 20,0 °C
    l) Vapour density        no data available    
    m) Relative density        0,66 g/cm3    
    n) Water solubility        insoluble    
    o) Partition coefficient: n- log Pow: 3,90 - 4,11
    octanol/water
    p) Auto-ignition        234,0 °C    
    temperature
    q) Decomposition        no data available    
    temperature
    r) Viscosity        no data available    
    s) Explosive properties        no data available    
    t) Oxidizing properties        no data available    
  Other safety information
    no data available

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity
  Reactivity
    no data available
  Chemical stability
    Stable under recommended storage conditions.
  Possibility of hazardous reactions
    no data available
  Conditions to avoid
    Heat, flames and sparks. Extremes of temperature and direct sunlight.
  Incompatible materials
    Oxidizing agents
  Hazardous decomposition products
    Other decomposition products - no data available
    In the event of fire: see section 5

SECTION 11: Toxicological information
  Information on toxicological effects
  Acute toxicity
    LD50 Oral - rat - 25.000 mg/kg
    LC50 Inhalation - rat - 4 h - 48000 ppm
  Skin corrosion/irritation
    no data available
  Serious eye damage/eye irritation
    Eyes - rabbit
    Result: Mild eye irritation
  Respiratory or skin sensitisation
    no data available
  Germ cell mutagenicity
    no data available
  Carcinogenicity
    Carcinogenicity - rat - Inhalation
    Tumorigenic:Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria. Tumorigenic Effects: Testicular tumors.
    IARC:        No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as    
    probable, possible or confirmed human carcinogen by IARC.
  Reproductive toxicity
    no data available
    Overexposure may cause reproductive disorder(s) based on tests with laboratory animals. Suspected
    human reproductive toxicant Suspected of damaging fertility.
  Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure
    May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
  Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure
    Ingestion - May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure. - Nervous system
  Aspiration hazard
    May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.
  Additional Information
    RTECS: MN9275000
    Prolonged or repeated contact with skin may cause:, defatting, Dermatitis, Contact with eyes can cause:,
    Redness, Blurred vision, Provokes tears., Effects due to ingestion may include:, Gastrointestinal
    discomfort, Central nervous system depression, Lung irritation, chest pain, pulmonary edema, giddiness,
    slowed reaction time, slurred speech, Headache, Dizziness, Drowsiness, Unconsciousness
    Testes. - Irregularities - Based on Human Evidence

SECTION 12: Ecological information
  Toxicity
    Toxicity to fish        LC50 - Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) - 2,5 mg/l - 96,0 h    
    Toxicity to daphnia and EC50 - Daphnia magna (Water flea) - 3.878,00 mg/l - 48 h
    other aquatic
    invertebrates
    Toxicity to algae        EC50 - Chlorella vulgaris (Fresh water algae) - 12.840,00 mg/l - 3 h    
    EC50 - SKELETOMA - 0,30 mg/l - 8 h
  Persistence and degradability
    no data available
  Bioaccumulative potential
    no data available
  Mobility in soil
    no data available
  Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
    PBT/vPvB assessment not available as chemical safety assessment not required/not conducted
  Other adverse effects
    Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations
  Waste treatment methods
  Product
    Burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber but exert extra care in igniting
    as this material is highly flammable. Offer surplus and non-recyclable solutions to a licensed disposal
    company.
  Contaminated packaging
    Dispose of as unused product.

SECTION 14: Transport information
  UN number
    ADR/RID: 1208        IMDG: 1208        IATA: 1208    
  UN proper shipping name
    ADR/RID: HEXANES
    IMDG: HEXANES
    IATA:        Hexanes    
  Transport hazard class(es)
    ADR/RID: 3        IMDG: 3        IATA: 3    
  Packaging group
    ADR/RID: II        IMDG: II        IATA: II    
  Environmental hazards
    ADR/RID: yes        IMDG Marine pollutant: yes        IATA: no    
  Special precautions for user
    no data available

SECTION 15: Regulatory information
    This safety datasheet complies with the requirements of Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006.
  Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
    no data available
  Chemical Safety Assessment
    For this product a chemical safety assessment was not carried out

SECTION 16: Other information
  Full text of H-Statements referred to under sections 2 and 3.
    Aquatic Chronic Chronic aquatic toxicity
    Asp. Tox.        Aspiration hazard    
    Flam. Liq.        Flammable liquids    
    H225        Highly flammable liquid and vapour.    
    H304        May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.    
    H315        Causes skin irritation.    
    H336        May cause drowsiness or dizziness.    
    H361f        Suspected of damaging fertility.    
    H373        May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.    
    H411        Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.    
    Repr.        Reproductive toxicity    
    Skin Irrit.        Skin irritation    
    STOT RE        Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure    
  Full text of R-phrases referred to under sections 2 and 3
    F        Highly flammable    
    N        Dangerous for the environment    
    Xn        Harmful    
    R11        Highly flammable.    
    R38        Irritating to skin.    
    R48/20        Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through    
    inhalation.
    R51/53        Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic    
    environment.
    R62        Possible risk of impaired fertility.    
    R65        Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.    
    R67        Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness.    
    Repr.Cat.3        Toxic to Reproduction Category 3    
  Further information
    Copyright 2013 Co. LLC. License granted to make unlimited paper copies for internal use
    only.
    The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be
    used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge
    and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any
    guarantee of the properties of the product. Corporation and its Affiliates shall not be held
    liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See
     and/or the reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale.
Spectrum
NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3
expand collapse
IR Spectrum IR : liquid film
expand collapse
Raman Spectrum Raman : 4880 A,200 M,liquid
expand collapse
Toxicity
SKIN/EYE IRRITATION DATA
expand collapse
Type of Test
Standard Draize test
Exposure Route
Administration into the eye
Species Observed
Rodent - rabbit
Dose/Duration
10 mg
Toxic Effects
--
Reference
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E. First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1- 1959- Volume(issue)/page/year: 55,501,1980
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
expand collapse
Type of Test
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
Exposure Route
Inhalation
Species Observed
Human
Dose/Duration
190 ppm/8W
Toxic Effects
Peripheral Nerve and Sensation--structural change in nerve or sheath
Reference
American Journal of Industrial Medicine. (Alan R. Liss, Inc., 41 E. 11th St., New York, NY 10003) V.1- 1980- Volume(issue)/page/year: 10,111,1986
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
expand collapse
Type of Test
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
Exposure Route
Oral
Species Observed
Rodent - rat
Dose/Duration
28710 mg/kg
Toxic Effects
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value--
Reference
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E. First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1- 1959- Volume(issue)/page/year: 19,699,1971

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